Building Literacy In The FLES Curriculum


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This presentation shares four strategies one school has implemented to strengthen student literacy in both their first and second languages. The presentation provides information about the importance of environmental and functional print, the most relevant comprehension strategies for early language learners, and the role read-alouds play in literacy development.

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Building Literacy In The FLES Curriculum

  1. 1. Building Literacy Across the FLES Curriculum Lynn Fulton-Archer Richmond Drive Elementary (SC) [email_address]
  2. 2. Literacy Components <ul><li>Exposure to language </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of print </li></ul><ul><li>Access to texts </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension instruction </li></ul>
  3. 3. Exposure to Language <ul><li>Literacy research tells us </li></ul><ul><li>the single most important activity for building the knowledge for eventual success in literacy is reading aloud to children. </li></ul><ul><li>understanding oral language must precede recognition of written language. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Exposure to Language <ul><li>World Language practices include </li></ul><ul><li>weekly read-alouds in the media center for all students. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open to all students (K-5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Held before morning bell rings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stories tied to unit content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language teacher and curriculum specialist working together </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Exposure to Language <ul><li>World Language practices include </li></ul><ul><li>teachers providing instruction and classroom management exclusively in the target language. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language Ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gouin Series’ </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Awareness of Print <ul><li>Literacy research tells us </li></ul><ul><li>students need to hear words first then have multiple opportunities to see them. </li></ul><ul><li>associating text to image helps students process language and make meaning. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Awareness of Print <ul><li>World Language practices include </li></ul><ul><li>providing functional print, e.g., high-frequency written language used to function in class, work with content. </li></ul><ul><li>surrounding students with environmental print via authentic materials, e.g., real-world examples of the target language in use, oftentimes above the level of the student. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Awareness of Print <ul><li>World Language practices include </li></ul><ul><li>creating clusters of bulletin boards on each grade-level hall. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filled with text and images students are learning in a unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used as thematic webs for organizing content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlight student writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spotlight on authentic materials </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Awareness of Print <ul><li>World Language practices include </li></ul><ul><li>frequent use of individual whiteboards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used during classroom lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow students to write and self-correct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage students to manipulate the language on their own </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect to more kinesthetic learners </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Access to Texts <ul><li>Literacy research tells us </li></ul><ul><li>students need access to books at a variety of levels. </li></ul><ul><li>independent reading is an important part of the literacy development process. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Access to Texts <ul><li>World Language practices include </li></ul><ul><li>creating mini-libraries in each classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filled with books related to the content of each unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide books at several levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow for checkout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created pre-reading questions and post-reading surveys </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Access to Texts <ul><li>Types of books </li></ul><ul><li>Non-fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Literary non-fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Riddles </li></ul><ul><li>ABC Books </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines and Readers </li></ul>
  13. 13. Comprehension Instruction <ul><li>Literacy research tells us </li></ul><ul><li>students must be taught how to access information in a text – they should not be left guessing how to comprehend. </li></ul><ul><li>using a variety of strategies helps students understand texts with more clarity. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Comprehension Instruction <ul><li>World Language practices include </li></ul><ul><li>teaching comprehension strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint lessons lead by the Spanish teacher / Curriculum Specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quarterly presentations focusing on one of the four strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with grade-level teachers to reinforce during ELA block </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Comprehension Instruction <ul><li>Literacy strategies include </li></ul><ul><li>Schema </li></ul><ul><li>activating background knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Context Cues </li></ul><ul><li> visual and textual aids </li></ul><ul><li>Inference </li></ul><ul><li>predicting what comes next </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting </li></ul><ul><li>to self, world, other texts </li></ul>
  16. 16. Comprehension Instruction <ul><li>Strategies Lesson Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Present one strategy per lesson and ask students what they already know about it. </li></ul><ul><li>Read a text together, asking students to consciously apply that strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students reflect out loud about their use of that strategy in comprehending the text. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Comprehension Sequence <ul><li>Pre-reading Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prompt thought about the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predict based on visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggest a strategy to help </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Comprehension Sequence <ul><li>Reading Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skim for cognates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan for specific information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read for detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use graphic organizers to assist with comprehension </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Comprehension Sequence <ul><li>Post-reading Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehension checks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student-perceived success with the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student reactions to the text </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Literacy in the Curriculum <ul><li>Appropriate literacy practices </li></ul><ul><li>surround students with comprehensible written and spoken language. </li></ul><ul><li>empower students to successfully navigate a text with appropriate strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>encourage students to focus on what they do understand and not what they don’t. </li></ul>