Technology will Save our Minds and Bodies


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Technology will Save our Minds and Bodies

  1. 1. Michelle Hamilton & Danielle Leduc
  2. 2.  Medical technology refers to the use of novel technology to develop highly sophisticated electronic products or medical devices for application in healthcare markets.(Washington life Science, 2014).  Medical technology can be considered as any technology used to save lives in individuals suffering from a wide range of conditions. In its many forms, medical technology is already diagnosing, monitoring and treating virtually every disease or condition that affects us. Medical technology can be familiar, everyday objects such as sticking plasters, syringes or latex gloves. Alternatively, it could also be spectacles, wheelchairs and hearing aids. Meanwhile, at the high tech end of the scale, medical technology includes total body scanners, implantable devices such as heart valves and pacemakers, and replacement joints for knees and hips. In fact, there are more than 500,000 medical technologies currently available and they all share a common purpose: improving and extending peoples’ lives. (Eucomed Medical Technology, n.d)
  3. 3.  eHealth is the use of electronic information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the domain of healthcare. It allows physicians and healthcare specialists to diagnose and provide advice for the treatment of patients at a distance using ICTs. (Nuq, & Aubert, 2013).
  4. 4.  This will improve the way patients receive care, enhance the clinical experience and make the system more sustainable.  Doctors are creating electronic health records (EHRs) for their patients that contain all their medical information, including X-rays, test results, ultrasounds and other important data.  eHealth Ontario connects physicians and health care providers by allowing the transmission of electronic health data across a wide network of electronic health record (EHR) systems throughout the province  Canada is a huge supporter of eHealth (eHealth Ontario, 2014)
  5. 5.  The greatest barrier to e-Health is the difficulty for consumers to find accurate and reliable information (Maloney et al., 2005).  Source credibility and information completeness are two cons to eHealth. (Dutta-Bergman, 2004).  Incomplete health information may mislead the consumer into making a incorrect decision. (Dutta-Bergman, 2004).
  6. 6. Academic institutions, health care provider institutions, public health agency’s, industry associations, clinicians, consumers, technology vendors, Canada Health Infoway, Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) (Nuq. & Aubert. 2013).
  7. 7.  Robotic devices are used to replace missing limbs, perform delicate surgical procedures, deliver neurorehabilitation therapy to stroke patients, teach children with learning disabilities, and perform a growing number of other health related tasks.  According to the Robot Institute of America, a robot is ‘‘a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.” (Speich & Rosen, n.d)
  8. 8.  Medical robots are designed for safer surgeries and a newer kind of innovative procedures related to heart, nervous system, urology, ophthalmology, to treat with minimal invasion and precision.  -Nano-Robots in our blood stream to treat Cancer Robots in Tele-surgery for remote surgery (surgeons control surgeries from another room) Sensei: a robot for catheter guidance in heart surgeries (Kaur. 2012)
  9. 9.  Da Vinci: a robot for laparoscopic interventions and Tele-Surgery (open heart surgery) Zeus: a robot for voice controlled remote Tele- surgery (Biopsies) Aesop: a voice controlled robot for endoscopic camera positioning (pituitary gland) Endoassist: a robot for endoscopic guidance (colorectal surgeries) Otelo: A tele-robot for mobile tele-echography (ultrasounds to check heart rate, ovaries, appendix etc) (Kaur. 2012)
  10. 10.  Nanorobots: Swallowable Micro-capsules for Endoscopy (Used in Gastrointestinal diseases) Spine Assist: A Robot for surgery of the spine (spinal surgery) Robocast: a Robot for keyhole neurosurgery (brain) CyberKnife: a Robot that performs Radio Therapy (brain tumors) (Kaur. 2012)
  11. 11.  Because of the rising number of incidents— 282 injury reports last year, including 28 deaths, up 34% from the year before—the FDA inspected Intuitive earlier this year and in July issued a warning letter stating the company hadn't reported certain safety changes to its Da Vinci robotics system, asking for "additional corrective actions."  Insignificant training with Robots can result in injuries to the patient  Very costly (Pinkerton, 2013)
  12. 12.  Bionic Limbs: the technique of replacing a limb or body part by an artificial limb or part that is electronically or mechanically powered.  The word BIONIC is used to describe any artificial mechanism that functions like a living organism or part of a living organism.  What it’s made of: strong light-weight carbon fiber or titanium. Some even look like the real thing... even down to the fine hairs! (Kaur. 2012)
  13. 13.  They can also connect wirelessly to remote communication devices, such as a wearer's smartphone. This, in turn, can connect to smart- city software platforms, such as Living PlanIT's Urban Operating System, which links intelligent buildings and urban infrastructure. All of which means that a three-way real-time conversation can take place between the user, their prosthesis and their environment – an environment that is potentially responsive to their needs.  Bionic limbs are almost always stronger than normal human ability (Sterry. 2012)
  14. 14.  Bionics is about more than replacement body parts. It's about conceiving the body in its entirety and understanding the interplay between its many parts – and in its wider environment  According to Melissa Sterry, (2012) “The medical bionics of the future will be as unique to an individual as their DNA, in both function and form – customised to personality as much as physicality.” (Sterry. 2012)
  15. 15.  The price of a bionic limb is very costly  Individuals have to go through hours of Physical therapy  People may feel some discomfort with the bionic limb when it’s put in place (Sterry. 2012)
  16. 16.  Dutta-Bergman, M. (2004). The impact of completeness and Web use motivation on the credibility of e-health information. Journal of Communication, 54(2), 253-269.  eHealth Ontario. (2014). Retrieved from:  Eucomed Medical Technology. N.d. retrieved from  Kaur, S. (2012). How Medical Robots are going to Affect Our Lives. IETE Technical Review (Medknow Publications & Media Pvt. Ltd.), 29(3), 184-187. doi:10.4103/0256-4602.98859  Maloney, S., Ilic, D., & Green, S. (2005). Accessibility, nature and quality of health information on the Internet: A survey on osteoarthritis. Rheuma tology, 44(3), 382-385.  Nuq, P., & Aubert, B. (2013). Towards a better understanding of the intention to use eHealth services by medical professionals: The case of developing countries. International Journal Of Healthcare Management, 6(4), 217-236. doi:10.1179/2047971913Y.0000000033
  17. 17.  Pinkterton,J. (November 17, 2013). The wall street journal. The Pros and Cons of Robotic Surgery. Retrieved From: 702304655104579163430371597334  Speich & Rosen. (n.d) Marcel Dekker. Medical Robitics. Retrieved From: ical_Robotics.pdf  Sterry, M. (October 27 2012). The guardian. We Have The Technology. Retrieved from: design/technology-disability-improvements  Washington Life Science. (2014). Retrieved from: inition_medtech.htm