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Women and CS, Lessons Learned From Turkey - Voices 2015


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Women and CS, Lessons Learned From Turkey

Voices 2015
Mon March 9 23:00 PST
Tue March 10 2:00 EST
Tue March 10 6:00 UTC
Tue March 10 11:30 IST
Tue March 10 16:00 Sydney

Dr. Umit Yalcinalp, Architect
Dr. Gokcen Cilingir, Senior Software Engineer
Dr. Gulustan Dogan, Associate Professor

Session Length: 1 Hour

While interest in computing is steadily declining in US among women, more women are attracted to computing and seeking technical CS degrees in Turkey. In this talk, members of Turkish Women in Computing will discuss the results of ongoing research based on survey conducted on this discrepancy among its members and their connections who are women with computing degrees. We will briefly present the hypotheses previously presented at Global Voices conference in 2014 and how our findings compare with these hypotheses previously presented. We will also talk about our data collection methodology and some interesting surprises we encountered about demographics that affected the results.

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Women and CS, Lessons Learned From Turkey - Voices 2015

  1. 1. Women and CS: Lessons Learned from Turkey Turkish Women in Computing (TWIC) Three Founding Ph.Ds in CS Ümit Yalçınalp, Gökçen Çilingir, Gülüstan Doğan
  2. 2. Turkish Women in Computing  An Anita Borg Institute Community  Global Presence  Independent (not tied to government, school, company, sponsorship, etc.)  Has Sister community @Facebook: Golden Girls of Computer Science, 1981-86 female grads of Comp Eng & Sci Middle East Technical University, Turkey
  3. 3. Turkish Women In Computing was born to  Conquer cultural differences: Find/help/support in community through career stages  Embrace Global Opportunities: Unite CS graduates abroad & in Turkey  Enable recognition of members
  4. 4. In 2014 women in tech continued to be in the news…
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Women in Tech News categories  “Pipeline Problem”  Declining Interest  Disparity in Universities and College Admissions(Harvey Mudd’s gains!)  Equal Pay, Meritocracy & Cultural Factors  Debate about Abilities and Differences between men and women  Retention 6
  7. 7. $ Pillars 4 Pillars of Changing the game for Women in CS  Entering in the field  Getting hired in the field  Being Inspired/Having necessary tools  Staying in the field
  8. 8. Global Perspectives are necessary News are global State of affairs are local Don’t blindly accept what you hear! Learn and Compare! Thank you Global Tech Women for this platform
  9. 9. in Turkey, girls  Do excel in High School Science & Math and have confidence  Are attracted to undergrad degrees in CS and beyond (MS., Ph.D)  and the trend is Increasing
  10. 10. Summary of Our Presentation at Voices Conference in 2014! 10 Pipeline Problem in Turkey? #sayWhat? Proof? #checkitoutUS !!! Why is it different?
  11. 11. Our Research on Getting into the Field  What is the status?  University admissions data  Why is it this way?  Prior Research  Our own survey in our community
  12. 12. Entering the Field  Nationwide Placement Exam  1.8 Million take the test in 2013!
  13. 13. Our Hypothesis were  National Exam as driver and equalizer  Economics and Hipness Factor  Prestige for Families/Community  Confidence is there in Women for pursuing the best 13
  14. 14. Statistics from OSYM Placement Exam 0.00 0.08 0.16 0.24 0.32 0.40 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Female ratio in new admissions at Computer Science departments in Turkey (undergraduate)
  15. 15. USA vs. Turkey ! 0.0 8.0 16.0 24.0 32.0 40.0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Percentage of females pursuing CS undergraduate degrees USA Turkey
  16. 16. Results from Last year…  Interest is increasing and steady  Applies to Grad degrees and Female Faculty too  More dropouts from men in grad degrees due to military service postponement  Encouraging Numbers for women in STEM  Mathematics and Statıstıcs ~60% !  Popularity(CS) > Popularity(Civil Eng.) Popularity(CS) > Popularity(Mechanical Eng.) Popularity(CS) < Popularity(Chemical Eng.)
  17. 17. Important Footnote No extra intervention, school, advertisement, recruiting, mentoring tailored SPECIFICALLY toward women to achieve these results
  18. 18. How do we understand why?
  19. 19. Supporting Research*  Survey of 671 female students in top 6 Turkish universities  Investigates to find why women choose engineering  Covers STEM fields not only CS * Smith, Alice E., and Berna Dengiz. "Women in engineering in Turkey–a large scale quantitative and qualitative examination." European Journal of Engineering Education 35.1 (2010): 45-57.
  20. 20. TwiCS survey 250+ Turkish women in CS TWICs members + friends Graduates of top universities Small but indicative population of our own community
  21. 21. Art of Creating Surveys  Education researcher Hafize Sahin from Washington University was key  Short  Multilingual  Questions focused on  Interest and successes in high school  Influence of family, friends, environment  Choice of fields of study  Detailed profile and background (age, school, where you live)
  22. 22. Demographic
  23. 23. TWIC Survey Results support our hypothesis Why did you decide to pursue a career in Computer Science? I was good at math and I was told Computer Science would be a perfect career choice for me. Prestigiou s/credible degree to have. I did not want to be a doctor. It wasn't a deliberate choice, I chose the most popular departme nt that I can get in with my score (at the Nationa… High prospect of finding a well paying job after graduatio n My parents chose it for me, I did not. Adviser/m entor suggestio n Childhood dream Prove women can work in the field. My parent suggeste d it, I agreed. Friend suggestio n Participat e in family business % 18.7 16.6 13.7 13.5 12.1 8.9 6.1 5.4 2.5 1.7 0.5 0.3
  24. 24. Favourite topics: Math & Science What were your favorite classes in high school? Math Chemistr y Physics Literature Painting / Arts History Music Geograp hy Physical Educatio n (PE) Biology Ratios 32.1 20.1 14.6 8.8 5.8 4.3 4.3 3.7 3.7 2.5 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0
  25. 25. Society Perception Impact How does society see women computer engineers in Turkey? It's a very prestigious occupation for women. 36% It is NOT a preferred occupation for women. 12% Women is considered inadequate compared to man in this occupation. 47% I don't know. 5%
  26. 26. Society Perception Impact It's a very prestigious occupation for women. 16% It is NOT a preferred occupation for women. 11% Women is considered inadequate compared to man in this occupation. 71% I don't know. 2% How does society see women computer engineers in Turkey? (age < 30) It's a very prestigious occupation for women. 53% I don't know. 7% Women is considered inadequate compared to man in this occupation. 28% It is NOT a preferred occupation for women. 12% How does society see women computer engineers in Turkey? (age >= 30)
  27. 27. Childhood Perceptions Imposed by Society Yes 13% No 79% I do not know / do not remember 8% Do you think your parents or teachers believed that "boys are better at math/science subjects than girls" during your childhood?
  28. 28. Acceptance by Male Colleagues How often do you feel accepted by your male colleagues in the workplace or in school? Sometimes 16% Most of the time 50% Rarely 6% Always 25% Never 3%
  29. 29. Feeling of Isolation How often do you feel lonely or isolated from other people at the workplace/school because of your gender? Sometimes 21% Rarely 35% Most of the time 9% Never 34% Always 1%
  30. 30. Conclusion  Economics and Perceptions fuel the interest  Excelling in the national entrance exam encourages an Engineering or Medical School degree  No lack of confidence in Women  Positive reinforcement from high school fuels interest 30
  31. 31. Last but not least Thanks!  Turkish Women In Computing community  OSYM for statistics  Dept. of Computer Engineering, Bilkent Uni Prof. Dr. Altay Guvenir & System Analyst Nazan Ceran Titrek  Dept. of Computer Engineering, METU Prof. Dr. Ferda Alpaslan  Golden Girls of Computer Science where a lot of these ideas have emerged via discussion