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Matthew 19, Jesus is tested concerning divorce, Jesus is asked about heaven, Judea Beyond The Jordan, Divorce For Any Reason, Become One Flesh, What about remarriage?, Eye Of A Needle, Count The Cost

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Matthew 19, Jesus is tested concerning divorce, Jesus is asked about heaven, Judea Beyond The Jordan, Divorce For Any Reason, Become One Flesh, What about remarriage?, Eye Of A Needle, Count The Cost

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Matthew 19, Jesus is tested concerning divorce, Jesus is asked about heaven, Divorce For Any Reason, Become One Flesh, What about remarriage?, Eye Of A Needle, Count The Cost, Judea Beyond The Jordan, divorce, remarriage, marriage, indecency, porneia, wealth, rich, needle, count the cost

Matthew 19, Jesus is tested concerning divorce, Jesus is asked about heaven, Divorce For Any Reason, Become One Flesh, What about remarriage?, Eye Of A Needle, Count The Cost, Judea Beyond The Jordan, divorce, remarriage, marriage, indecency, porneia, wealth, rich, needle, count the cost

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Matthew 19, Jesus is tested concerning divorce, Jesus is asked about heaven, Judea Beyond The Jordan, Divorce For Any Reason, Become One Flesh, What about remarriage?, Eye Of A Needle, Count The Cost

  1. 1. Matthew 19 Jesus is tested concerning divorce Jesus is asked about heaven
  2. 2. • Matthew 19:1…He departed from Galilee…
  3. 3. • Matthew 19:1…He departed from Galilee…
  4. 4. Matthew 19:1, Judea Beyond The Jordan • Matthew 19:1 When Jesus had finished these words, He departed from Galilee and came into the region of Judea beyond the Jordan; • The "region of Judea" is the Greek and Roman equivalent to “the land of Judah” in the Old Testament. Basically, the southern part of the old southern kingdom (excluding Idumea). The eastern side of the Jordan, known later as Transjordan ("across the Jordan"), or Perea, and now is simply known as Jordan.
  5. 5. Judea Beyond The Jordan
  6. 6. Matthew 19:2 and large crowds followed Him, and He healed them there.
  7. 7. Matthew 19:3-12, DIVORCE • Matthew 5:31 "It was said, 'WHOEVER SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY, LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE';
  8. 8. Matthew 19:3, • Matthew 19:3 Some Pharisees came to Jesus, testing Him and asking, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?" • The Net Bible note is, “The question of the Pharisees was anything but sincere; they were asking it to test him. Jesus was now in the jurisdiction of Herod Antipas (i.e., Judea and beyond the Jordan) and it is likely that the Pharisees were hoping he might answer the question of divorce in a way similar to John the Baptist and so suffer the same fate as John, i.e., death at the hands of Herod (cf. Mat 14:1-12). Jesus answered the question not on the basis of rabbinic custom and the debate over Deu 24:1, but rather from the account of creation and God's original design.”
  9. 9. Matthew 19:3, Divorce For Any Reason • Matthew 19:3 …"Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?" • The question of divorce was the basis of a huge rabbinic debate for a long time. • Center of the meaning of “indecency in her”; • Deuteronomy 24:1 "When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out from his house,
  10. 10. Deuteronomy 24:1, • 06172 `ervah {er-vaw'} • Meaning: 1) nakedness, nudity, shame, pudenda 1a) pudenda (implying shameful exposure) 1b) nakedness of a thing, indecency, improper behaviour 1c) exposed, undefended (fig.) • Origin: from 06168; TWOT - 1692b; n f • Usage: AV - nakedness 50, nakedness + 01320 1, shame 1, unclean 1, uncleanness 1; 54 • Notes: • 1 some...: Heb. matter of nakedness
  11. 11. Deuteronomy 24:1, “ervah” in English • CSB finds something improper about her • NAU ESV NAS found some indecency in her • NET found something offensive in her • KJV NKJ found some uncleanness in her • YLT found in her nakedness of anything…
  12. 12. Deuteronomy 24:1, “ervah” in Greek • Greek = “aschaymown” • Gingrich, • ἄςχημον adjective normal accusative neuter singular no degree from ἀςχήμων • [GING] ἀςχήμων ἀςχήμων, ον shameful, unpresentable. τὰ ἀ. the private parts 1 Cor 12:23.* [pg 29]
  13. 13. Matthew 19:5, Become One Flesh
  14. 14. Matthew 19:5, Become One Flesh • Bad Time to Flirt • My husband was performing a wedding, and I was the organist. Everything went smoothly until the end, when he forgot the line, "You may now kiss the bride." The awkward silence was broken by me trying to cue my husband with kissing noises. It got his attention, but it didn't sink in. • Afterward he told me he thought I was picking an unusual time to flirt with him. Janice Reese
  15. 15. Matthew 19:7-8, “GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE” • Edward E. Henson says, "God's original plan for marriage should guide us, not a loophole created by conditions of the fall. One may infer that other regulations were treated similarly. For example, the regulation that requires one to return someone's ox if he sees it running loose (Exod. 23:4) was not permission To allow one's ox to run loose, knowing it would be returned. It was a concession to a less than ideal situation. In the same way, Moses' prescription for divorce was not permission to divorce for any reason whatever. It was a concession to reality. Jesus affirmed this and upheld the ideal.” Edward E. Henson’s, King James Version Commentary New Testament, on page 56
  16. 16. Matthew 19:7, CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE • Next 3 slides are from Eric Peterman’s Divorce & Remarriage -Part 3,
  17. 17. Divorce & Remarriage -Part 3 Remarriage: Seeking to understand Jesus and the apostles in their cultural, historical, legal and literary contexts
  18. 18. What about remarriage? •Nope: Not THE Joseph and Mary – it is from AD 72. They would be too old. Anyway, both Joseph and Mary are very common names - this says: “you are free on your part to go and become the wife of any Jewish man that you wish. And this is to be for you from me a writ of divorce and a get of release.” - lets look at the divorce certificate of Joseph and Mary, found at Masada.
  19. 19. What about remarriage? Read the small print. Read an actual divorce certificate from circa the time of Christ - a Jewish divorce certificate says: “You are now free to marry anyone you wish” - there’s lots more in most divorce certificates, but these are the only necessary words. - In other words, the essence of the divorce certificate was the right to remarry
  20. 20. www.compass.org, On Divorce • “NOTE: A spouse in adultery does not give a "green light" for divorce in the Church Age. The statement Jesus made, "except for immorality," was to the Jews under law, who did not have the power of the Holy Spirit living in them. Our instructions in the Church Age, where we do have the power of the Holy Spirit living in us, say we can do "all thing through Christ Who strengthens me." Men are told to love their wives like Christ loves the Church," so that certainly rules out divorce! • There ARE situations that call for a woman or a man to leave the home to escape physical or emotional damage. But divorce is NEVER an option! We state publicly in our marriage vows "for better or worse." Sometimes God allows "worse," but we have the promise that "all things work together for good..." • As a balance to the above, we wrote an article in a past Compass Communique' titled "Christians and Divorce." It deals with people who have been divorced and how they are NOT second class Christians! Their sins were nailed to the cross like the sins of everyone else. You can download that Communique (Fall 2007) by clicking the "Compass Communique" logo in the center of our home page: www.compass.org “
  21. 21. Marriage and Divorce Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2006 Edited by Dave Kooyers, April 2012
  22. 22. I. A Biblical View of Marriage A. The Nature of Marriage 2. It involves a covenant before God “Because the LORD has been witness Between you and the wife of your youth. With whom you have dealt treacherously; Yet she is your companion And your wife by covenant” (Mal. 2:14). God is a “witness” of all marriages, even those by unbelievers.
  23. 23. I. A Biblical View of Marriage A. The Nature of Marriage 3. It involves physical union (cont.) “Nevertheless, because of sexual immorality, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband…. The wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband does. And likewise the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does” (1 Cor. 7:2-4).
  24. 24. Bible Knowledge Commentary, DLK • Matthew 19:3 …for any cause at all?“ • “…Pharisees sought to test Jesus through a question: Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason? The nation was divided over this issue. Followers of Hillel felt a man could divorce his wife for almost any reason, but others, following Shammai, thought one could not divorce his wife unless she were guilty of sexual offense. Without getting involved in the Hillel-Shammai controversy Jesus reminded the religious leaders of God's original purpose in establishing the marriage bond. God made people male and female iv. 4; …
  25. 25. Bible Knowledge Commentary, DLK • “Ge 1:27). In marriage He joins them together in an inseparable bond. This bond is a higher calling than the parent-child relationship, for a man is to leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife in a one-flesh relationship (Ge 2:24). Therefore what God has joined together, men ought not separate (chorizeto; in 1 Co 7:10 this word means "to divorce").
  26. 26. Mat 19:7, Except For Immorality, DLK • Matthew 19:9…except for immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.“ • 4202 πορνεία porneia {por-ni'-ah} • Meaning: 1) illicit sexual intercourse 1a) adultery, fornication, homosexuality, lesbianism, interco urse with animals etc. 1b) sexual intercourse with close relatives; Lev. 18 1c) sexual intercourse with a divorced man or woman; Mk. 10:11,12 2) metaph. the worship of idols 2a) of the defilement of idolatry, as incurred by eating the sacrifices offered to idols
  27. 27. II. Several Views on Divorce A. Christian Agreement on Divorce B. Christian Disagreement on Divorce 1. There are many grounds for divorce. 2. There is one grounds for divorce. 3. There are no grounds for divorce.
  28. 28. Matthew lists one exception--fornication Jesus said, “I say unto you, whoever divorces his wife except for fornication, and marries another, commits adultery” (Matt. 19:9). Jesus repeats this: “But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except for fornication causes her to commit adultery...” (Matt. 5:32). Response: (1) “Fornication” (Gk: porneia) differs from “adultery” (moikatai). (2) Fornication can refer to sexual sin before marriage (Acts 15:20; Rom. 1:29) that justifies annulling it, as Jewish law allowed (Deut. 22:13-19).
  29. 29. Bible Knowledge Commentary, DLK • “Bible scholars differ over the meaning of this "exception clause," found only in Matthew's Gospel. The word for "marital unfaithfulness" is porneia • .(1) Some feel Jesus used this as a synonym for adultery (moicheia). Therefore adultery by either partner in a marriage is the only sufficient grounds for a marriage to end in divorce. Among those holding this view, some believe remarriage is possible but others believe remarriage should never occur. • (2) Others define porneia as a sexual offense that could occur only in the betrothal period when a Jewish man and woman were considered married but had not yet
  30. 30. Bible Knowledge Commentary, DLK • “consummated their coming marriage with sexual intercourse. If in this period the woman was found pregnant (as was Mary; 1:18-19), a divorce could occur in order to break the contract. • (3) Still others believe the term porneia referred to illegitimate marriages within prohibited degrees of kinship, as in Lev 18:6-18. If a man discovered that his wife was a near relative, he would actually be involved in an incestuous marriage. Then this would be a justifiable grounds for divorce. Some say this meaning of porneia is found in Ac 15:20,29 (cf. 1 Co 5:1).
  31. 31. Bible Knowledge Commentary, DLK 4) Another view is that porneia refers to a relentless, persistent, unrepentant lifestyle of sexual unfaithfulness (different from a one-time act of illicit relations). (In the NT porneia is broader than moicheia). Such a continued practice would thus be the basis for divorce, since such unfaithful and unrelenting conduct would have broken the marriage bond. (On the subject of divorce and remarriage, see comments on 1 Cor 7:10-16.) • Whatever view one takes on the exception clause, Jesus obviously affirmed the permanence of marriage. Those who heard His words understood Him in this way, for they reasoned that if there were no grounds for divorce
  32. 32. Bible Knowledge Commentary, DLK one would be better off never to marry. But this was not what Jesus intended, for God has given marriage to people for their betterment (Ge 2:18). Marriage should be a deterrent to lustful sin and to unfaithfulness (1 Co 7:2). But a few either do not have normal sexual desires (they were born eunuchs or were castrated), or are able to control those desires for the furtherance of God's program on the earth (Mt 19:12; cf. 1 Co 7:7-8,26). But not all are able to accept the single role (Mt 19:11)….
  33. 33. Joseph Her Husband…Righteous, DLK • Divorce is never called “sin” • It does not make any of the lists (Rev 21:8); • 1 Corinthians 6:9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, 10 nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and in the Spirit of our God.
  34. 34. A Righteous Man Betrothed
  35. 35. Joseph Her Husband…Righteous, DLK • Matthew 19:9 • Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows. When His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit. And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man, and not wanting to disgrace her, desired to put her away secretly.
  36. 36. Matthew 1:19, A Righteous Man • Matthew 1:19 And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man … • 1342 δίκαιοσ dikaios {dik'-ah-yos} • Meaning: 1) righteous, observing divine laws 1a) in a wide sense, upright, righteous, virtuous, keeping the commands of God…
  37. 37. Matthew 1:19, Send Her Away • Matthew 1:19 And Joseph…not wanting to disgrace her, planned to send her away secretly. • Joseph planned on giving her a “certificate of divorce ” • Deuteronomy 24:1 "When…he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out from his house, • But Joseph wasn’t going to have her brought to the gate of that city and stoned to death. • Deuteronomy 22:24 then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city and you shall stone them to death
  38. 38. Joseph Considered But In A Dream
  39. 39. Conclusion Divorce is never desirable, but always forgivable. a. It is never desirable. 1) God hates it (Mal. 2:16). 2) God condemns it (Matt. 19:6). 3) God only permitted it because of sin (Matt. 19:8). b. It is always forgivable. 1. There is only one unpardonable sin (Mt. 12:32). 2. And divorce is not it (Jer. 3:1-14). God says of Himself in Jeremiah 3:8 "And I saw that for all the adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a writ of divorce…”
  40. 40. Divorce is Forgivable! “Have you seen what backsliding Israel has done? She has gone up on every mountain and under every green tree, and there played the harlot.… Then I saw that for all the causes for which back- sliding Israel had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her a certificate of divorce…. Return, backsliding Israel, says the LORD and I will not cause My anger to fall on you.... Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you have transgressed against the LORD your God…. Return, O back- sliding children, says the LORD, for I am married to you…” (Jer. 3:6-14).
  41. 41. “Go your way and sin no more!”
  42. 42. Matthew 19:6, Make it Last! • Matthew 19:6 "So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate." • In every marriage more than a week old, there are grounds for divorce. The trick is to find, and continue to find, grounds for marriage. Robert Anderson
  43. 43. Matthew 19:13, Children Were Brought To Him • Matthew 19:13 Then some children were brought to Him so that He might lay His hands on them and pray; and the disciples rebuked them.
  44. 44. Matthew 19:17, One Who Is Good • Matthew 19:17 And He said to him, "Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.“ • Here’s his big chance; • Matthew 16:16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.“ • Nope, he blew it
  45. 45. Matthew 19:18-19, "Which ones?" • Matthew 19:18 …"Which ones?" … • MacArthur Study Bible says "These are 5 of the 6 commandments that make up the second table of the Ten Commandments, all dealing with human relationships… Christ omitted the 10th commandment, which deals with covetousness, and added Lev. 19:18, the summation of the second half of the Decalogue…”
  46. 46. Matthew 19:21, Stewards, Wealth • Do you suppose that if Jesus had $100,000 and a 401k, and knowing that there are kids starving in China, and Africa, He would be concerned with; • What kind of car should I buy? Or how many bathrooms should I get in my new house? • 1 Corinthians 4:2 In this case, moreover, it is required of stewards that one be found trustworthy. • 1 Peter 4:10 As each one has received a special gift, employ it in serving one another as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. • Proverbs 3:9 Honor the LORD from your wealth And from the first of all your produce;
  47. 47. Everybody Should Get Rich And Famous • Matthew 19:23…it is hard for a rich man to enter… • I think everybody should get rich and famous and do everything they ever dreamed of so they can see that it's not the answer. Jim Carrey • Hard but not impossible; • Genesis 26:12-14…Isaac…continued to grow richer until he became very wealthy… • Luke 19:2 And there was a man called by the name of Zaccheus; he was a chief tax collector and he was rich • Psalm 49:16-19 Do not be afraid when a man becomes rich…
  48. 48. Matthew 19:23, Why Is It Hard For A Rich Man To Enter Heaven?
  49. 49. Matthew 19:23, Why Is It Hard For A Rich Man To Enter Heaven? • Proverbs 18:11-12 A rich man's wealth is his strong city, And like a high wall in his own… • Please turn to 1 Timothy 6:6-11 • The good news for all Americans; • Proverbs 22:2 The rich and the poor have a common bond, The LORD is the maker of them all. • 1 Corinthians 1:26…there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble; • So, all you rich Americans; • 1 Timothy 6:18 …be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share,
  50. 50. Matthew 19:24, Eye Of A Needle
  51. 51. Ken Davis says it’s funny
  52. 52. Ken Davis says it’s funny
  53. 53. Matthew 19:24, Eye Of A Needle • The Archaeological Study Bible says, “As illustrative as these theories are, they in fact diminish the force of Jesus' words. The point is not that salvation is difficult without God but that it is impossible without him. Jesus contrast of the largest animal known in Palestine with the smallest of holes created a vivid and memorable illustration. The fact that modern day gates have been so named can most likely be attributed to the influence of this and similar statements within the Talmud and the Koran. In other words, the term "needle’s eye gate" most likely did not precede the teaching; rather, the popularity of the term evidently came about because of the teaching.… Bible readers do not do well to beware of legendary, pseudo – archaeological interpretations, which can be quite misleading and even distort or undermine the true meaning of a Biblical text."
  54. 54. Matthew 19:27, Count The Cost
  55. 55. Matthew 19:27, Count The Cost • Matthew 19:27 …we have left everything and followed You… • Being a Christian can mean having to make hard choices. • Your loyalty to Jesus must exceed even your loyalty to your family. • Please turn to Luke 12:51-53 • Please turn to Luke 14:26 • Luke 9:62 But Jesus said to him, "No one, after putting his hand to the plow and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God." • Our Lord and Savior, Jesus, is warning His followers to count the cost to be sure it's worth the price.
  56. 56. Matthew 19:27, We Left Everything And Followed You • Matthew 19:27 …we have left everything and followed You… • Jesus didn’t rebuke Peter, for bringing up their sacrifice, or their expectation of rewards. • Revelation 22:12 "Behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to render to every man according to what he has done.
  57. 57. Snowy Night, Moscow, Russia. THE END
  58. 58. Everybody Should Get Rich And Famous • I think everybody should get rich and famous and do everything they ever dreamed of so they can see that it's not the answer. Jim Carrey • Genesis 26:12-14…Isaac…continued to grow richer until he became very wealthy… • Psalm 49:16-19 Do not be afraid when a man becomes rich… • Proverbs 18:11-12 A rich man's wealth is his strong city, And like a high wall in his own… • Proverbs 22:2 The rich and the poor have a common bond, The LORD is the maker of them all. • Hosea 12:8 And Ephraim said, "Surely I have become rich, I have found wealth for myself; In all my labors they will find in me No iniquity, which would be sin.“ • Matthew 19:23 And Jesus said to His disciples, "Truly I say to you, it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven. • Luke 19:2 And there was a man called by the name of Zaccheus; he was a
  59. 59. 1 Timothy 6:6-11 1 Timothy 6:6-11 But godliness actually is a means of great gain when accompanied by contentment. • 7 For we have brought nothing into the world, so we cannot take anything out of it either. • 8 If we have food and covering, with these we shall be content. • 9 But those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a snare and many foolish and harmful desires which plunge men into ruin and destruction. • 10 For the love of money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs. • 11 But flee from these things, you man of God, and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, perseverance and gentleness.
  60. 60. Mat 19:9, Commits Adultery, DLK • Matthew 19:9…commits adultery.“ • Matthew 19:3 …for any cause at all?“ • Divorce and Remarriage • in the Bible and in the Church • The conclusions: • The Bible's message for those suffering within marriage is both realistic and loving • Marriage should be lifelong, but broken marriage vows can be grounds for divorce • Biblical grounds for divorce include adultery, abuse and abandonment • Jesus urged forgiveness but allowed divorce for repeated unrepentant breaking of marriage vows • Only the victim, not the purpetrator of such sins, should decide when or whether to divorce • Anyone who divorces on bibical grounds or who is divorced against their will can remarry. • Very quick summary: This book interprets the words of Jesus and Paul through the eyes of first century readers who knew about the ‘Any Cause’ divorce which Jesus was asked about ("Is it lawful to divorce for ‘Any Cause’" – Mt.19.3). Christians in following generations forgot about the ‘Any Cause’ divorce and misunderstood Jesus. • The 'Any Cause' divorce was invented by some Pharisees who divided up the phrase "a cause of indecency" (Dt.24.1) into two grounds for divorce: "indecency" (porneia which they interpreted as ‘Adultery’) and "a cause" (ie ‘Any Cause’). Jesus said the phrase could not be split up and that it meant "nothing except porneia". Although almost everyone was using this new type of divorce, Jesus told them that it was invalid, so remarriage was adulterous because they were still married.
  61. 61. Lavender Field France

Editor's Notes

  • Matthew 5:31-32 Deuteronomy 21:10-14, 22:19, 29, 24:1 1 Corinthians 7:11-20 Mark 10:2-12
  • The Net Bible note,Matthew 19:3
  • Mark 10:8 1 Corinthians 6:16 Ephesians 5:31
  • Janice Reese, Kingston, Oklahoma. Christian Reader, "Rolling Down the Aisle.“Mark 10:8 1 Corinthians 6:16 Ephesians 5:31
  • Edward E. Henson’s, King James Version Commentary New Testament, on page 56
  • www.compass.org , QUESTION FOR THE DAY,ANSWER:
  • (from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
  • Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2006Edited by Dave Kooyers, April 2012
  • Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2006Edited by Dave Kooyers, April 2012
  • (from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
  • Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2006Edited by Dave Kooyers, April 2012
  • Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2006Edited by Dave Kooyers, April 2012
  • Mark 12:19 Luke 20:28 1 Corinthians 7:1, 9 Isaiah 62:5
  • Luke 18:16 Mark 10:13
  • MacArthur Study Bible on page 1428 says
  • Zephaniah 1:13 Haggai 2:7 Matthew 6:24 Proverbs 3:9 2 Chronicles 1:11 Psalm 49:6 1 Peter 4:10 Ezekiel 7:11 Luke 16:11 Matthew 19:21 Mark 10:21 Luke 18:22 1 Corinthians 4:2, 13:3, Galatians 2:10 Romans 15:26
  • The Archaeological Study Bible on page 1594 Luke 18:25 Mark 10:25
  • The Archaeological Study Bible on page 1594 Luke 18:25 Mark 10:25
  • The Archaeological Study Bible on page 1594 Luke 18:25 Mark 10:25
  • The Archaeological Study Bible on page 1594 Luke 18:25 Mark 10:25
  • Luke 12:51 Luke 9:59-62
  • Luke 12:51 Luke 9:59-62
  • Luke 12:51 Luke 9:59-62
  • ×