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Mark 12
Jesus Teaches The Parable Of God's Tenant Farmers (Israel)
Jesus Teaches About Paying Taxes To Caesar, Or Not
Jesu...
Let’s Open To Mark 12:1-12
• Mark 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant
farmers (Israel)
• Mark 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, o...
Mark 12:1
• Mark 12:1 And He began to speak to them in
parables: "A man PLANTED A VINEYARD AND PUT
A WALL AROUND IT, AND D...
God Put A Wall Around Israel
• Job 1:10 "Have You not made a hedge about him and his
house and all that he has, on every s...
Mark 12:1, Put A Wall Around It
• If God “PUT A WALL AROUND IT” and the “it” is Israel, why have
then been so persecuted?
...
Mark 12:1, Put A Wall Around It
• Why is Israel so persecuted?
• Because God made another promise to them, an if/then prom...
Mark 12:10 Have You Not Even Read?
Mark 12:10,
Have You Read The Scriptures
• Mark 12:10 "Have you not even read this Scripture:
'THE STONE WHICH THE BUILDER...
Mark 12:10,
Have You Read The Scriptures
• Hudson Taylor said, “I can seldom read
scripture now without tears of joy and
g...
Mark 12:10,
The Rejected Chief Corner Stone
• Mark 12:10…REJECTED…CHIEF CORNER stone;
• Psalm 118:20 This is the gate of t...
Let’s Read Mark 12:13-17
• Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel)
• Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or no...
Mar 12:13, Paying Taxes Or Not
• Romans 13:3
• “ …For rulers are … a minister of God to you for good.
But if you do what i...
Mark 12:15, Denarius
• Mark 12:15 …Bring Me a denarius to look at."
• 1220 δηνάριον denarion {day-nar'-ee-on}
• Meaning: d...
Mark 12:16, Whose Image, Likeness?
• Mark 12:16 They brought one. And He said to
them, "Whose likeness and inscription is
...
Mark 12:16, Whose Image, Likeness?
• Mark 12:16 …Whose likeness and inscription is this?…
• Zechariah 3:8…I am going to br...
Let’s Read Mark 12:18-27
• Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel)
• Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or no...
Mark 12:18, Sadducees
• Mark 12:18 Some Sadducees (who say that there is no
resurrection) came to Jesus, and began questio...
Mark 12:19
• Mark 12:19 "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that IF
A MAN'S BROTHER DIES and leaves behind a wife
AND LEAVES NO C...
Mark 12:22, All Seven Left No Children
• Mark 12:22 and so all seven left no children. Last of all the woman
died also.
• ...
Mark 12:24,
Understanding The Scriptures
• Mark 12:24 Jesus said to them, "Is this not the reason
you are mistaken, that y...
Mark 12:24, Mistaken
• Mark 12:24 Jesus said
to them, "Is this not
the reason you are
mistaken, that you do
not understand...
Mark 12:25
…in heaven
Mark 12:26, Verbally Plenary Inerrant
• Mark 12:26 "But regarding the fact that the dead rise
again, have you not read in ...
Let’s Read Mark 12:28-34
• Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel)
• Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or no...
Mark 12:30, LOVE THE LORD
• Mark 12:30 AND YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR
GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR
SOUL, A...
Matthew 22:37
• Matthew 22:37 And He said to him, "'YOU
SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL
YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOU...
Let’s Read Mark 12:35-36
• Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel)
• Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or no...
Mark 12:36, Enemies
• Mark 12:36 "David himself said in the Holy Spirit, 'THE
LORD SAID TO MY LORD, "SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND,...
Let’s Read Mark 12:38-40
• Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel)
• Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or no...
Mark 12:38, Phylacteries Found
• Nine newfound penny-sized pieces of parchment belonging to the
Dead Sea Scrolls laid unop...
Mark 12:38, Phylacteries Found
• Period between the years of 530 BC and 70, an era named for a
holy place of worship for t...
Mark 12:38,
Phylacteries
Found
Let’s Read Mark 12:41-44
• Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel)
• Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or no...
Deuteronomy
6:5 "You shall
love the LORD…
with all your
might [mites?].
Mark 12:30, All She Owned
• Mark 12:44 for they all put in out of their surplus, but
she, out of her poverty, put in all s...
Mark 12:31, LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS
YOURSELF
• Ravi Zacharias makes a very important, valid
point concerning, the theistic i...
Mark 12:31, Love Your Neighbor, How?
Let’s open to Romans 12
• Romans 12:14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and do
no...
Mark 12:34, Gentile proselytes from a
Far Country
• 1 Kings 8:41 "Also concerning the foreigner who is not
of Thy people I...
THE END
• A man in a corral shears
whiteface sheep near a curving
country road in Devon, England,
1968.PHOTOGRAPH BY TED S...
God's Revelation to Man: Integrity of
the Bible
• God's Revelation to Man: Integrity of the Bible
• Posted: 05 Dec 2013 06...
Mark 12:38, Phylacteries Found
• Nine newfound penny-sized pieces of parchment belonging to the Dead Sea Scrolls laid unop...
Mark 12, god's farmers israel, paying taxes, resurrection and marriage, greatest commandment, messiah, wall around israel ...
Mark 12, god's farmers israel, paying taxes, resurrection and marriage, greatest commandment, messiah, wall around israel ...
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Mark 12, god's farmers israel, paying taxes, resurrection and marriage, greatest commandment, messiah, wall around israel forever, have you not read, corner stone, whose image, sadducees, kinsman redeemer, ss

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Mark 12, Jesus teaches about God's tenant farmers (Israel), paying taxes to Caesar, resurrection and marriage, The Greatest Commandments, the deity of The Messiah, religious experts, God put a wall around Israel forever, have you not read the scriptures, rejected Chief Corner Stone, whose image, Sadducees, Kinsman Redeemer, verbal plenary inerrancy, Gentile proselytes, enemies, offerings and contributions, phylacteries found, Scripture, mistaken, Image, likeness

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Mark 12, god's farmers israel, paying taxes, resurrection and marriage, greatest commandment, messiah, wall around israel forever, have you not read, corner stone, whose image, sadducees, kinsman redeemer, ss

  1. 1. Mark 12 Jesus Teaches The Parable Of God's Tenant Farmers (Israel) Jesus Teaches About Paying Taxes To Caesar, Or Not Jesus Teaches About The Resurrection And Marriage Jesus Teaches About The Greatest Commandments Jesus Teaches About The Deity Of The Messiah Jesus Warns About The Religious Experts Jesus Teaches About Offerings And Contributions The snow-flecked Isis Temple rock formation rises from the Grand Canyon, 1969. PHOTOGRAPH BY WALTER MEAYERS EDWARDS, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Mark 12, God put a wall around Israel forever, have you not read the Scriptures, rejected Chief Corner Stone, whose image, Sadducees, Kinsman Redeemer, verbal plenary inerrancy, Gentile proselytes, enemies, offerings and contributions, phylacteries found, Scripture, mistaken, Image, likeness
  2. 2. Let’s Open To Mark 12:1-12 • Mark 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel) • Mark 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or not • Mark 12:18 Jesus teaches about marriage and the resurrection • Mark 12:28 The Greatest Commandments • Mark 12:35 Jesus confronts with deity of The Messiah: David's Son, and Lord • Mark 12:38 Jesus warns about religious experts in the law • Mark 12:41 Jesus teaches about offerings and contributions
  3. 3. Mark 12:1 • Mark 12:1 And He began to speak to them in parables: "A man PLANTED A VINEYARD AND PUT A WALL AROUND IT, AND DUG A VAT UNDER THE WINE PRESS AND BUILT A TOWER, and rented it out to vine-growers and went on a journey. • God “PUT A WALL AROUND” Israel • Psalm 125:2 As the mountains surround Jerusalem, So the LORD surrounds His people From this time forth and forever. • How long?
  4. 4. God Put A Wall Around Israel • Job 1:10 "Have You not made a hedge about him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land. • KJV Ezekiel 13:5 Ye have not gone up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD. • KJV Ezekiel 22:30 And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none. • Hosea 2:6 "Therefore, behold, I will hedge up her way with thorns, And I will build a wall against her so that she cannot find her paths.
  5. 5. Mark 12:1, Put A Wall Around It • If God “PUT A WALL AROUND IT” and the “it” is Israel, why have then been so persecuted? • Luke 19:43 "For the days will come upon you when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, and surround you and hem you in on every side, • CSB Zechariah 12:2 "Look, I will make Jerusalem a cup that causes staggering for the peoples who surround the city. The siege against Jerusalem will also involve Judah. • Amos 3:11 Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD, "An enemy, even one surrounding the land, Will pull down your strength from you And your citadels will be looted.“ • Ezekiel 5:6 But she has rebelled against My ordinances with more wickedness than the nations, and against My statutes more than the countries that surround her. For her people have rejected My ordinances and have not walked in My statutes.
  6. 6. Mark 12:1, Put A Wall Around It • Why is Israel so persecuted? • Because God made another promise to them, an if/then promise; • Deuteronomy 28:1-14,… 1 "Now it shall be, if you diligently obey the LORD your God, being careful to do all His commandments which I command you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth…. • Deuteronomy 28:15-68,… 15 "But it shall come about, if you do not obey the LORD your God, to observe to do all His commandments and His statutes with which I charge you today, that all these curses will come upon you and overtake you… 64 "Moreover, the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other end of the earth; and there you shall serve other gods, wood and stone, which you or your fathers have not known…. • The land would always be theirs, but they would not always be blessed, or have possession of it.
  7. 7. Mark 12:10 Have You Not Even Read?
  8. 8. Mark 12:10, Have You Read The Scriptures • Mark 12:10 "Have you not even read this Scripture: 'THE STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS REJECTED, THIS BECAME THE CHIEF CORNER stone; • Mark 12:26…have you not read in the book of Moses… • God has condescended to become an author, and yet people will not read his writings. There are very few that ever gave this Book of God, the grand charter of salvation, one fair reading through. George Whitefield (1714 -1770, English evangelist and prominent preacher in the Great Awakening)
  9. 9. Mark 12:10, Have You Read The Scriptures • Hudson Taylor said, “I can seldom read scripture now without tears of joy and gratitude.” • KJV Psalm 119:11 Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. • This phrase “Thy word” occurs 36 X’s in the KJV of Psalm 119. Twelve times more use in one chapter, than in any other book entire book of the KJV.
  10. 10. Mark 12:10, The Rejected Chief Corner Stone • Mark 12:10…REJECTED…CHIEF CORNER stone; • Psalm 118:20 This is the gate of the LORD; The righteous will enter through it. 21 I shall give thanks to You, for You have answered me, And You have become my salvation [yeshuah]. 22 The stone which the builders rejected [at least 6 N.T. uses to Jesus] Has become the chief corner stone. 23 This is the LORD'S doing; It is marvelous in our eyes. 24 This is the day which the LORD has made; Let us rejoice and be glad in it. 25 O LORD, do save [root of yeshuah], we beseech You; O LORD, we beseech You, do send prosperity! 26 Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the LORD [Matthew 23:39, John 5:43]. ; We have blessed you from the house of the LORD.
  11. 11. Let’s Read Mark 12:13-17 • Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel) • Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or not • Mar 12:18 Jesus teaches about marriage and the resurrection • Mar 12:28 The Greatest Commandments • Mar 12:35 Jesus confronts with deity of The Messiah: David's Son, and Lord • Mar 12:38 Jesus warns about religious experts in the law • Mar 12:41 Jesus teaches about offerings and contributions
  12. 12. Mar 12:13, Paying Taxes Or Not • Romans 13:3 • “ …For rulers are … a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil. 5 Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of wrath, but also for conscience' sake. 6 For because of this you also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to this very thing. 7 Render to all what is due them: tax to whom tax is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor. 8 Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law…”
  13. 13. Mark 12:15, Denarius • Mark 12:15 …Bring Me a denarius to look at." • 1220 δηνάριον denarion {day-nar'-ee-on} • Meaning: denarius = "containing ten" 1) A Roman silver coin in NT time. It took its name from it being equal to ten "asses", a number after 217 B.C. increased to sixteen (about 3.898 grams or .1375 oz.). It was the principal silver coin of the Roman empire. From the parable of the labourers in the vineyard, it would seem that a denarius was then the ordinary pay for a day's wages. (Mt. 20:2-13) • Origin: of Latin origin;…
  14. 14. Mark 12:16, Whose Image, Likeness? • Mark 12:16 They brought one. And He said to them, "Whose likeness and inscription is this?" And they said to Him, "Caesar's.” • Jesus is making the point that if it’s got his image on it, it must be his. • The coin with the image of Cesar should have reminded the Jews that they were made in the image of God and should have rendered unto God themselves
  15. 15. Mark 12:16, Whose Image, Likeness? • Mark 12:16 …Whose likeness and inscription is this?… • Zechariah 3:8…I am going to bring in My servant the Branch. 9 'For behold, the stone that I have set before Joshua [Yehoshua]; on one stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave an inscription on it,' declares the LORD of hosts, 'and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day [not yet]. 10 'In that day [not yet],' declares the LORD of hosts, 'every one of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his vine and under his fig tree.'“ • Rev 9:4…have the seal of God on their foreheads. • Ephesians 4:30, 1:13 …you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise… [2 Corinthians 1:22, 3:18 , Romans 8:29]
  16. 16. Let’s Read Mark 12:18-27 • Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel) • Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or not • Mar 12:18 Jesus teaches about marriage and the resurrection • Mar 12:28 The Greatest Commandments • Mar 12:35 Jesus confronts with deity of The Messiah: David's Son, and Lord • Mar 12:38 Jesus warns about religious experts in the law • Mar 12:41 Jesus teaches about offerings and contributions
  17. 17. Mark 12:18, Sadducees • Mark 12:18 Some Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) came to Jesus, and began questioning Him, saying, • 4523 Σαδδουκαῖος Saddoukaios {sad-doo-kah'-yos} • Meaning: Sadducees = "the righteous" 1) a religious party at the time of Christ among the Jews, who denied that the oral law was a revelation of God to the Israelites, and who deemed the written law alone to be obligatory on the nation, as the divine authority. They denied the following doctrines: 1a) resurrection of the body 1b) immortality of the soul 1c) existence of spirits and angels 1d) divine predestination, affirmed free will
  18. 18. Mark 12:19 • Mark 12:19 "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that IF A MAN'S BROTHER DIES and leaves behind a wife AND LEAVES NO CHILD, HIS BROTHER SHOULD MARRY THE WIFE AND RAISE UP CHILDREN TO HIS BROTHER. • Robert Anderson says, “In every marriage more than a week old, there are grounds for divorce. The trick is to find, and continue to find, grounds for marriage.” • DLK adds, “And probably grounds for justifiable homicide.” • There are also grounds for this re-marriage
  19. 19. Mark 12:22, All Seven Left No Children • Mark 12:22 and so all seven left no children. Last of all the woman died also. • Providing heirs was the purpose of this law. So that no Jewish bloodline, or family name, would become extinct. • Ruth, Ruth 4:5-6 • Deuteronomy 25:5 "When brothers live together [unmarried?] and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a strange man. Her husband's brother shall go in to her and take her to himself as wife and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her. 6 "And it shall be that the first- born whom she bears shall assume the name of his dead brother, that his name may not be blotted out from Israel. • Genesis 38:9 Onan knew that the offspring would not be his… • Ruth 4:6 The closest relative said, "I cannot redeem it for myself, because I would jeopardize my own inheritance…
  20. 20. Mark 12:24, Understanding The Scriptures • Mark 12:24 Jesus said to them, "Is this not the reason you are mistaken, that you do not understand the Scriptures or the power of God? • Why do we come to study the Bible? • Psalm 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom; A good understanding have all those who do His commandments… • Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge… • Proverbs 9:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom, And the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.
  21. 21. Mark 12:24, Mistaken • Mark 12:24 Jesus said to them, "Is this not the reason you are mistaken, that you do not understand the Scriptures or the power of God?
  22. 22. Mark 12:25 …in heaven
  23. 23. Mark 12:26, Verbally Plenary Inerrant • Mark 12:26 "But regarding the fact that the dead rise again, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, 'I AM THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, AND THE GOD OF ISAAC, and the God of Jacob '? [Exodus 3:6] • Jesus considers the Word to be verbally plenary inerrant , even to the verb tenses • Like Paul did with singular/plural in Galatians 3:16, “Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, "And to seeds," as referring to many, but rather to one…”
  24. 24. Let’s Read Mark 12:28-34 • Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel) • Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or not • Mar 12:18 Jesus teaches about marriage and the resurrection • Mar 12:28 The Greatest Commandments • Mar 12:35 Jesus confronts with deity of The Messiah: David's Son, and Lord • Mar 12:38 Jesus warns about religious experts in the law • Mar 12:41 Jesus teaches about offerings and contributions
  25. 25. Mark 12:30, LOVE THE LORD • Mark 12:30 AND YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND, AND WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH.‘ • Luke 10:27 And he answered, "YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND; AND YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.“ • Deuteronomy 6:5 "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.
  26. 26. Matthew 22:37 • Matthew 22:37 And He said to him, "'YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND.'
  27. 27. Let’s Read Mark 12:35-36 • Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel) • Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or not • Mar 12:18 Jesus teaches about marriage and the resurrection • Mar 12:28 The Greatest Commandments • Mar 12:35 Jesus confronts with deity of The Messiah: David's Son, and Lord • Mar 12:38 Jesus warns about religious experts in the law • Mar 12:41 Jesus teaches about offerings and contributions
  28. 28. Mark 12:36, Enemies • Mark 12:36 "David himself said in the Holy Spirit, 'THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD, "SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I PUT YOUR ENEMIES BENEATH YOUR FEET."‘ • Ps 110 is quoted in the NT seven X’s, and this “right hand” of God referred to a couple of dozen X’s • Luke 1:74 To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies, Might serve Him without fear, • So, who is our worst enemy? • Beware of no man more than of yourself; we carry our worst enemies within us. Charles Spurgeon
  29. 29. Let’s Read Mark 12:38-40 • Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel) • Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or not • Mar 12:18 Jesus teaches about marriage and the resurrection • Mar 12:28 The Greatest Commandments • Mar 12:35 Jesus confronts with deity of The Messiah: David's Son, and Lord • Mar 12:38 Jesus warns about religious experts in the law • Mar 12:41 Jesus teaches about offerings and contributions
  30. 30. Mark 12:38, Phylacteries Found • Nine newfound penny-sized pieces of parchment belonging to the Dead Sea Scrolls laid unopened for nearly six decades before they were rediscovered in Israel. The scrolls went unnoticed for years until one scholar came across them while searching through the Israel Antiquities Authority's (IAA) storerooms, the Times of Israel reported. "Either they didn’t realize that these were also scrolls, or they didn’t know how to open them," the IAA's head of artefact treatment and conservation Pnina Shor explained. 'Either they didn’t realize that these were also scrolls, or they didn’t know how to open them.'- Pnina Shor, head of artefact treatment and conservation for the IAA. The tiny scrolls were found inside three phylacteries, small leather boxes with Biblical versus written on them (called tefillin) that are worn by Jews during their morning prayers. Their discoverer, Yonatan Adler, had the boxes scanned by an MRI at a hospital in Israel in hopes there would be parchment inside. He was right. Once unopened, the scrolls are expected to shed new light on the religious practices of the Jewish people during the Second Temple
  31. 31. Mark 12:38, Phylacteries Found • Period between the years of 530 BC and 70, an era named for a holy place of worship for the Jewish people that was constructed by the builder of ancient Jerusalem King Herod. The Dome of the Rock stands today where the Second Temple purportedly once stood. At least two dozen phylactery scrolls were discovered in the 1940s and 50 along with the rest of the Dead Sea Scrolls in a limestone cave in the West Bank's Qumran in Israel. "[I] found a number of fragments of tefillin cases from Qumran Cave 4, together with seven rolled-up [phylactery] slips," Adler told the Times of Israel. Until now, the scrolls remained bound inside the phylacteries for approximately 2,000 years. The IAA has been tasked with the difficult job of unrolling the scrolls without damaging them. “We’re going to do it slowly, but we’ll first consult with all of our experts about how to go about this,” said Schor, who would not reveal when the process would start. “We need to do a lot of research before we start doing this.” Remains of more than 900 religious manuscripts were found in 11 caves near the Dead Sea in the 1940s and 50s in Qumran. • http://www.foxnews.com/science/2014/03/12/nine-unopened-dead-sea-scrolls-found/?intcmp=features
  32. 32. Mark 12:38, Phylacteries Found
  33. 33. Let’s Read Mark 12:41-44 • Mar 12:1 The Parable of God's tenant farmers (Israel) • Mar 12:13 Paying taxes to Caesar, or not • Mar 12:18 Jesus teaches about marriage and the resurrection • Mar 12:28 The Greatest Commandments • Mar 12:35 Jesus confronts with deity of The Messiah: David's Son, and Lord • Mar 12:38 Jesus warns about religious experts in the law • Mar 12:41 Jesus teaches about offerings and contributions
  34. 34. Deuteronomy 6:5 "You shall love the LORD… with all your might [mites?].
  35. 35. Mark 12:30, All She Owned • Mark 12:44 for they all put in out of their surplus, but she, out of her poverty, put in all she owned, all she had to live on.“ [Luke 21:4, only 2 NAS uses of abundance, surplus] • 1 Kings 17:12-16… But she said, "As the LORD your God lives, I have no bread, only a handful of flour in the bowl and a little oil in the jar; and behold, I am gathering a few sticks that I may go in and prepare for me and my son, that we may eat it and die." • Mark 12:30 …LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD …WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH.‘ • Luke 10:27 And he answered, "YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD …WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH… • Deuteronomy 6:5 "You shall love the LORD …with all your might.
  36. 36. Mark 12:31, LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF • Ravi Zacharias makes a very important, valid point concerning, the theistic idea of a personal God, and “Whose Image, Likeness?” in; • Princeton University Open Forum Q&A • At 17 minutes 28 seconds in, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8XSa79s U0M
  37. 37. Mark 12:31, Love Your Neighbor, How? Let’s open to Romans 12 • Romans 12:14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. • Romans 12:17 Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men. • Romans 12:19 Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God… • Romans 12:20 "BUT IF YOUR ENEMY IS HUNGRY, FEED HIM, AND IF HE IS THIRSTY, GIVE HIM A DRINK; FOR IN SO DOING YOU WILL HEAP BURNING COALS ON HIS HEAD." 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. • Paul’s not talking about the neighbor you like when he says “ENEMY, evil.” • Leviticus 19:18 'You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.
  38. 38. Mark 12:34, Gentile proselytes from a Far Country • 1 Kings 8:41 "Also concerning the foreigner who is not of Thy people Israel, when he comes from a far country for Thy name's sake 42 (for they will hear of Thy great name and Thy mighty hand, and of Thine outstretched arm); when he comes and prays toward this house, 43 hear Thou in heaven Thy dwelling place, and do according to all for which the foreigner calls to Thee, in order that all the peoples of the earth may know Thy name, to fear Thee, as do Thy people Israel, and that they may know that this house which I have built is called by Thy name. • God is at home. We are in the far country. Meister Eckhart
  39. 39. THE END • A man in a corral shears whiteface sheep near a curving country road in Devon, England, 1968.PHOTOGRAPH BY TED SPIEGEL, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
  40. 40. God's Revelation to Man: Integrity of the Bible • God's Revelation to Man: Integrity of the Bible • Posted: 05 Dec 2013 06:00 AM PST • By Dr. David R. Reagan • Is it circular reasoning to say the Bible is the Word of God because the Bible says so? • Now, having said all of this, I want to pause to point out that I am aware of the fact that I am using the Bible to prove the Bible. I could thus be accused of circular reasoning: "the Bible is the Word of God because the Bible says so." • Therefore, I must take a moment to point out that you do not commit the error of circular reasoning when you use the Bible to prove the Bible. The reason is very simple. You see, the Bible is not one book! It is a collection of 66 books written by more than 40 authors over a period of 1,600 years. • Therefore, if you quote Jeremiah or Isaiah to substantiate Daniel, or if you quote Daniel to verify Revelation, you are not involved in circular reasoning. Instead, you are quoting altogether independent sources who happen to be bound together between the covers of the same book. Yet the paradox is that the more you read these books, the more you realize that the sources are not all that independent. • Internal Harmony • Here's my point — the authors of those 66 books came from every walk of life, including kings, peasants, philosophers, fishermen, poets, statesmen, scholars, tax collectors, farmers and medical doctors. They wrote in every conceivable place — palaces, dungeons, prisons, on islands, in the wilderness, in cities and in the midst of wars. They wrote in different moods, ranging from the heights of ecstacy to the depths of despair and sorrow. • They spoke on hundreds of controversial subjects. They wrote in three different languages. They utilized every conceivable literary style — history, law, poetry, biography, memoirs, letters, sermons, drama, parables, prophecy — you name it! • Yet, despite all this diversity, their writings interlock with a harmony and continuity from Genesis to Revelation that can only be explained by pointing to divine inspiration. • Other Evidence • I could present a lot of other evidence that the Bible is the authoritative Word of God, but space does not permit it. I will just mention a few points in passing. One is the wisdom of the Bible's message and the life-changing impact of that message upon millions of lives throughouthistory. Another is the detail of its historical records and their accuracy, as confirmed by archeology. • And then, of course, there is the remarkable survival of the Bible despite the efforts of so many to destroy it. The permanence of God's Word was attested by Isaiah when he wrote, "The grass withers, the flower fades, but the Word of our God stands forever"(Isaiah 40:8). • No book has been so widely sought after in the history of Mankind. It was the first book ever printed, and billions of copies have been printed since. It has been translated into more than 2,000 languages, and over 200 million copies are published each year. • Manuscript Integrity • Another significant factor is that no other group of documents from antiquity can even come close to matching the manuscripts the Bible is based on. The Jews were meticulous in their copying and preservation of scrolls as is attested by the Isaiah manuscript that was found among the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1948. That copy of Isaiah from the First Century revealed no significant differences from what is contained in our modern day Bibles. • The largest number of manuscripts of any ancient writing is 643 for the Iliad. The shortest manuscript time span (the interval between the oldest manuscript and the original writing) is 750 years for the Histories by Pliny the Younger. By comparison, the time span of the New Testament manuscripts is 250 years and the number of manuscripts exceeds 15,000! • Equally startling is the fact that if all these manuscripts were to disappear tomorrow, we could put together nearly all of the New Testament from sources older than the manuscripts. That's because the writings of the Church Fathers before 300 A.D. contain 36,289 quotes from the New Testament — including all but 11 verses.
  41. 41. Mark 12:38, Phylacteries Found • Nine newfound penny-sized pieces of parchment belonging to the Dead Sea Scrolls laid unopened for nearly six decades before they were rediscovered in Israel. • The scrolls went unnoticed for years until one scholar came across them while searching through the Israel Antiquities Authority's (IAA) storerooms, the Times of Israel reported. • "Either they didn’t realize that these were also scrolls, or they didn’t know how to open them," the IAA's head of artefact treatment and conservation Pnina Shor explained. • 'Either they didn’t realize that these were also scrolls, or they didn’t know how to open them.'- Pnina Shor, head of artefact treatment and conservation for the IAA • The tiny scrolls were found inside three phylacteries, small leather boxes with Biblical versus written on them (calledtefillin) that are worn by Jews during their morning prayers. Their discoverer, Yonatan Adler, had the boxes scanned by an MRI at a hospital in Israel in hopes there would be parchment inside. • He was right. • Once unopened, the scrolls are expected to shed new light on the religious practices of the Jewish people during the Second Temple Period between the years of 530 BC and 70, an era named for a holy place of worship for the Jewish people that was constructed by the builder of ancient Jerusalem King Herod. The Dome of the Rock stands today where the Second Temple purportedly once stood. • At least two dozen phylactery scrolls were discovered in the 1940s and 50 along with the rest of the Dead Sea Scrolls in a limestone cave in the West Bank's Qumran in Israel. • "[I] found a number of fragments of tefillin cases from Qumran Cave 4, together with seven rolled-up [phylactery] slips," Adler told the Times of Israel. • Until now, the scrolls remained bound inside the phylacteries for approximately 2,000 years. • The IAA has been tasked with the difficult job of unrolling the scrolls without damaging them. • “We’re going to do it slowly, but we’ll first consult with all of our experts about how to go about this,” said Schor, who would not reveal when the process would start. “We need to do a lot of research before we start doing this.” • Remains of more than 900 religious manuscripts were found in 11 caves near the Dead Sea in the 1940s and 50s in Qumran. • http://www.foxnews.com/science/2014/03/12/nine-unopened-dead-sea-scrolls-found/?intcmp=features

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