John MacArthur, http://www.biblebb.com/files/mac/90-215.htmhttp://cepa.newschool.edu/het/profiles/spencer.htmurHe is best known for coining the phrase "survival of the fittest,“, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Spencer
Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Broad brush overview What follows is an elaboration upon Gen. 1:1, fleshing it out. Filling in the details about what, when, & how God did Gen. 1:1.
Gen 1:2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.
Herbert Spencer (died in 1903) developed 5 “Categories of the Knowable” #1 Time #2 Forces #3 Action #4 Space #5 Matter
These 5 elements/aspects are addressed in Gen. 1:1-2; #1 Space #2 Time #3 Matter #4 Motion #5 Forces (Energy) Gen 1:1-2 In the beginning (#2 Time) God (#5 Forces/Energy) created the heavens (#1 Space ) and the earth (#3 Matter). 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering (#4 Motion) over the waters.
Refined time dilation model appears in Journal of Creation without fanfare, by Journal of Creation editorial staff Figure 1. By now, the waters above the heavens (Psalm 148:4) are probably a thin veil of ice particles, or scattered planet-sized spheres of water covered with thick crusts of ice. , Published: 25 June 2009(GMT+10) Unless you have attended one of Russ Humphreys’ seminars in the last few months, or else read the Journal of Creation cover to cover, you probably missed the birth of a new creation cosmology in the December 2008 issue. Quietly tucked into the back pages of an article by Dr. Humphreys on general relativity is a new answer to the light- transit-time problem—to explain how light traveled from the distant cosmos and reached Earth, all during one ordinary-length day on Earth, the fourth day of creation. Humphreys used an equation he derived in the August 2007 issue, a new solution to Einstein’s gravity equations. The new solution accounts for the effect of the “waters that are above the heavens” mentioned in Psalm 148:4 (Figure 1), and the effect of God’s creating the material of the stars during the fourth day (Isaiah 40:26)….
Gen 1:3-5 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morning — the first day.
Isa 45:7 I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the Lord, do all these things. Rev 21:23-25 The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. 24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their splendor into it. 25 On no day will its gates ever be shut, for there will be no night there. Rev 22:5 There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever.
1:3-5. The pattern for each of the days of Creation is established here. There is (a) the creative word, (b) the report of its effect, (c) Gods evaluation of it as "good," (d) at times the sovereign naming, and (e) the numbering of each day. … Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament
Gen 1:3-5 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light "day," [yom] and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morning — the first day [yom].
The problem is, what is the meaning of [yom] . In English we have many meanings of “day” In my/your day, his day, in days gone by, your day will come, 12 hours of sunlight (daytime), 24 hour day, we lost the day, work day (8 hours), call it a day.
HEBREW> yowm (yome); from an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literal (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figurative (a space of time defined by an associated term), [often used adverb]: KJV - age, always, chronicals, continually (-ance), daily, ([birth-], each, to) day, (now a, two) days (agone), elder, end, evening, (for) ever (-lasting, -more), full, life, as (so) long as (... live), (even) now, old, outlived, perpetually, presently, remaineth, required, season, since, space, then, (process of) time, as at other times, in trouble, weather, (as) when, (a, the, within a) while (that), whole (+age), (full) year (-ly), younger. OT:3118 <oy yowm (Aramaic) (yome); corresponding to OT:3117; a day: KJV - day (by day), time. Biblesofts New Exhaustive Strongs Numbers and Concordance
1:3-5 …Regarding the word day (yôm) several interpretations have been suggested. (1) The days of Creation refer to extended geological ages prior to mans presence on earth. (2) The days are 24-hour periods in which God revealed His creative acts. (3) They are literal 24-hour days of divine activity. In favor of the third view is the fact that the term yôm with an ordinal (first, second, etc.) adjective means 24-hour days wherever this construction occurs in the Old Testament. Also the normal understanding of the fourth commandment (Ex 20:11) would suggest this interpretation. Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament
(1) The days of Creation refer to extended geological ages prior to mans presence on earth. The “Day Age Theory” (2) The days are 24-hour periods in which God revealed His creative acts. (3) They are literal 24-hour days of divine activity. God created in 6 regular, normal days. “Young Earth” God could have created in 6 seconds, months, or years.
Ex 20:8-11 "Remember the Sabbath day [yom] by keeping it holy. 9 Six days [yom] you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day [yom] is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. 11 For in six days [yom] the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day [yom]. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day [yom] and made it holy.
Evening & morning Numerical adjectives Ex 20:8-11 "Remember the Sabbath day …. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth…. I don’t know any other way for the Holy Spirit to indicate a normal day of creation.
So, do I think the 6 days of creation are literal 24 hour days? Absolutely not! Every 10 months we add a leap second to compensate for the slowing of the earths rotation.
6,000 years X’s 12 months=72,000 months 72,000 months / 10 months = 7200 leap seconds 7200 leap seconds / 60 seconds = 120 minutes 120 minutes / 60 minutes per hour = 2 hours faster 24 hrs. (approx. now) - 2 hours faster = 22 hour days for Adam & Eve Now, let’s go back 1 million years . Our day would be 333 hours shorter.
Gen 1:6-8 And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water." 7 So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so. 8 God called the expanse "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning — the second day.
What an intriguing statement. God makes many interesting statements about water.
Job 26:10 He marks out the horizon on the face of the waters for a boundary between light and darkness. Ps 136:4-9, 4 to him who alone does great wonders, His love endures forever. 5 who by his understanding made the heavens, His love endures forever. 6 who spread out the earth upon the waters, His love endures forever. 7 who made the great lights — His love endures forever. 8 the sun to govern the day, His love endures forever. 9 the moon and stars to govern the night; His love endures forever.
Prov 8:22-29 "The Lord brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of old; 23 I was appointed from eternity, from the beginning, before the world began. 24 When there were no oceans, I was given birth, when there were no springs abounding with water; 25 before the mountains were settled in place, before the hills, I was given birth, 26 before he made the earth or its fields, or any of the dust of the world. 27 I was there when he set the heavens in place, when he marked out the horizon on the face of the deep, 28 when he established the clouds above and fixed securely the fountains of the deep, 29 when he gave the sea its boundary so the waters would not overstep his command, and when he marked out the foundations of the earth.
Ps 104:1-3 Lord my God, you are very great; you are clothed with splendor and majesty. 2 He wraps himself in light as with a garment; he stretches out the heavens like a tent 3 and lays the beams of his upper chambers on their waters.
Ps 148:1-6, Praise the Lord. Praise the Lord from the heavens, praise him in the heights above. 2 Praise him, all his angels, praise him, all his heavenly hosts. 3 Praise him, sun and moon, praise him, all you shining stars. 4 Praise him, you highest heavens and you waters above the skies. 5 Let them praise the name of the Lord, for he commanded and they were created. 6 He set them in place for ever and ever; he gave a decree that will never pass away.
Prov 30:4 Who has gone up to heaven and come down? Who has gathered up the wind in the hollow of his hands? Who has wrapped up the waters in his cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and the name of his son? Tell me if you know!
Jer 10:12-13 But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. 13 When he thunders, the waters in the heavens roar; he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth. He sends lightning with the rain and brings out the wind from his storehouses.
Amos 9:5-6 The Lord, the Lord Almighty, he who touches the earth and it melts, and all who live in it mourn — the whole land rises like the Nile, then sinks like the river of Egypt— 6 he who builds his lofty palace in the heavens and sets its foundation on the earth, who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out over the face of the land — the Lord is his name.
2 Peter 3:3-7 First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. 4 They will say, "Where is this coming he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation." 5 But they deliberately forget that long ago by Gods word the heavens existed and the earth was formed out of water and by water. 6 By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed.
Rev 16:5 Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say: "You are just in these judgments, you who are and who were, the Holy One, because you have so judged;
Genesis 1:6-8 1:6-8. On the second day God separated the atmospheric waters from the terrestrial waters by an arching expanse, the sky. This suggests that previously there had been a dense moisture enshrouding the earth. Gods work involves making divisions and distinctions. Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament
No rain yet. Gen 2:4-6 When the Lord God made the earth and the heavens — 5 and no shrub of the field had yet appeared on the earth and no plant of the field had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to work the ground, 6 but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground —
No rainbow yet. Gen 9:13-14 I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth. “Furthermore, the absence of rain Gen. 2:5) and the rainbow (Gen. 9:13) is not only explained but required by a vapor canopy, not by an atmosphere like that of the present.” Dr. Henry Morris, Defenders Study Bible, pg. 5 Long lives of patriarchs Hyperbaric , 6ft. Dragonflies, pterodactyls, 100ft. ferns
Bible Evolution 1. Earth before sun 1. Sun before earth 2. Oceans before land 2. Land before oceans 3. Light before sun 3. Sun before light 4. Land plants first 4. Marine life first 5. Fruit trees before fish 5. Fish before fruit trees 6. Fish before insects 6. Insects before fish 7. Plants before sun 7. Sun before plants 8. Marine mammals 8. Land mammals before before land mammals marine mammals
Bible Evolution 9. Birds before reptiles 9. Reptiles before birds 10. Atmosphere between 10. Atmosphere above two layers of water water 11. Man brought death 11. Death brought man into the world into the world 12. God created man 12. Man created God
New creation cosmology Refined time dilation model appears in Journal of Creation without fanfare by Journal of Creation editorial staff Figure 1. By now, the waters above the heavens (Psalm 148:4) are probably a thin veil of ice particles, or scattered planet-sized spheres of water covered with thick crusts of ice. Published: 25 June 2009(GMT+10) Unless you have attended one of Russ Humphreys’ seminars in the last few months, or else read the Journal of Creation cover to cover, you probably missed the birth of a new creation cosmology in the December 2008 issue. Quietly tucked into the back pages of an article by Dr. Humphreys on general relativity is a new answer to the light-transit-time problem—to explain how light traveled from the distant cosmos and reached Earth, all during one ordinary-length day on Earth, the fourth day of creation. Humphreys used an equation he derived in the August 2007 issue, a new solution to Einstein’s gravity equations. The new solution accounts for the effect of the “waters that are above the heavens” mentioned in Psalm 148:4 (Figure 1), and the effect of God’s creating the material of the stars during the fourth day (Isaiah 40:26). When the sphere reaches zero radius and disappears, Earth emerges, and immediately the light that has been following the sphere will reach Earth, even light that started billions of light-years away. Accordingly, the model says that early on the fourth day, God’s creation of Sun and planets nearby plunges Earth into a zone of timelessness. In the zone all physical processes, including clocks, come to a complete stop. The spherical zone of timelessness expands out from the earth at the speed of light, engulfing the newly-created stars and galaxies. After reaching the most distant galaxies, the timeless zone reverses itself and begins shrinking back toward the earth at the speed of light. As it does so, it uncovers the new galaxies, which immediately begin emitting light again. Some of that light goes toward the center where the earth is, right behind the shrinking sphere of timelessness. Dr Humphreys: “When the sphere reaches zero radius and disappears, Earth emerges, and immediately the light that has been following the sphere will reach Earth, even light that started billions of light-years away. On the fourth day, “An observer on the night side of the earth would see a black sky one instant, and a sky filled with stars the next instant.” An observer on the night side of the earth would see a black sky one instant, and a sky filled with stars the next instant. This new cosmology springs from the same root as his 1994 cosmology in Starlight and Time, namely a cosmos with a center of mass, the earth near it (on a cosmological scale of distances), and expansion of space. (Dr John Hartnett has two creation cosmologies that have these features as well.) However, Dr Humphreys likes his new model better than his old one, saying it is clearer and simpler. Dr Hartnett agrees with that, saying that it solves the problem of time dilation for stars that are relatively near. We’ve decided to make Humphreys’ 2008 Journal of Creation article available earlier than normal, here on the CMI website. He hopes to submit an article to the website soon explaining the new cosmology in simple terms—no equations or graphs, but possibly some animated graphics. Warning: it will be understandable, but mind-stretching! Related articles Creationist cosmologies explain the anomalous acceleration of Pioneer spacecraft Dark matter and a cosmological constant in a creationist cosmology? Further reading Astronomy and Astrophysics Questions and Answers Related resources Starlight and Time DVD presenting by D. Russell Humphreys Learn how practical physics using Einstein’s relativity explains how light could be seen on Earth during Creation week. Dr Russell Humphries presents over 2 hours of footage, including stunning 3-D graphics in support of the Bible’s account of creation. (High School-Adult) 140 mins. While the content of this popular, illustrated presentation DVD is the same as one you may have with the same title, it now includes extra features. Not only does it have a new cover design, it has also been ‘re-badged’ to feature the CMI logo and contact details and includes a 3-minute promotional segment. Starlight and Time by D. Russell Humphreys The Bible says the universe is just thousands of years old, and yet we can see stars that are billions of light-years away. Dr Russell Humphreys’ new cosmology addresses this issue with a fresh and scientifically sound solution. This book not only contains an easy-to-read popular summary of this new cosmology, but also includes two technical papers which were very well received at the Third International Conference on Creationism. The question of stars billions of light years away created in a time frame of a young earth is answered by an easily understood cosmology with both layman and technical sections.