Enhance Your Multimedia Using Sound Practices By: Debra Masden UMUC EDTC 640
Evaluate to Enhance <ul><li>Evaluate information to utilize best practices when using multimedia on the interactive whiteb...
Summary of Learning Process <ul><li>1 st  Focus new information so that the learner can identify key graphics and words to...
 
Consider these principles… <ul><li>Multimedia Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Contiguity Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Modality ...
Contiguity Principle <ul><li>Learning gains as a result from presenting text and graphics in an integrated form </li></ul>...
Bad & Good Example http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/science/faq/images/gheffect-enhanced.jpg http://carboncreditsfoundation.or...
Modality Principle <ul><li>Present words in audio rather than on-screen text </li></ul><ul><li>Use text for information th...
Redundancy Principle <ul><li>Graphics are described by audio or words and not redundant audio and words </li></ul><ul><li>...
Redundancy Principle
Redundancy Principle
Coherence Principle <ul><li>Avoid adding material that does not support the instructional goal </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid ext...
Personalization Principle <ul><li>Use conversational and natural language </li></ul><ul><li>Agents do not need to look rea...
Segmenting & Pre-training Principle <ul><li>Present materials in manageable segments </li></ul><ul><li>Define technical te...
Leveraging Examples <ul><li>Worked examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full worked examples to full problems </li></ul></ul><ul...
Leveraging Examples <ul><li>Minimize cognitive load </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expl...
In Summary <ul><li>With the interactive whiteboard in your classroom you have an opportunity to integrate many different t...
References <ul><li>Clark, R. C. & Mayer, R. (2008)  E-learning and the science of instruction 2 nd  ed: proven guidelines ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Enhance Your Multimedia

1,259 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,259
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
15
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
50
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Enhance Your Multimedia

  1. 1. Enhance Your Multimedia Using Sound Practices By: Debra Masden UMUC EDTC 640
  2. 2. Evaluate to Enhance <ul><li>Evaluate information to utilize best practices when using multimedia on the interactive whiteboard </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning principles gathered from Ruth Colvin Clark & Richard E. Mayer </li></ul>
  3. 3. Summary of Learning Process <ul><li>1 st Focus new information so that the learner can identify key graphics and words to select what they will process </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd The learner must rehearse information in working memory to organize and integrate the new information into the long-term memory utilizing existing knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd Working memory capacity must not be overloaded, use cognitive load reduction </li></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 41)
  4. 5. Consider these principles… <ul><li>Multimedia Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Contiguity Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Modality Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Redundancy Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Coherence Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Personalization Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Segmenting & Pre-training Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging Examples </li></ul>
  5. 6. Contiguity Principle <ul><li>Learning gains as a result from presenting text and graphics in an integrated form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits cognitive load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embed printed words near graphic they describe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep feedback on the same screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep exercises and direction on the same screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present spoken words the same time as graphics </li></ul></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 77)
  6. 7. Bad & Good Example http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/science/faq/images/gheffect-enhanced.jpg http://carboncreditsfoundation.org/the-greenhouse-effect-web.jpg
  7. 8. Modality Principle <ul><li>Present words in audio rather than on-screen text </li></ul><ul><li>Use text for information that learners will need as a reference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directions to practice exercises </li></ul></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 114)
  8. 9. Redundancy Principle <ul><li>Graphics are described by audio or words and not redundant audio and words </li></ul><ul><li>On screen text can be narrated if no graphics are present </li></ul><ul><li>When language is challenging it is fine to present words as text </li></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 130)
  9. 10. Redundancy Principle
  10. 11. Redundancy Principle
  11. 12. Coherence Principle <ul><li>Avoid adding material that does not support the instructional goal </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid extraneous sounds in the background </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid extraneous information that does not add to the essential knowledge and skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrations, photos, or video clips </li></ul></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 153)
  12. 13. Personalization Principle <ul><li>Use conversational and natural language </li></ul><ul><li>Agents do not need to look realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Agent dialogue should be presented through audio narration </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as a valid instructional purpose </li></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 179)
  13. 14. Segmenting & Pre-training Principle <ul><li>Present materials in manageable segments </li></ul><ul><li>Define technical terms before the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>If presenting processes or procedures define the key concepts before presentation </li></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 197)
  14. 15. Leveraging Examples <ul><li>Worked examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full worked examples to full problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide instructional explanations of the worked steps </li></ul></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 228)
  15. 16. Leveraging Examples <ul><li>Minimize cognitive load </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain either in audio or visual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep the text close to the visual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chunk information to focus attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present complex examples under learner controlled pacing </li></ul></ul>(Clark & Mayer, p. 228)
  16. 17. In Summary <ul><li>With the interactive whiteboard in your classroom you have an opportunity to integrate many different types of multimedia into your classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize sound practices when choosing what and how you are going to present </li></ul>
  17. 18. References <ul><li>Clark, R. C. & Mayer, R. (2008) E-learning and the science of instruction 2 nd ed: proven guidelines for consumers and designers of multimedia learning. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer </li></ul>

×