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  1. 1. Dashain: Festival of Victory over Evil Presented by: Deependra Kumar Jha Sujan Piya 30 th September 2006 Hiroshima, Japan ダサイ 祭り
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Dashain is the longest and the most auspicious festival of Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>It is celebrated by all caste and creed throughout the country </li></ul><ul><li>It is celebrated over fifteen days during the month of Ashoj (September-October) </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess Durga in all her manifestations are worshiped with innumerable pujas, abundant offerings and thousands of animal sacrifices </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why It is celebrated? <ul><li>The main celebration glorifies the triumph of good over evil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Victory of goddess Durga over demon Mahisasur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victory of lord Ram over demon Ravan </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Ram fighting with Ravan
  5. 5. Goddess Durga killing demon Mahisasur
  6. 6. How it is celebrated? <ul><li>The first nine days signify the nine days of battle between goddess Durga and the demon Mahisasur </li></ul><ul><li>The tenth day is the day when Mahisasur was killed </li></ul><ul><li>The last five days symbolize the celebration of the victory with the blessing of the goddess </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>In preparation for Dashain every home is cleaned and beautifully decorated, painted as an invitation to the mother goddess, so that she may visit and bless the house with good fortune </li></ul><ul><li>During this time the reunion of distant and nearby relatives occur in every household </li></ul><ul><li>The market is filled with shoppers seeking new clothing, gifts, luxuries and enormous supplies of temple offering for the gods, as well as foodstuffs for the family feasting </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of sheep, goats, ducks, chicken and buffalo are prepared for the slaughter </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The first nine days of Dashain are called Nawa Ratri </li></ul><ul><li>During Nawa Ratri all goddess who emanated from goddess Durga (known as Devi) are worshiped </li></ul><ul><li>The first day of Dashain is called Ghatasthapana , which literally means pot (Kalash) establishing </li></ul><ul><li>On this day the kalash, filled with holy water, symbolising goddess Durga is placed in the prayer room </li></ul><ul><li>A small rectangular sand block is made and the kalash is put in the centre. The surrounding bed of sand is also seeded with grains </li></ul><ul><li>At a certain auspicious moment determined by the astrologers, goddess Durga is requested to bless the vessel (Kalash) with her presence </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The room where the kalash is established is called ' Dashain Ghar ' </li></ul><ul><li>A priest or a household man worships the kalash everyday once in the morning and then in the evening </li></ul><ul><li>The kalash and the sand are sprinkled with holy water everyday and it is shielded from direct sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>By the tenth day, the seed will have grown to five or six inches long yellow grass. The sacred yellow grass is called 'Jamara' </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>As days passes by regular rituals are observed till the seventh day. The seventh day is called 'Fulpati' </li></ul><ul><li>From this day onwards, Dashain feasting starts </li></ul><ul><li>The eighth day is called the Maha Asthami. Sacrifices are held in almost every house through out the day </li></ul><ul><li>The night of the eighth day is called 'Kal Ratri', the dark night </li></ul><ul><li>The ninth day is called Nawami. On this day, Military bands play war tunes and guns boom to honor Durga as the goddess of victory </li></ul><ul><li>On this very day the god Vishwa Karma, the God of creativity, is also worshiped. All factories, vehicles and machinery instruments are worshiped </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The tenth day is called ‘Dashami’ . On this day we take Tika and Jamara from our elders and receive their blessing </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of Dashain also lies in the fact that on this day family members from far off and distant relatives come for a visit as well as to receive tika from the head of the family. This function continues for four days </li></ul><ul><li>Dashain ends on the full moon day, the fifteenth day. The full moon day is also called 'Kojagrata' meaning 'who is awake'. The Hindu goddess of wealth ‘Laxmi’ is worshipped. On this day the goddess Laxmi is given an invitation to visit each and everyone </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tika and Jamara
  13. 13. Auspicious Tika being taken
  14. 14. After Dashain? <ul><li>After Dashain everyone settles back to normal. After receiving the blessing of goddess Durga, people are ready to work and acquire virtue, power and wealth </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Dashain’ is not only the longest festival but also the most anticipated one among all the festivals of Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>It is truly a colorful festival </li></ul>