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ECONOMIC VALUATIONS:
BLUE CARBON POTENTIAL OF THE MPA SYSTEM IN
TURKEY
CBD COP-11 side event
GEF’s support to Marine Prote...
• A relatively long coastline
8,500 km - excluding islands
• Overall, 3,000 plant and
animal species in Turkey’s
territori...
The project is executed by the Ministry of Environment
and Urbanization through the General Directorate for
Protection of ...
Foça SEPA
Ayvalık Adaları Nature Park
Gökova SEPA
Köyceğiz-Dalyan SEPA
Datça-Bozburun SEPA
Fethiye-Göcek SEPA
Project Site...
• Part of a larger
valuation study on
six MCPAs in
Turkey
• Motivation behind
the valuation of
seagrasses
Demonstration si...
Mediterranean Seagrass
(Posidonia oceanica)
• A flowering plant that grows in marine,
fully saline environments
• Among th...
Mediterranean seagrass meadows
• “Lungs of the sea” (+/- 14 lt O2/m²/day )
• Support high biomass  Fish nursery and fishi...
8
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500
Tropical Forests
Oceanic Mangroves
Estuarine Mangroves
Tidal Salt Marshes
Seagrasses
Organic S...
Methodology for Valuation
• Literature review on Posidonia’s C flows (sequestration) & C
sink capacity (tCO2 eq/ha/yr)
• A...
Seagrass Distribution in Gökova SEPA
Total surface =
13 km2
Total Surface = 6,7 km2
Seagrass Distribution in Foça SEPA
Site
Posidonia
surface
(ha)
C seq †
(tCO2eq/
ha/yr)
Soil C
released
†**
(tCO2eq/
ha/yr)
Total C
loss
per site
(tCO2eq
/yr)...
Blue Carbon Valuation for the Turkish MPA System
• Gökova SEPA : 792,064 USD
• Foça SEPA : 408,218 USD
•Datça-Bozburun SEP...
Conclusions
• Embedded natural capital
• Main threats facing Posidonia
• Unmanifested/unperceived values
• Research & moni...
Thank You
http://www.mpa.gov.tr
http://www.tr.undp.org
http://web.undp.org/gef/
Compiled by: Harun Guclusoy
Edited by: Joh...
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Economic Valuations: Blue Carbon Potential of The MPA System in Turkey

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Economic Valuations:
Blue Carbon Potential of The MPA System in Turkey
(MCPA Turkey Presentation CBD COP - GEF Side Event 2012)

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
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Economic Valuations: Blue Carbon Potential of The MPA System in Turkey

  1. 1. ECONOMIC VALUATIONS: BLUE CARBON POTENTIAL OF THE MPA SYSTEM IN TURKEY CBD COP-11 side event GEF’s support to Marine Protected Areas Conserving ocean’s ecosystems, species and livelihoods GEF contribution to Aichi Targets
  2. 2. • A relatively long coastline 8,500 km - excluding islands • Overall, 3,000 plant and animal species in Turkey’s territorial sea. • The total number of marine and coastal protected areas: 31. • The total marine and coastal protected area coverage is 240,216 ha. 2.8%. MPAs of Turkey
  3. 3. The project is executed by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization through the General Directorate for Protection of Natural Assets. Objective: To facilitate expansion of the national system of marine and coastal protected areas and improve its management effectiveness. Global Environment Facility funded and implemented through UNDP. The Strengthening the System of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas of Turkey Project (2009-2014)
  4. 4. Foça SEPA Ayvalık Adaları Nature Park Gökova SEPA Köyceğiz-Dalyan SEPA Datça-Bozburun SEPA Fethiye-Göcek SEPA Project Sites: 5 SEPAs and 1 Nature Park
  5. 5. • Part of a larger valuation study on six MCPAs in Turkey • Motivation behind the valuation of seagrasses Demonstration sites : Gökova SEPA & Foça SEPA ES valuation for Blue Carbon
  6. 6. Mediterranean Seagrass (Posidonia oceanica) • A flowering plant that grows in marine, fully saline environments • Among the 60 seagrass species that exist globally • Seagrasses occur in all shallow coastal areas of the world (except Antarctica) • Endemic to the Mediterranean • Form meadows and grow in sandy or rocky sediments along the coasts Mediterranean Seagrasses
  7. 7. Mediterranean seagrass meadows • “Lungs of the sea” (+/- 14 lt O2/m²/day ) • Support high biomass  Fish nursery and fishing grounds • Enable protection against coastal erosion • Cycle nutrients • Reduce silt accumulation • Contribute to the production of organic carbon via the process of photosynthesis  C sequestration • Provide social and cultural values.
  8. 8. 8 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Tropical Forests Oceanic Mangroves Estuarine Mangroves Tidal Salt Marshes Seagrasses Organic Soil Carbon Living Biomass Soil-carbon values for first meter of depth only (Total depth = up to several meters) For Comparison: tCO2e per Hectare, Global Averages
  9. 9. Methodology for Valuation • Literature review on Posidonia’s C flows (sequestration) & C sink capacity (tCO2 eq/ha/yr) • Avoided Cost Method • GIS Assessment of Posidonia distribution and surface occupied at study sites • Application of Carbon Market Prices • Lowerbound $11.2/tCO2 eq (based on Voluntarily traded av. prices for Turkey in 2010)
  10. 10. Seagrass Distribution in Gökova SEPA Total surface = 13 km2
  11. 11. Total Surface = 6,7 km2 Seagrass Distribution in Foça SEPA
  12. 12. Site Posidonia surface (ha) C seq † (tCO2eq/ ha/yr) Soil C released †** (tCO2eq/ ha/yr) Total C loss per site (tCO2eq /yr) Value (US$11.2 / tCO2eq) Value US$/ ha/yr Value US$/yr PV (10 yrs, 10%) US$ Gökova 1 300 4,4 50 70 720 609 792 064 5 658 954 Foça 670 36 448 408 218 2 916 541 Total 1 970 54,4 107 168 609 1 200 282 8 575 495 † Based on Duarte et al 2010 & Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions 2010 Avoided Carbon Emissions ** Assuming a 10 year release period of soil carbon after habitat destruction
  13. 13. Blue Carbon Valuation for the Turkish MPA System • Gökova SEPA : 792,064 USD • Foça SEPA : 408,218 USD •Datça-Bozburun SEPA : 2,510,234 USD •Koycegiz Dalyan SEPA : 54,226 USD •Fethiye-Göcek SEPA : 944,384 USD •Ayvalik Adalari Nature P.: 658,022 USD •TOTAL for project sites : 5,367,148 USD •TOTAL Annual Value Estimate for the Turkish MPA System: 11,533,882 USD Total Annual Value for Project Sites:
  14. 14. Conclusions • Embedded natural capital • Main threats facing Posidonia • Unmanifested/unperceived values • Research & monitoring needs • Conservation & financing opportunities
  15. 15. Thank You http://www.mpa.gov.tr http://www.tr.undp.org http://web.undp.org/gef/ Compiled by: Harun Guclusoy Edited by: Johan Robinson & Nik Sekhran Presented by: Nik Sekhran

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