Results of South East Asia  Opium Poppy Survey 2007
Golden Triangle <ul><li>Lao PDR </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul>
Survey Counterparts LCDC  – Lao National  Commission   for Drug Control and    Supervision Lao PDR  (monitored by Internat...
Methodologies <ul><li>Laos </li></ul>Helicopter survey
Methodologies <ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul>Ground survey + Satellite imagery Poppy field Poppy field Poppy field village Fall...
Methodologies <ul><li>Thailand </li></ul>Helicopter survey + Ground survey and Satellite Imagery
Opium poppy cultivation in South East Asia - 83 % variation + 22 % variation
Cultivation in Laos (hectares) - 40 % variation 2007 1500 Hectares
Cultivation in Myanmar (hectares) +29 % variation 2007 27700 Hectares
Cultivation in Thailand (hectares) + 31 % variation 2007 205 Hectares
Cultivation in Golden Triangle (hectares) Legend ( Year )
+ 46 % variation Opium production in South East Asia
Global Opium Poppy Production (metric tons) Golden Triangle 5.3% of  Global  production
Production in Laos (metric tons) - 54 % variation 2007 From 20 to 9.2  Metric Tons
Production in Myanmar (metric tons) + 46 % variation 2007 From 315 to 460  Metric Tons
Production in Thailand (metric tons) + 25 % variation 2007 from 2.4 to 3.2  Metric Tons
Production in Golden Triangle (metric tons) Legend ( year )
Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan & Southeast Asia
Eradication in Laos (hectares) 2007 779  Hectares
Eradication in Myanmar (hectares) 2007 3598  Hectares
Eradication in Thailand (hectares) 2007 220  Hectares
Opium Prices (US$/kg) Opium price increases with scarcity  of opium production
Households involved in Opium Poppy Cultivation <ul><li>Lao PDR n/a n/a </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar 163,000 +29%  </li></ul><...
Yearly  Income  of Opium Poppy Household in Myanmar Total : 501 US$ per year Less than 1 US$ / day / capita 47% from Opium...
Opium Addiction <ul><li>high in areas of opium poppy cultivation  </li></ul><ul><li>increase poverty level </li></ul>
Peace and security  are a requisite to opium elimination Patch works of different groups in Poppy growing Area Government,...
Government of Myanmar  15 years Opium Poppy Elimination Plan  (1999-2014) Main area opium production, 64% of National cult...
Government of Lao PDR Declared poppy free in February  2006 1100 villages requiring urgent assistances
<ul><li>Emergency Rehabilitation and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance Needed </li></ul>Impact of Opium Elimination...
<ul><li>Expansion of area of upland farmed </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
<ul><li>Collection of non-timber forest products (non sustainable) </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in ...
<ul><li>Sales of livestock </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
<ul><li>Increased workers as unskilled daily wage laborer (lack of opportunities) </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium ...
<ul><li>Agricultural diversification  </li></ul><ul><li>(require large and long term investments) </li></ul>Coping mechani...
Immediate alternative livelihood program is needed to ensure opium elimination and sustainability of opium ban
Risk of increase of Opium production in Lao PDR and Myanmar in 2008 without alternative livelihood in place Level of Opium...
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South East Asia Opium Survey 2007 Final 10 Oct07

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South East Asia Opium Survey 2007 Final 10 Oct07

  1. 1. Results of South East Asia Opium Poppy Survey 2007
  2. 2. Golden Triangle <ul><li>Lao PDR </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul>
  3. 3. Survey Counterparts LCDC – Lao National Commission for Drug Control and Supervision Lao PDR (monitored by International staff) CCDAC – Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control Myanmar (monitored by International staff) ONCB – Office of the Narcotics Control Board Thailand
  4. 4. Methodologies <ul><li>Laos </li></ul>Helicopter survey
  5. 5. Methodologies <ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul>Ground survey + Satellite imagery Poppy field Poppy field Poppy field village Fallow land Forest
  6. 6. Methodologies <ul><li>Thailand </li></ul>Helicopter survey + Ground survey and Satellite Imagery
  7. 7. Opium poppy cultivation in South East Asia - 83 % variation + 22 % variation
  8. 8. Cultivation in Laos (hectares) - 40 % variation 2007 1500 Hectares
  9. 9. Cultivation in Myanmar (hectares) +29 % variation 2007 27700 Hectares
  10. 10. Cultivation in Thailand (hectares) + 31 % variation 2007 205 Hectares
  11. 11. Cultivation in Golden Triangle (hectares) Legend ( Year )
  12. 12. + 46 % variation Opium production in South East Asia
  13. 13. Global Opium Poppy Production (metric tons) Golden Triangle 5.3% of Global production
  14. 14. Production in Laos (metric tons) - 54 % variation 2007 From 20 to 9.2 Metric Tons
  15. 15. Production in Myanmar (metric tons) + 46 % variation 2007 From 315 to 460 Metric Tons
  16. 16. Production in Thailand (metric tons) + 25 % variation 2007 from 2.4 to 3.2 Metric Tons
  17. 17. Production in Golden Triangle (metric tons) Legend ( year )
  18. 18. Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan & Southeast Asia
  19. 19. Eradication in Laos (hectares) 2007 779 Hectares
  20. 20. Eradication in Myanmar (hectares) 2007 3598 Hectares
  21. 21. Eradication in Thailand (hectares) 2007 220 Hectares
  22. 22. Opium Prices (US$/kg) Opium price increases with scarcity of opium production
  23. 23. Households involved in Opium Poppy Cultivation <ul><li>Lao PDR n/a n/a </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar 163,000 +29% </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand 1,600 +23% </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2007 2006-2007 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Yearly Income of Opium Poppy Household in Myanmar Total : 501 US$ per year Less than 1 US$ / day / capita 47% from Opium Others
  25. 25. Opium Addiction <ul><li>high in areas of opium poppy cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>increase poverty level </li></ul>
  26. 26. Peace and security are a requisite to opium elimination Patch works of different groups in Poppy growing Area Government, Militia, ceasefire and insurgents.
  27. 27. Government of Myanmar 15 years Opium Poppy Elimination Plan (1999-2014) Main area opium production, 64% of National cultivation
  28. 28. Government of Lao PDR Declared poppy free in February 2006 1100 villages requiring urgent assistances
  29. 29. <ul><li>Emergency Rehabilitation and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance Needed </li></ul>Impact of Opium Elimination on Rural Livelihoods in WA Region
  30. 30. <ul><li>Expansion of area of upland farmed </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  31. 31. <ul><li>Collection of non-timber forest products (non sustainable) </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  32. 32. <ul><li>Sales of livestock </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  33. 33. <ul><li>Increased workers as unskilled daily wage laborer (lack of opportunities) </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  34. 34. <ul><li>Agricultural diversification </li></ul><ul><li>(require large and long term investments) </li></ul>Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region Rubber plantation Tea plantation
  35. 35. Immediate alternative livelihood program is needed to ensure opium elimination and sustainability of opium ban
  36. 36. Risk of increase of Opium production in Lao PDR and Myanmar in 2008 without alternative livelihood in place Level of Opium Poppy cultivation monitored end of September 2007 indicates strong increase in South Shan State
  37. 37. End

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