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The Worlds People


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The Worlds People

  1. 1. The World’s People Chapter 5: pg. 74 - 91
  2. 2. Section 1: pg. 75 - 80 <ul><li>Objectives for today </li></ul><ul><li>Define culture and culture region </li></ul><ul><li>Identify important cultural symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Trace how cultures develop </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how agriculture affects culture </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aspects of culture <ul><li>Culture - learned system of shared beliefs and ways of doing things </li></ul><ul><li>Culture region - when one culture dominates a region </li></ul><ul><li>Culture traits - elements of culture (food, dress, religion) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Race and ethnic groups <ul><li>Ethnic groups - religion, history, language, holiday traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Multicultural societies </li></ul><ul><li>Race - inherited physical or biological traits </li></ul><ul><li>Acculturation - borrowing things from other cultures </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cultural differences <ul><li>Symbols - something that stands for something else </li></ul><ul><li>Other differences - behavior, dress, holidays, language </li></ul>
  6. 6. Development of a culture <ul><li>Every culture deals with same needs - food, water, clothing, shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Shaped by history </li></ul><ul><li>Shaped by environment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Development of agriculture <ul><li>Domestication of plants and animals </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Subsistence vs. commercial agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture and civilization </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 5 Section 2 <ul><li>Objectives for today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain how population density varies, and why population has changed over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify ways geographers describe economies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify different economic systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain how governments differ </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Demography <ul><li>Demography - study of human populations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population density - number of people per square mile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why do places have more/less people? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate of natural increase </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Economic activities <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directly involve natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change raw materials into finished products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tertiary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handle goods that are ready to be sold </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quaternary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually deal with information </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Economic development <ul><li>Developed countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong in primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developing countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly primary and secondary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third World countries </li></ul><ul><li>Gross national produc </li></ul>
  12. 12. Economic system <ul><li>Free enterprise and market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People control production, make decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Command </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government controls production, makes decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on customs and rituals </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. World Governments <ul><li>Different types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchy / dictatorship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unlimited government </li></ul><ul><li>Limited government </li></ul>