The Civil War


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The Civil War

  1. 1. The Civil War Chapter 16: pg. 476 - 503
  2. 2. Objectives for today I] Pg. 478 — 482 I] Objectives Describe what led to the bombardment of Fort Sumter and explain why this event was important Identify which side of the conflictArkansas and the Upper South joined and why Explain why both the North and the South wanted to claim the border states Analyze the strategies each side followed at the beginning of the war
  3. 3. reason for leaving Abolitionists were becoming very popular in the North — Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” Browns raid on Harpers’ Ferry made them fear a slave revolt Feared that Lincoln would try to abolish slavery as President North and South were just too different
  4. 4. Lincoln faces a crisis [1 Lincoln tries to hold Union together — sends troops to South to restore order I] Lincoln tries to resupply troops at Fort Sumter in South Carolina I] Confederate troops under P. G.T. Beauregard bombard the fort for 34 hours Union commander Robert Anderson surrenders fort First battle of the Civil War
  5. 5. Choosing sides l] States in the Upper South — North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia — join the Confederacy l] Slave states on the border had advantages — control over Ohio River, control over Washington D. C. l] Border states — Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky, and Maryland vote against secession l] Officers in the U. S. Army have to choose sides, too
  6. 6. The volunteer spirit I] Union army had 16,000 troops — Lincoln called for 75,000 more to serve for 3 months People everywhere volunteered to be soldiers — to protect way of life, for adventure, for money, or “because it’s right” Disagreements divided families and friends — Lee and Lincoln are both examples Civilians also contributed — gave money or volunteered as nurses
  7. 7. North vs. the South Advantages for the South Military tradition in South meant they had better leaders Southern soldiers used to hunting and camping South would be fighting war of defense on its own soil Cotton meant Britain could be a possible ally Advantages for the North Larger population — more soldiers Railroads allowed easier transportation Factories could produce more weapons and supplies Able to raise more money to fight the war
  8. 8. Objectives for today I Chapter 16, Section 2: The War in the East ' Pg 483 - 487 I Objectives I Identify the battles that the Confederates won in Virginia and analyze why they were important I Explain what stopped the northward advance of the Confederate army I Examine the significance of the Monitor and the Virginia
  9. 9. Two Armies Meet I Union volunteers enthusiastic, but undisciplined I Armies meet at First Battle of Bull Run I Union troops push back Confederates on one side I “Stonewall” Jackson rallies the Confederates and forces the Union troops to flee . ‘ » C ‘ , _ ‘A I Confederatescan’t move on to . .a. "' '} I Washington — too tired and ' 4 L->43 ’ ‘ * » disorganized
  10. 10. More battles in Virginia I Lincoln makes McClellan commander, orders a march on Richmond I Robert E. Lee defeats the Union is ‘ _a‘4‘i‘ ‘ _. . _ troopsin the Seven Days’ Battle, ; ‘ S’ ‘ in ' backs them away from Richmond V I, '5; . I Lee stops another Union army at the i‘ " ' y , f Second Battle of Bull Run and pushes Union out of Virginia
  11. 11. Battle of Antietam I After Second Bull Run, Lee decides to take the fight to the North . .‘~, V I Thinks one good victory will weaken the Union’s spirits, _ convince Britain to help the South . _ 0 7 " I Lures McClellan into battle at Antietam in Maryland I McClellan manages to win by cheating, and Lee retreats south
  12. 12. The War at Sea I Union navy blockaded Southern ports to stop trade and hurt South’s economy I Used a captured ironclad ship — Virginia — to attack Union ships I With a few exceptions, the war at sea was dominated by the Union