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The Civil War


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The Civil War

  1. 1. The Civil War Chapter 16: pg. 476 - 503
  2. 2. Objectives for today I] Pg. 478 — 482 I] Objectives Describe what led to the bombardment of Fort Sumter and explain why this event was important Identify which side of the conflictArkansas and the Upper South joined and why Explain why both the North and the South wanted to claim the border states Analyze the strategies each side followed at the beginning of the war
  3. 3. reason for leaving Abolitionists were becoming very popular in the North — Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” Browns raid on Harpers’ Ferry made them fear a slave revolt Feared that Lincoln would try to abolish slavery as President North and South were just too different
  4. 4. Lincoln faces a crisis [1 Lincoln tries to hold Union together — sends troops to South to restore order I] Lincoln tries to resupply troops at Fort Sumter in South Carolina I] Confederate troops under P. G.T. Beauregard bombard the fort for 34 hours Union commander Robert Anderson surrenders fort First battle of the Civil War
  5. 5. Choosing sides l] States in the Upper South — North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia — join the Confederacy l] Slave states on the border had advantages — control over Ohio River, control over Washington D. C. l] Border states — Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky, and Maryland vote against secession l] Officers in the U. S. Army have to choose sides, too
  6. 6. The volunteer spirit I] Union army had 16,000 troops — Lincoln called for 75,000 more to serve for 3 months People everywhere volunteered to be soldiers — to protect way of life, for adventure, for money, or “because it’s right” Disagreements divided families and friends — Lee and Lincoln are both examples Civilians also contributed — gave money or volunteered as nurses
  7. 7. North vs. the South Advantages for the South Military tradition in South meant they had better leaders Southern soldiers used to hunting and camping South would be fighting war of defense on its own soil Cotton meant Britain could be a possible ally Advantages for the North Larger population — more soldiers Railroads allowed easier transportation Factories could produce more weapons and supplies Able to raise more money to fight the war