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The Age Of Exploration


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From Holt's Call of Freedom - meant for middle school social studies classroom.

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
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The Age Of Exploration

  1. 1. The Age of Exploration Chapter 2: pg. 32-51
  2. 2. EUROPEANS SET SAIL <ul><li>In section one, we’ll see … </li></ul><ul><li>How economic changes in Europe make it possible to explore </li></ul><ul><li>How the Renaissance gives sailors the knowledge and experience they need </li></ul><ul><li>How a new attitude makes people ready for adventure </li></ul><ul><li>How trade with China and Muslim states gives Europeans a reason to explore </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary terms for this section <ul><li>Write these down at the top of the page, and we’ll define them as we get to them … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint-stock companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Astrolabe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monopoly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caravel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also write down, as we get to them, who these people are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince Henry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bartolomeu Dias </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Commercial Revolution strikes <ul><li>The Black Death strikes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kills 30 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes many things, including the economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New developments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint-stock companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Money can do much; it should be held in high regard. It turns a tramp into a respected and honorable man … the more money a man has, the more worthy he becomes, while the man who is penniless cannot call himself his own master. Money makes hard things easy.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juan Ruiz </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Renaissance affects Europe <ul><li>Renaissance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebirth of classical culture from 1300s to 1600s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greek and Roman knowledge comes back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art and architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science and astronomy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leads to many advances in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New attitude – “one life to live” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Renaissance applied to sailing <ul><li>Applying Greek and Roman knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The astrolabe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constellations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geography – latitude and longitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longitude – log-line and hourglass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Latitude – cross-staff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Attitude and economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitude: man can do anything, including explore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy: joint-stock companies mean adventures won’t bankrupt you </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Trade with Africa and Asia <ul><li>Riches through trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa – gold, ivory, salt, slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia – silk, spices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Too expensive! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overland from China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monopoly by Venice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Too dangerous! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turks in power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threats from bandits </li></ul></ul>Big question from Spain and Portugal: Why not manage the trade routes ourselves?
  8. 8. The Portuguese inch towards Asia <ul><li>Prince Henry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved sailing tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved caravel design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bartolemeu Dias </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First to reach southern tip of Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia within reach … Spanish look for another route </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. In review …