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Dr Derek W. Keats
      dKeats Innovation
                                      IDLELO
       & Kenga Pty Ltd


           http://www.dkeats.com
          http://kengasolutions.com
             derek@dkeats.com
               +27 82 787 0169
                        
About dKeats Innovation



                Leverage
    Envision    new tech-        Innovation
                 nologies



           Ecological thinking

                     
About Kenga

             Import & Export Pty Ltd




         Innovation through software
             Free Software (Open Source)
             Focus on Chisimba




          
THEME
    Open Source Solutions for
      achieving Millennium
       Development Goals
                 
What does it take
          to have solutions
              that work?




             THEME
    Open Source Solutions for
      achieving Millennium
       Development Goals
                 
Biology
     
Technology

        Education

         Biology
     
Management

        Technology

        Education

         Biology
     
Assumptions

      Wishful
      thinking         Management
    Conventional       Technology
      Wisdom

       Faith           Education

                        Biology
 
       Hype         
Ecological
                     Management

                     Technology

                     Education

                      Biology
                  
Ecological
    Complex system      Management
    with emergent
    properties          Technology
    Direction
                        Education
    Synergy
    Not magnitude        Biology
                     
Ecological processes
                       Disturbance

                        Predation

                        Disease

                       Symbiosis

                       Competition

                        Herbivory

                
                       Production
Ecological processes

                       Predation




                
Not obvious

          
Ecological processes




                       Herbivory



                
Ecological processes
                       Disturbance

                        Predation

         The core       Disease
       fundamental
                       Symbiosis
    things that make
       ecosystems      Competition
         function
                        Herbivory

                   
                       Production
Ecological processes
                        Disturbance

                         Predation
    What are the core    Disease
      fundamental
    things that make    Symbiosis
      organizations     Competition
        function?
                         Herbivory

                   
                        Production
Ecological processes
                        Sustainable
                          finance
    What are the core   Technology
      fundamental
    things that make     Process
      organizations
                          People
        function?
                          Vision
                   
Align for success




                      Vision                  People                  Process                 Technology


               Clear                    Skills                   Creation                  Application
               Known                    Commitment               Deployment                Supporting
               Discussed                Knowledge                Operation                    applications
               On agendas               Competencies             Support                   Operating system
               Aligned to
examples




                                        Connectedness            Enhancement               Hardware
                other visions           Emotional intelligence   Innovation                Network
               Aligned to               Problem solving          Change                    Internet
                other strategies        Attitudes                  management              User devices
               Other strategies         Beliefs                  Communication             User operating
                aligned to              Actions                                               system
                vision                  Passion                                            User applications
                                        Fears
                                        Hidden agendas
                                        Politics

                                   Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance
                 Start here                                      Do these together
                                                              
                                                             (unless you are a start-up)
Tools and
techniques




              
Example
          Conversion of the
       Klingon Empire's home
          base on Qo'noS to
       Free and Open Source
         Software (FOSS) on
         the desktop, with a
        longer term view of a
 
       broader FOSS strategy
                  
Preliminary interviews
           with Worf

       Knowledge of FOSS

    Built a concept map based
      on the VPPTF model
                 
Preparation for the first workshop

                                     Concept
                                     map

                                     Branches &
                                     Relationships
                                     have
                                     meaning

                                     Colours
                                     have
                                     meaning

                        
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
Kelp forest   Structure
                       Canopy




                                   Layers
                      Epiphytes

                       Water
                       column

                      Understory

                      Encrusting
                   
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
                Create a
Process




                 project
                 Join a
                 project
               Sponsor a
                project

              Adapt existing
                               The organisation uses existing
  Product




                               FOSS tools, such as GNU/Linux,
           
              Use existing     and does not contribute to their
                                   
                               development.
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
                Create a
Process




                 project
                 Join a
                 project
               Sponsor a
                project        The organisation makes minor
                               adaptations of existing tools to
                               serve its own peculiar business
              Adapt existing   needs.
  Product




           
              Use existing          
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
                Create a
Process




                 project
                 Join a
                 project
                               The organisation sponsors an
               Sponsor a       external agency to create a tool on
                               its behalf, and may assist that
                project        agency to locate other sponsors
                               who could join the project.

              Adapt existing
  Product




           
              Use existing          
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
                Create a
Process




                 project       The organisation puts resources,
                               either money, a software developer,
                               or documentation resources into an
                 Join a        existing project.
                 project
               Sponsor a
                project

              Adapt existing
  Product




           
              Use existing         
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
                Create a       The organisation puts resources,
                               either money, a software developer,
Process




                 project       or documentation resources into an
                               existing project.
                 Join a
                 project
               Sponsor a
                project

              Adapt existing
  Product




           
              Use existing         
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
          Create a       These are
Process




           project       the layers ...
                 Join a            They are not mutually
                 project           exclusive, and for a
                                   strategy of the scope of
               Sponsor a           a Government FOSS
                project            strategy, all of them
                                   should be present.
              Adapt existing
                                   … of your FOSS
  Product




              Use existing         ecosystem
                                
Organisation
                                               Perpetual                        Process &
                                               skills                           technology
                                               shortage                         innovation
    Locus of control




                                                                         r
                                                                     a jo n
                                                                   M sio
                                                                       n
                                                                    te
                       vendors lead




                                               Dependency /                     Technology
                                               Outsourced                       skills
                                                                                transfer
                       Sales /




                                            Technology centred                People centred
                                                              Locus of focus
                                                                 
Processes relevant
     to a successful
      FOSS strategy
      in Government


              
Development

    Training and
    JIT learning                   Implementation


                     Support

                                       Build a
    Procurement                      mindset of
                                     innovation
                   Foster growth
                     of FOSS
                    businesses
    Foster FOSS
     Research &                        . . . etc
    Development

                                
How far up into the
               organisation does the
    Altitude


                ecosystem planning
                      reach?




                            
A funnel effect
                of potential
    Altitude


                    harm




                         
 
    Altitude




 
A few projects in these
    layers make for a risky
    ecosystem to be in
     
South Africa: FOSS Policy 2007

      1. Use FOSS.

      2. Migrate to FOSS

      3. Develop in FOSS

      4. Use FOSS Licensing

      5. Promote FOSS




                               
Vision clear, socialized
Strength of ecosystem

                        The highest leader as an active champion


                                      'Confidence'


                                  Training and support


                           FOSS project management capacity


                               Management commitment
                                            
Knowledgeable user community
Strength of ecosystem

                            Procurement policies


                              Business partners


                             Sustainable finance




                                     
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
Strength of ecosystem




                        Use   Adapt   Sponsor   Join   Create
                                           
What progress have you seen with the
    implementation of FOSS Policy 2007?

     1. Use FOSS.

     2. Migrate to FOSS

     3. Develop in FOSS

     4. Use FOSS Licensing

     5. Promote FOSS




                              
Thank you
                                 This presentation was made
                                 entirely using Free Software




    Derek Keats, PhD
    derek@dkeats.com
    http://www.dkeats.com
    http://facebook.com/dkeats     

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An ecological approach to Free and Open Source Software for Governments and Organizations

  • 1. Dr Derek W. Keats dKeats Innovation IDLELO & Kenga Pty Ltd http://www.dkeats.com http://kengasolutions.com derek@dkeats.com +27 82 787 0169    
  • 2. About dKeats Innovation Leverage Envision new tech- Innovation nologies Ecological thinking    
  • 3. About Kenga Import & Export Pty Ltd Innovation through software Free Software (Open Source) Focus on Chisimba    
  • 4. THEME Open Source Solutions for achieving Millennium Development Goals    
  • 5. What does it take to have solutions that work? THEME Open Source Solutions for achieving Millennium Development Goals    
  • 7. Technology Education Biology    
  • 8. Management Technology Education Biology    
  • 9. Assumptions Wishful thinking Management Conventional Technology Wisdom Faith Education Biology   Hype  
  • 10. Ecological Management Technology Education Biology    
  • 11. Ecological Complex system Management with emergent properties Technology Direction Education Synergy Not magnitude Biology    
  • 12. Ecological processes Disturbance Predation Disease Symbiosis Competition Herbivory     Production
  • 13. Ecological processes Predation    
  • 15. Ecological processes Herbivory    
  • 16. Ecological processes Disturbance Predation The core Disease fundamental Symbiosis things that make ecosystems Competition function Herbivory     Production
  • 17. Ecological processes Disturbance Predation What are the core Disease fundamental things that make Symbiosis organizations Competition function? Herbivory     Production
  • 18. Ecological processes Sustainable finance What are the core Technology fundamental things that make Process organizations People function? Vision    
  • 19. Align for success Vision People Process Technology Clear Skills Creation Application Known Commitment Deployment Supporting Discussed Knowledge Operation applications On agendas Competencies Support Operating system Aligned to examples Connectedness Enhancement Hardware other visions Emotional intelligence Innovation Network Aligned to Problem solving Change Internet other strategies Attitudes management User devices Other strategies Beliefs Communication User operating aligned to Actions system vision Passion User applications Fears Hidden agendas Politics Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance Start here Do these together     (unless you are a start-up)
  • 21. Example Conversion of the Klingon Empire's home base on Qo'noS to Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) on the desktop, with a longer term view of a   broader FOSS strategy  
  • 22. Preliminary interviews with Worf Knowledge of FOSS Built a concept map based on the VPPTF model    
  • 23. Preparation for the first workshop Concept map Branches & Relationships have meaning Colours have meaning    
  • 24.    
  • 25.    
  • 26.    
  • 27.    
  • 28.    
  • 29.    
  • 30.    
  • 31. Kelp forest Structure Canopy Layers Epiphytes Water column Understory Encrusting    
  • 32. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Create a Process project Join a project Sponsor a project Adapt existing The organisation uses existing Product FOSS tools, such as GNU/Linux,   Use existing and does not contribute to their   development.
  • 33. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Create a Process project Join a project Sponsor a project The organisation makes minor adaptations of existing tools to serve its own peculiar business Adapt existing needs. Product   Use existing  
  • 34. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Create a Process project Join a project The organisation sponsors an Sponsor a external agency to create a tool on its behalf, and may assist that project agency to locate other sponsors who could join the project. Adapt existing Product   Use existing  
  • 35. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Create a Process project The organisation puts resources, either money, a software developer, or documentation resources into an Join a existing project. project Sponsor a project Adapt existing Product   Use existing  
  • 36. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Create a The organisation puts resources, either money, a software developer, Process project or documentation resources into an existing project. Join a project Sponsor a project Adapt existing Product   Use existing  
  • 37. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Create a These are Process project the layers ... Join a They are not mutually project exclusive, and for a strategy of the scope of Sponsor a a Government FOSS project strategy, all of them should be present. Adapt existing … of your FOSS Product Use existing ecosystem    
  • 38. Organisation Perpetual Process & skills technology shortage innovation Locus of control r a jo n M sio n te vendors lead Dependency / Technology Outsourced skills transfer Sales / Technology centred People centred   Locus of focus  
  • 39. Processes relevant to a successful FOSS strategy in Government    
  • 40. Development Training and JIT learning Implementation Support Build a Procurement mindset of innovation Foster growth of FOSS businesses Foster FOSS Research & . . . etc Development    
  • 41. How far up into the organisation does the Altitude ecosystem planning reach?    
  • 42. A funnel effect of potential Altitude harm    
  • 43.   Altitude  
  • 44. A few projects in these layers make for a risky ecosystem to be in    
  • 45. South Africa: FOSS Policy 2007 1. Use FOSS. 2. Migrate to FOSS 3. Develop in FOSS 4. Use FOSS Licensing 5. Promote FOSS    
  • 46. Vision clear, socialized Strength of ecosystem The highest leader as an active champion 'Confidence' Training and support FOSS project management capacity Management commitment    
  • 47. Knowledgeable user community Strength of ecosystem Procurement policies Business partners Sustainable finance    
  • 48. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Strength of ecosystem Use Adapt Sponsor Join Create    
  • 49. What progress have you seen with the implementation of FOSS Policy 2007? 1. Use FOSS. 2. Migrate to FOSS 3. Develop in FOSS 4. Use FOSS Licensing 5. Promote FOSS    
  • 50. Thank you This presentation was made entirely using Free Software Derek Keats, PhD derek@dkeats.com http://www.dkeats.com   http://facebook.com/dkeats