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Pyramids Of Ancient Egypt


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Pyramids Of Ancient Egypt

  1. 1. Pyramids of ancient Egypt
  2. 2. Where is Giza?
  3. 3. What is a Necropolis? <ul><li>**Definition: A large cemetery or burying place. </li></ul><ul><li>~Necropolises can look very different…….. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Italy
  5. 5. Algeria
  6. 6. Russia
  7. 7. France
  8. 8. Giza Necropolis
  9. 9. 4 Main structures at Giza <ul><li>Sphinx </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramid of Menkaure </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramid of Khafre </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramid of Khufu </li></ul>
  10. 11. Across the Street from the Giza Necropolis:
  11. 12. The Great Sphinx
  12. 13. Great Sphinx ** “Guardian of the Giza Complex”** <ul><li>**The largest single stone statue on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>**Built in 3,000 b.c.e </li></ul><ul><li>**Body of a Lion; Head of a Man </li></ul><ul><li>**Limestone </li></ul>
  13. 14. Great Sphinx <ul><li>Giza Necropolis abandoned: Sphinx buried up to its shoulders </li></ul><ul><li>1925: Sphinx finally dug out completely </li></ul><ul><li>Missing Nose: Some scholars think it was shot of in a war, others believe it was knocked off by an angry King </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 17. Pyramid of Menkaure
  15. 18. Pyramid of Menkaure <ul><li>**Smallest of the Three </li></ul><ul><li>**Limestone and Granite </li></ul><ul><li>Unique: Archaeologist found a beautiful sarcophagus in the Pyramid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now it lays at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea… </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Pyramid of Khafre
  17. 20. Pyramid of Khafre <ul><li>**2 nd Largest Pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>-Steep Sides and Higher ground make it appear as if it’s bigger </li></ul><ul><li>-Blocks weighed 2.5 tons </li></ul><ul><li>**Unique: Still retains some of it’s smooth limestone casing at the top </li></ul>
  18. 22. Khafre’s Pyramid <ul><li> </li></ul>
  19. 23. “Mr. Klumper’s Pyramid Builder”
  20. 26. <ul><li>Limestone Casing </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Shiny </li></ul>
  21. 27. The Great Pyramid
  22. 28. **Pyramid of Khufu** <ul><li>World tallest building for 1,270 years </li></ul><ul><li>**Area of Great Pyramid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>**3 small pyramids for his wives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>**Small tombs for his nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Town for workers: cemetary, bakery, factory, copper melting complex </li></ul></ul>
  23. 29. Pyramid of Khufu <ul><li>Materials and Workforce </li></ul><ul><li>**Roughly 20 year period </li></ul><ul><li>**Paid workers </li></ul><ul><li>-Over 2 Million Blocks </li></ul><ul><li>-Each blocked weighed roughly 2 tons </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>**4 Million Ton Pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>(8,000,000,000 pounds) </li></ul>
  24. 31. Enter the “Great Pyramid”
  25. 32. Before we Enter… <ul><li>-What do you think we will see in the Pyramid? </li></ul><ul><li>~As we walk around, list what we see… </li></ul>