Lesson 1: Fertile Crescent The Beginnings of Mesopotamia Page: 34-39
Where Civilizations Began… <ul><li>3500 b.c.: first civilizations develop. </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization:  group of peopl...
Southwestern Asia <ul><li>Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf** </li></ul><ul><li>Rich, fertile Soil </li></ul><ul><li>T...
Map of Fertile Crescent
Environment of Fertile Crescent…
Near the Mediterranean Sea…(NORTH) <ul><li>Forests: good habitat for… </li></ul>
Further South…Grasslands. Good habitat for…
Environment of Fertile Crescent <ul><li>East: Zagros Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>West: Deserts </li></ul><ul><li>Central: ...
 
Forests Grasslands Zagros Mountains Deserts Plains
Mesopotamia <ul><li>“Land between the Rivers” </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia located between the Tigris River and the Euphr...
 
Climate and Rivers
Climate of Area <ul><li>Not Ideal for Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Summers: Long, hot, and dry (120 d. Far.) </li></ul><ul><l...
PROBLEM: <ul><li>Not Enough Rain for Crops to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers move South (5000 b...
Which is Easier to Grow Crops In?
The Move Southward <ul><li>Plateau </li></ul>Plain
Rivers <ul><li>Permanent Source of Fresh Water </li></ul><ul><li>**Essential for Human Development** </li></ul><ul><li>Fis...
 
Problem <ul><li>Low Rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul>
The People
People of Mesopotamia <ul><li>Problem Solvers </li></ul><ul><li>2 Natural Resources: Water and Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Buil...
Two Groups of People <ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Millet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Transportation On the Rivers
Farming techniques <ul><li>Highly Developed  </li></ul><ul><li>**Surplus: Major Step toward Civilization** </li></ul>
 
 
Growth of City States and Trade
Process of the effect of Farming <ul><li>As farming methods IMPROVE </li></ul><ul><li>People THRIVED </li></ul><ul><li>Pop...
New Settlers Arrive… <ul><li>New Settlers arrive from two parts of the Fertile Crescent. Which two parts? </li></ul>NW W
As More People thrived, villages turned into: CITY-STATES <ul><li>Examples of City States: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uruk </li...
City State <ul><li>An individual UNIT, complete with its own form of GOVERNMENT and TRADITIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopota...
As a result, people can do other jobs: <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Artisans </...
<ul><li>These people would trade their SERVICES for FOOD. (Not money) </li></ul><ul><li>People used TRADING to get the thi...
Traders <ul><li>Traders used BOATS to trade on the RIVER. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gateway to the wider world was the PERSIAN...
TIME LINE <ul><li>7,000 b.c.  People arrive in Fertile Crescent. </li></ul><ul><li>3,500 b.c.  First Civilization in Ferti...
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Lesson 1 Fertile Crescent

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Lesson 1 Fertile Crescent

  1. 1. Lesson 1: Fertile Crescent The Beginnings of Mesopotamia Page: 34-39
  2. 2. Where Civilizations Began… <ul><li>3500 b.c.: first civilizations develop. </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization: group of people who have a complex and organized society. </li></ul><ul><li>--Own customs </li></ul><ul><li>--Own food supply </li></ul><ul><li>--social divisions </li></ul><ul><li>--Own Government </li></ul><ul><li>--Own religion </li></ul><ul><li>--Technology </li></ul>
  3. 3. Southwestern Asia <ul><li>Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf** </li></ul><ul><li>Rich, fertile Soil </li></ul><ul><li>This Land called the Fertile Crescent </li></ul><ul><li>Present Day: Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Israel. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Map of Fertile Crescent
  5. 5. Environment of Fertile Crescent…
  6. 6. Near the Mediterranean Sea…(NORTH) <ul><li>Forests: good habitat for… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Further South…Grasslands. Good habitat for…
  8. 8. Environment of Fertile Crescent <ul><li>East: Zagros Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>West: Deserts </li></ul><ul><li>Central: Plain bordered by two Rivers-- </li></ul><ul><li>Tigris and Euphrates </li></ul>
  9. 10. Forests Grasslands Zagros Mountains Deserts Plains
  10. 11. Mesopotamia <ul><li>“Land between the Rivers” </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia located between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River </li></ul><ul><li>***1 st Civilization*** </li></ul>
  11. 13. Climate and Rivers
  12. 14. Climate of Area <ul><li>Not Ideal for Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Summers: Long, hot, and dry (120 d. Far.) </li></ul><ul><li>May-Oct.: No Rain </li></ul><ul><li>Nov.-April: rain comes as downpour or brief sprinkle </li></ul>
  13. 15. PROBLEM: <ul><li>Not Enough Rain for Crops to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers move South (5000 b.c.) </li></ul>
  14. 16. Which is Easier to Grow Crops In?
  15. 17. The Move Southward <ul><li>Plateau </li></ul>Plain
  16. 18. Rivers <ul><li>Permanent Source of Fresh Water </li></ul><ul><li>**Essential for Human Development** </li></ul><ul><li>Fish for Food </li></ul><ul><li>Soil very rich because rivers over-flowed often </li></ul>
  17. 20. Problem <ul><li>Low Rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul>
  18. 21. The People
  19. 22. People of Mesopotamia <ul><li>Problem Solvers </li></ul><ul><li>2 Natural Resources: Water and Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Building: cut reeds from Marshy Areas and built huts </li></ul><ul><li>Bricks: mud and straw </li></ul>
  20. 23. Two Groups of People <ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Millet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Onions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Garlic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lettuce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>apples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Herders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheep </li></ul></ul>
  21. 24. Transportation On the Rivers
  22. 25. Farming techniques <ul><li>Highly Developed </li></ul><ul><li>**Surplus: Major Step toward Civilization** </li></ul>
  23. 28. Growth of City States and Trade
  24. 29. Process of the effect of Farming <ul><li>As farming methods IMPROVE </li></ul><ul><li>People THRIVED </li></ul><ul><li>Population GREW </li></ul>
  25. 30. New Settlers Arrive… <ul><li>New Settlers arrive from two parts of the Fertile Crescent. Which two parts? </li></ul>NW W
  26. 31. As More People thrived, villages turned into: CITY-STATES <ul><li>Examples of City States: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uruk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lagash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nippur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Umma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ur </li></ul></ul>
  27. 32. City State <ul><li>An individual UNIT, complete with its own form of GOVERNMENT and TRADITIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia is a REGION, which means there is no one single POWER controlling all of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of SURPLUS FOOD, not everyone has to farm anymore. </li></ul>
  28. 33. As a result, people can do other jobs: <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Artisans </li></ul><ul><li>Craftspeople </li></ul>
  29. 34. <ul><li>These people would trade their SERVICES for FOOD. (Not money) </li></ul><ul><li>People used TRADING to get the things they lacked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul></ul>
  30. 35. Traders <ul><li>Traders used BOATS to trade on the RIVER. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gateway to the wider world was the PERSIAN Gulf </li></ul><ul><li>Also a way to spread Mesopotamian CULTURE to other parts of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>And to bring other CULTURES into Mesopotamia </li></ul>
  31. 36. TIME LINE <ul><li>7,000 b.c. People arrive in Fertile Crescent. </li></ul><ul><li>3,500 b.c. First Civilization in Fertile Crescent </li></ul><ul><li>3,500 b.c. City-States of Mesopotamia rose </li></ul>

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