Hunters And Gatherers PowerPoint

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Hunters And Gatherers PowerPoint

  1. 1. Objective: To Learn about the early Hunters and Gatherers
  2. 2. Hunters and Gatherers Lesson 1: Page 10-16
  3. 3. Vocabulary
  4. 4. <ul><li>Prehistory </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeologist </li></ul><ul><li>Artifact </li></ul><ul><li>Migrate </li></ul><ul><li>Glacier </li></ul>-Long period of time before people developed systems of writing. -Huge Ice Sheets -to move from one place to another -study of past cultures through the things that remain such as buildings, tools, or pottery. -an object made by people long ago -A scientist who uncovers evidence, or proof, from the past.
  5. 5. Studying PreHistory <ul><li>Long period of Time before people developed systems of writing and written language. </li></ul><ul><li>No books, letters, or newspapers from prehistory. </li></ul>We can still learn about these pre-historic times…
  6. 6. Archaeology <ul><li>What is Archaeology? </li></ul>(Archaeology video) Study of past cultures through the things that remain: buildings, tools, pottery, etc.
  7. 7. Artifacts
  8. 8. More Artifacts… <ul><li>Ash from Campfire </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>We need to figure out: </li></ul><ul><li>The gender of the owner </li></ul><ul><li>The age of the owner </li></ul>
  10. 10. Early People <ul><li>Using artifacts, Archaeologist can determine where people migrated from and where they went. </li></ul><ul><li>Migrate: human movement </li></ul>
  11. 11. Early People
  12. 13. Ice Age <ul><li>11,000 years ago: Earth was in an Ice Age </li></ul>
  13. 14. Glacier <ul><li>1.6 Million Years ago until 10,000 years ago </li></ul>
  14. 15. Glaciers Melt….
  15. 16. Giant Ground Sloth
  16. 17. Saber Tooth Cat
  17. 19. American Mastodon
  18. 21. Big Horned Bison
  19. 22. How did People get to North America? <ul><li>During Ice Age, Seas were lower than they are today. WHY??? </li></ul><ul><li>The Result: A Land Bridge connected Asia to Alaska. </li></ul>Beringia or Bering Strait
  20. 23. Bering Strait <ul><li>Google Earth Measure Tool </li></ul>
  21. 24. Early Americans <ul><li>Clovis, NM—11,000 year old artifacts </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Migration Path of Early Americans </li></ul><ul><li>11,500 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Was it a fast Migration? </li></ul>1,000 years
  23. 27. New Discovery-Different Path <ul><li>20 years ago: Discovery at Monte Verde, Chile. </li></ul>
  24. 28. Monte Verde, Chile <ul><li>Archaeologists found artifacts from 12,500 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Disputed: May prove scientists were wrong with Clovis, NM. </li></ul>
  25. 29. Topper Site <ul><li>18,000 Year Old Artifacts </li></ul>
  26. 30. Sequence <ul><li>11,500 years ago: Clovis, NM </li></ul><ul><li>12,500 years ago: Monte Verde, Chile </li></ul><ul><li>18,000 years ago: Topper Site (South Carolina) </li></ul>

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