• Located in Eastern Caribbean Between the N. Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea• Sits on the Western 1/3 of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with the Dominican Republic
CLIMATE• Humid Tropical, semiarid climate.• Due to differences in elevation and exposure to dominant winds there is a great deal of variation in both the length and intensity of the countries rainy seasons.• the southern part of the country with two rainy seasons: from March to early June, and from August to October;• the central part with one rainy season from April to October;• the northern part, with one rainy season from September to June with a maximum peak in November- December. These rains are mainly due to the northern trade winds.• Located in the middle of the hurricane belt & so experiences numerous hurricanes yearly.
Terrain 22,750 sq. km of total land with 50.6 % utilized foragricultural purposes.(Roughly the size of Maryland)• Very mountainous with 75% of the country above 600 feet. Name translates to“Land of high Mountains”
• History• The Island of Hispaniola was discovered by Christopher Columbus on December 6, 1492.• Indigenous, the Taino Indians spoke the language called Arawakan and referred to the island as Kiskeya.• Natives fell under Spanish rule and in time were wiped out almost entirely by disease introduced by newcomers.• Early 16th Century brought about the arrival of African slaves imported to work as miners for gold and workers for the sugar plantations.• In 1791 Slaves revolted under Francois-Dominique Toussaint Louverture against the French and in 1804 Haiti became the first black led republic in the world.• Second nation after U.S to declare and win independence from European powers
• Population of 9,718,932 (2011 est.)• 85% are of African descent with the remainder of mixed/mulatto heritage.Catholic is dominant religion (close to 80%) however astrong number are active believers in Voodoo(53% ..CIA)
Politics Haitis Jean-Bertrand Aristide was the first presidentto be elected in Haiti and he took office on February7, 1991-Overthrown that September in a government take-over.From October 1991 to September 1994 Haiti had agovernment dominated by a military regimeToday Haiti is a republic with two legislative bodies.The first is the Senate which comprises the NationalAssembly while the second is the Chamber ofDeputies.
• Large percentage of the population are involved in subsistence agriculture. (38%)• Main Exports are bauxite, cocoa, coffee, essential oils, light industrial manufacturing, mangoes, sisal, and sugar.
Agriculture practices suffer do to land erosion due toheavy deforestation. Estimated 15,000 acres of top soilare washed away every year.• Deforestation also responsible for exaggerated fall out from hurricanes that result in massive land slides.
In 1923 over 60% of land was forested; by 2006 less than 2%remained
Millions of Haitians live abroad due to the hardships found in HaitiThe Dominican Republic, United States, Cuba, Canada (primarily Montreal),Bahamas, France, French Antilles and other French speaking nations are the mostpopular destinations.Over 700,000 Haitians in the United States alone
References• CIA WORLD Facts- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the- world-factbook/geos/ha.html• The History of Haiti (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations) [Hardcover]Steeve Coupeou• www.webster.edu/~corbetre/haiti/history/histo ry.htm• www.kreyol.com/history.html• Cbsnews.com