2012 gandhi pt3

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India after Independence. Covers Nehru - Gandhi Dynasty and issues of Pakistan, Kashmir, Standard of Living, Social Issues.

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2012 gandhi pt3

  1. 1. G A N D H IGandhi Part 3
  2. 2. NehruJinnah
  3. 3. India’s Government Central and state goverment share power  Central govt. is more powerful (unlike US) Parliamentary Democracy  Based on British model  2 houses – lower house (Lok Sabha) is more powerful, voters elect members directly  President – Head of State, but little power  Prime Minister – leader of party who wins most seats in Parliament
  4. 4. EXAMPLE …ISRAEL’S GOVERNMENT ELECTION RESULTS MIGHT BE: PARTY “A” (51%) “B” (35%) “C” (15%) OTHER COUNTRIES…… JAPAN AND ENGLAND DIET PARLIAMENT
  5. 5. NEHRU - GANDHI “DYNASTY”DOMINATE INDIA’S POLITICS FROM INDEPENDENCE THROUGH TODAY
  6. 6. Nehru – Gandhi “Dynasty” 1. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU 2. INDIRA GANDHI Daughter 3. RAJIV GANDHI Grandson 4. SONIA GANDHI Rajiv’s Wife1st Prime Minister ofIndia 1947-1964
  7. 7. INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS Led India to Independence Becomes the CONGRESS PARTYDominated Indian Politics for most of the time since independence in 1947
  8. 8. Nehru: 1st Prime Minister 1.Economic Concerns >Improve Standard of Living
  9. 9. Pd 84/232. *Non-alignment Policy > Question: How to remain neutral during Cold War? India - Neutral during Cold War Period > Remained neutral by not aligning (allying) with US or Soviet Union > Nehru keeps foreign influence out of India by decreasing foreign investment (not borrowing money or taking aid) Pd 2/3 – 4/23
  10. 10. Pd 34/233. Socialist Economy> Question: How can India’s economy be built withoutgoing into debt? Nehru’s Goal: Self-sufficiency • Industrialization • Introduces socialism to economy – government control of industries like steel, mining, transportation and energy. WHICH WORKS BETTER TO IMPROVE THE ECONOMY?GOVERNMENT OR PRIVATE BUISNESS/CAPITALISM (FREE MARKET ECONOMY)?4. Problems with Pakistan and China
  11. 11. Indira Gandhi Nehru’s daughter  No relation to Mohandas Gandhi A controversial leader 1966- 1975 1977- 1984Pd 7 – 4/23
  12. 12.  Prime Minister twice Tried to control population Supports new nation -Bangladesh Ruled through state of emergency 1966- 1975
  13. 13.  Tried to control SIKH nationalism 1977- 1984– Golden Shrine attacked Assassinated 1984 by Sikh Guards
  14. 14. Sikhism Sikhism - religion originated in Punjab – an area in  Sikhism -India & Pakistan. in Punjab – an area in religion originated India and Pakistan. Belief in one supreme god  Belief in one supreme god Gurus – religious philosophers & teachers  Gurus – religious philosophers & teachers A Sikh is to: mediate, work diligently and to  A Sikh is to: mediate, work diligently and to share share one’s creations one’s creations Male Sikhs have the name SINGH somewhere  Male Sikhs havethe name SINGH somewhere in intheir name. their name.  Male Sikhs arerecognized by their turbans Male Sikhs are recognized by their turbans
  15. 15.  Sikhs traditionally wear:  Uncut hair/Turban  Wooden combs  Special underwear  Iron bracelets  Swords/knife  ***all designed to show honesty, equality, fidelity, meditating on God, and never bowing to tyranny. PRIME MINISTER MANMOHAN
  16. 16. • Elected, Congress Party • Succeeds Indira Gandhi • Less Skill than Mother or Grandfather (Nehru) RAJIV • Assassinated GANDHI SONIA GANDHIIndira’s Son (RAJIV GANDHI’S WIFE)1985 - 1991 INFLUENTIAL LEADER IN CONGRESS PARTY TODAY (2012)
  17. 17. India & Pakistan TensionsPakistan’s Former Leader India’s LeaderFormer President Prime MinisterPervez Musharraf Manmohan Singh Benazir Bhutto Assassination Video
  18. 18. Pakistan Today A Balancing Act???Osama bin BenazirLaden … What about Relations Bhutto …Did with India?? assassinatedPakistan while tryingHelp U.S. to promoteFight democraticTerrorism? elections Not Really! President Zardari Of Pakistan (Bhutto’s
  19. 19. India Today
  20. 20. THE “BUCK” STOPSPresident HERE. – President Bush Harry S. Truman
  21. 21. India Today? Bollywood (Hindi: }, Urdu: ) is the informal name givenGLOBALIZATION to the popular Mumbai- based Hindustani language film industry in India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BollywoodUNTOUCHABLES

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