China’s Background (People’s Republic of China)End of WWII (1945)• Start of Cold War Period and the ….• Civil War between. . . . > Chinese Communists & Nationalist Chinese >U.S. supports Nationalists, Nationalists Lose • Nationalist Chinese go to Taiwan • China on Taiwan known as “The Republic of China”• Chinese Communists takeover Mainland China 1949 • China’s Official Name = People’s Republic of China Mao Zedong 1949 - 1976
China’s Background (People’s Republic of China)• Language Reform Main Dialect = Mandarin • “Spell” and write the language the way it “Sounds” in Mandarin “X” = Sh • Spell Sound = “PINYIN” “Q” = Ch Mao Tse-Tung Mao Zedong
China TODAY 1970 – 1980 until the present (2012), some changes occur in China.• Politically – Still a one party, authoritarian government. “NO Bill of Rights” for freedom of speech, assembly, religion etc.• Socially – “Normal”• Economically – Driven by Capitalism
China compared with the U. S. in Size China United States Size 3.7 million 3.6 million C h in a square miles square miles Main Himalayas Rockies physical barrier Main Yangtze or Mississippi / River Chang (East – North – West) SouthU n it e d S t a t e s Population East Coast East Coast Connectivity North - East - West problems South SOURCE: Topic 5: “The Awakening Giant” by Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University.
Countries & Regions Russia Mongolia N. Korea S> Korea Tibet Indian TaiwanSubcontinent Southeast Philippines Asia