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10 new republic washington adams (12).ppt

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10 new republic washington adams (12).ppt

  1. 1. Washington, Hamilton, Jefferson, Adams
  2. 2. • Did not run • Elected unanimously by Electoral College – Twice! • VP was the question •John Adams
  3. 3. • Guide for later action • Examples •Cabinet •Attorney General •2 term limit
  4. 4. •War •Gen. Henry Knox •State •Thomas Jefferson •Treasury •Alexander Hamilton
  5. 5. Jefferson Hamilton Vs.
  6. 6. • Background •Aide to Washington during War •At Constitutional Convention • Wanted a strong central government • President for life • Outvoted - little influence •Urged NY to ratify Const.
  7. 7. • Background •Architect, Lawyer •Diplomat to France •Author of Dec. of Ind. •Separation of Church and State • Founded the University of Virginia • Favored a small central
  8. 8. •Main Issue - France •Revolution •War with England •They ask us for Help •Washington’s Response:
  9. 9. •National Debt •State Debts •Bank of the US •Necessary and Proper Clause •Economic Troubles •Regulate Trade - Protective Tariffs
  10. 10. •Loose vs. Strict Constructionists •Hamilton? •Loose •Necessary & Proper Clause – “Elastic Clause” •Jefferson & Madison? •Strict
  11. 11. •Who does Pres. Washington agree with most often? •Hamilton •Arguments lead to the first political parties
  12. 12. • Hamilton and Supporters? •Federalists • Jefferson and Supporters? •Democratic- Republicans
  13. 13. • Federalists? •Lawyers, Merchants, ship owners and Industrialists •Mostly in Northeast • Democratic-Republicans? •Small farmers •Mostly in the South and West
  14. 14. • Another Precedent •His most important one? •Steps down after 2 terms • Jefferson and Adams run for the Presidency in 1796 •Winner? •Adams 71 to 68
  15. 15. • How was the Vice President chosen? •2nd Place winner •Jefferson becomes VP
  16. 16. • Washington gives some final advice to the country before his second term is over • Two “themes”
  17. 17. • Neutrality Abroad •No permanent Alliances •Temporary ones? • Ok if necessary •Trade agreements are great
  18. 18. • Neutrality Abroad • How long did we listen? • 150 years • Unity at Home • Limit political disagreements • How long did we listen? • About 4 seconds
  19. 19. • Main Issues •Internal Federalist struggles • Alexander Hamilton •XYZ Affair •Alien and Sedition Acts •Midnight Judges
  20. 20. • Adams wanted to negotiate with France • Talleyrand wanted a bribe • Foreign Minister • Wanted a bribe to talk • Sent 3 agents “X, Y, & Z” • We refused • Talk of War
  21. 21. • Hamilton wants war against France •Hurt the Dem-Rep’s • They wanted close ties with France • Adams does not • We’re still too weak • Splits the Federalist Party
  22. 22. • Alien Act •Raises citizenship requirements • 5 to 14 years •Pres. can expel aliens •How does this affect the Dem-Rep party?
  23. 23. • Sedition Act •Can’t “publishing false, scandalous, or malicious writings against the President, Congress, or the Government of the US” •Constitutional? • How does this affect Dem- Rep’s?
  24. 24. • Adams has support cut by Hamilton • Jefferson AND Burr win! •Tie in Electoral College with Aaron Burr •House votes for Jefferson
  25. 25. • Adams is Pres. until Jefferson takes oath • Lots of Federal courts without judges • Stays up late filling them with Federalists • Extends life of Federalist Party

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