What is the libero?
The volleyball libero is a defensive specialist position in
indoor volleyball. The position was added to the game
in 1999 along with special rules for play in order to
foster more digs and rallies and to make the game
more exciting. The libero remains in the game at all
times and is the only player not limited by rules of
rotation. He usually replaces the middle blocker
position when they rotate to the back row and never
rotates to the front row himself.
• The libero is chosen by the team before the match or
tournament and that designated player must remain
the libero for the entire match or tournament. If the
libero is injured, he/she can be replaced by any player
who is not on the court, but that player must remain
the libero for the remainder of the match.
What does the libero do during a play?
The libero is responsible for a great deal of the passing in
serve receive. Often the libero will be responsible for a
much greater part of the court than his teammates. The
libero is in the game to add ball control, so his main
responsibility is to pass the ball well so the team can run
the offense. On defense the libero needs to dig well, getting
a hand on every ball he can to keep the play alive. Since the
libero has no attack responsibilities, he must chase down
every ball he can. He may also be responsible for setting if
the ball is dug by the setter or out of the setter's range.
What attributes are important in a libero?
• Good passer
Setter is in charge of the offense. She decides
who should get the ball and when. It
doesn't matter how good a team's hitters
are if it doesn't have a setter that can
consistently deliver a good ball to hit. The
setter is a very important position in
What does the setter do during a play?
• Before the serve, make sure that all of your teammates are lined up
correctly and there is no overlap
• Communicate with each hitter to make sure they knows the play
they will run and what set they will hit.
• Wait for the opponent's serve to cross the net and then move into
position for the perfect pass which is at the net, just right of the
middle of the court.
• Make a decision about which hitter gets the ball based on the
position of the pass, the availability of your hitters, the other team's
blocker position and abilities and the other team's defense. Setter
may also decide to dump or put the ball over the net on the second
contact depending on these factors.
• On defense in the front row, the setter blocks on the right side
against the other team's outside hitter.Once the ball crosses back
into your court, get into position to set the ball in transition.
• On defense in the back row, dig from the right back if necessary.
Make sure another player knows you need them to set if you make
the dig. If you don't dig the ball, get to the net quickly to set the ball
• What attributes are important in a setter?
• Good leadership skills
• Good hands
• Good communication skills
• Good understanding of the game
• Quick decision-maker
• Ability to multi-task
• What is the Middle Blocker?
On defense, the Middle Blocker position is the
player at the net in the middle of the court
between the two outside blockers. The middle
blocker strives to be involved in blocking the
opponent's hitters wherever they may be on
the court. On offense, the middle blocker will
usually hit quick sets or serve as a decoy to
confuse the opponent's blockers if the pass is
What does the Middle Blocker Do During a Play?
• Before your team serves the ball, line up directly in front of the
other team's setter, just to left of the middle of the court
• Find the hitters on your opponent's side and point them out to your
• Watch the hitters after the ball is served to see where they are
• Read the setter and determine where she is going to send the ball
• Move to where you need to be to block the hitter.
• Close the block and penetrate the net with your arms.
• If the ball gets by you, get back quickly in transition and approach
for a quick set.
What Attributes Are Important in a Middle Blocker?
What is an Outside Hitter?
An outside hitter is the player who hits and blocks
on the front left side of the court. This player is
also known as a left side hitter. On offense, this
person is usually one of the main passers and a
go-to hitter. The outside hitter gets lots of swings
at the ball not only because she is a solid hitter,
but because the outside is where the ball goes
most often when the pass is not perfect. The high
outside set is the easiest and safest choice when
the pass is off the net and other options are
What Does an Outside Hitter Do During a Play?
• Passes the ball in serve receive
• On defense, she calls out the hitters on the other side of the net
• Watches the hitters to see which one is coming her way
• Sets the block in the right place so the middle blocker can close to
• On offense, runs the play that the setter calls
• Is ready to take a good swing or make a good play over the net
whether the set is good or bad
• Covers the other hitters
What Attributes Are Important in an Outside Hitter?
• Good height, but not necessarily the tallest on the team
• Good ball-handling Skills
• Good passer and digger
• Solid hitter who can kill a perfect set and can also work with an off
the net or over the shoulder set
What is the Opposite volleyball position?
The opposite position gets its name because
this player is placed opposite of the setter in
the rotation. The Opposite plays on the right
side in the front and back row. Because of the
location on the court, the opposite may be
responsible for some setting when the setter
What does the Opposite Do During a Play?
• Call out the opponent's hitters on the other side of the net before
• Watch to see where the hitters are going and be ready to help out
with blocking a shoot set to the middle or an "X" play.
• Set the block on the outside hitter so the middle can close to you
• Be prepared to set the dig if it comes quickly and your setter cannot
• Cover your hitter if you do not get the set.
What Attributes Are Important in an Opposite?
• Good height
• Good blocking skill
• Good hands
• Good passer
1. Touch or go over the line when u serve
2. Touch the net
3. Carry the ball
4. Double hit
6. You can cross the net line, so long as your foot is
touching the line.
7. Back line player can not jump in front of the attack
line. They however can jump behind it and land in
8. You have to be inside the line when any person is
serving. If touching the line that is a foul.
9. Blocker; when blocking can't have hand on other
side if ball is not on their side.