Facilitating Small Groups


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This presentation was a part of a Mentor Training that I developed for a small faith based organization.

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Facilitating Small Groups

  1. 1. Facilitating Small Groups<br />Mentor Train-the-Trainer<br />
  2. 2. Course Goal<br />This course provides participants with the knowledge and skills necessary to effectively facilitate small group sessions<br />
  3. 3. Course objectives<br />Participants will be able to:<br />Explain the various stages of group development<br />Identify the characteristics of adult learning<br />Explain the difference between training and facilitation<br />Describe small group facilitation skills and use them during teach-back activities<br />Understand the need to ensure cultural competency when facilitating a group<br />
  4. 4. GROUPS<br />
  5. 5. Group Process<br />Cooperation<br />Coordination<br />Common Procedures<br />Mutual Support<br />
  6. 6. The lifecycle of groups<br />The Stages of Group Development<br />Group Development Characteristics<br />Acquaintance<br />Groundwork<br />Working<br />Closure<br />Interpersonal Issues<br />Group Behavioral Patterns<br />Group Task/Issues<br />Leadership Issues<br />
  7. 7. The lifecycle of groups<br />Acquaintance<br />Orientation<br />Groundwork<br />Organization<br />Working<br />Cohesiveness<br />Closure<br />Separation and re-entry<br />
  8. 8. Acquaintance stage <br />Interpersonal Issues<br />Inclusion<br />Group/Behavioral Patterns<br />Identity<br />Group Task/Issues<br />Dependence<br />Leadership Issues<br />Commitment<br />
  9. 9. Groundwork stage<br />Interpersonal Issues<br />Control<br />Group/Behavioral Patterns<br />Norm Setting<br />Group Task/Issues<br />Decision Making Process<br />Leadership Issues<br />Counter-Dependence<br />
  10. 10. Working stage<br />Interpersonal Issues<br />Affection<br />Group/Behavioral Patterns<br />Negotiation/Cohesion<br />Group Task/Issues<br />Functional Relationships<br />Leadership Issues<br />Interdependence<br />
  11. 11. Closure stage<br />Interpersonal Issues<br />Separation<br />Group/Behavioral Patterns<br />Growth and Insight<br />Group Task/Issues<br />Application & Productivity<br />Leadership Issues<br />Independence<br />
  12. 12. ADULT LEARNING<br />
  13. 13. Childhood vs adult learning<br />Major Differences<br />Learners Role<br />Motivation for Learning<br />Choice of Content<br />Method of Focus<br />
  14. 14. Adult learning occurs best when…<br />It is self-directed<br />Fills an immediate need<br />Is participatory in nature<br />Provides feedback<br />Shows respect for learner<br />Occurs in a comfortable environment<br />
  15. 15. The Learning process<br />Knowledge<br />“I know”<br />Skills<br />“I can”<br />Attitudes<br />“I will”<br />Competence<br />“I show”<br />Performance<br />“I do”<br />
  16. 16. FACILITATION<br />
  17. 17. tRAINING<br />To Coach or accustom a mode of behavior<br />To provide knowledge of; instruct in<br />To carry on instruction on a regular basis<br />
  18. 18. Facilitation<br />The act of making easier<br />Increasing the likelihood or effectiveness of a behavior or a response<br />
  19. 19. Training vs facilitation-what happens?<br />Training <br />Facilitation<br />You tell and show<br />You talk<br />You have the knowledge<br />You have the experience<br />Requires more preparation<br />Participants work it out<br />Participants talk<br />You both have the knowledge<br />You both have the experience<br />Requires less preparation<br />
  21. 21. FACILITATION ACTIVITIES<br />pRESENTATION<br />demonstration<br />Conveys information<br />Lecture/ Q & A<br />Useful for large groups<br />Conveys lots of material in a short time<br />Provides an overview<br />Teaches a specific skill <br />Models a step by step approach<br />Easy to focus participants attention<br />Requires planning<br />Not useful in large groups<br />
  22. 22. FACILITATION ACTIVITIES<br />Case Study <br />Role play<br />Written description of a situation<br />Participants can relate to study<br />Participant are involved<br />Use of analysis and discussion<br />Not always one right solution<br />Two or more individuals act out scenario<br />Helps to challenge attitudes<br />Spontaneous<br />Enables participants to explore alternative scenarios and approaches<br />
  23. 23. FACILITATION ACTIVITIES<br />Simulation <br />Small Group Discussion<br />Enactment of real-life situation<br />Participants are able to discover and react <br />High level of involvement<br />Applies knowledge, develops skills<br />Enhances problem-solving skills<br />Participants learn from each other<br />Clarifies personal values<br />Participation encouraged<br />Promotes teamwork<br />
  24. 24. The Facilitators Role<br />
  25. 25. The Facilitator role<br />Attending<br />Clarifying<br />Supporting<br />Informing<br />Probing<br />Motivating<br />Evaluation<br />Problem Solving<br />
  26. 26. The Facilitators Role<br />Attending<br />clarifying<br />Reflect before responding<br />Use brief responses<br />Use phrases, terms familiar to participants<br />Be spontaneous <br />Perception checking<br />Clarification of alternatives<br />Request for further information<br />
  27. 27. The Facilitators Role<br />supporting<br />probing<br />Involves actively providing feedback<br />Communicates feelings of security<br />Acknowledgement of persons feelings<br />Facilitators attempt to gain more information<br />Used to guide the discussion<br />Open-ended questions<br />Exploratory in nature<br />
  28. 28. Managing a challenging group<br />Distracted Participant<br />Expert<br />Joker<br />Late Arriver/Early Leaver<br />Nay-sayer<br />Quiet One<br />Side-Bar Talker<br />
  29. 29. Managing a challenging group<br />Interrupter<br />Corrector<br />Long-Winded<br />Grouch<br />Prisoner<br />
  30. 30. The meaning and use of silence<br />Attending<br />Listening<br />Shows support<br />Opportunity for participants to talk<br />Use as a method to probe<br />Fatigue<br />
  31. 31. Cultural Competency<br />Group differences<br />Culture<br />Ethnicity<br />Value diversity<br />Self-Assessment<br />Cultural Knowledge<br />Cultural Awareness<br />Cultural Sensitivity<br />
  32. 32. Six basic guidelines to remember!<br />Introduce the purpose<br />Talk about yourself and your qualifications<br />Provide an overview or agenda<br />Establish ground rules<br />Explain anticipated outcome<br />Build trust and respect with the group<br />
  33. 33. Happy Facilitating! <br />