Applied Linguistics 1226608834959619 9


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Applied Linguistics 1226608834959619 9

  1. 2. Science Definition <ul><li>The word science comes from the Latin &quot;scientia,&quot; meaning knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>In simple words, science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge. This system uses observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena. The term science also refers to the organized body of knowledge people have gained using that system. Less formally, the word science often describes any systematic field of study or the knowledge gained from it. ( </li></ul><ul><li>In its broadest sense, science (from the Latin scientia, meaning &quot;knowledge&quot;) refers to any systematic knowledge or practice. In its more usual restricted sense, science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method, as well as to the organized body of knowledge gained through such research. (Wikipedia) </li></ul>
  2. 3. Technology definition <ul><li>Technology is the process by which humans modify nature to meet their needs and wants. ( </li></ul><ul><li>“ Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its environment. In human society, it is a consequence of science and engineering..” (Wikipedia) </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is applied linguistics? <ul><li>Is an interdisciplinary field of study that identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language-related real life problems. Some of the academic fields related to applied linguistics are education, linguistics, psychology, anthropology, and sociology. </li></ul><ul><li>It puts linguistic theories into practice in areas such as foreign language teaching, speech therapy, translation, and speech pathology. (Wikipedia) </li></ul>What is general linguistics? <ul><li>Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It endeavours to answer the question--what is language and how is represented in the mind? </li></ul><ul><li>Along with psychology, philosophy and computer science (AI), linguistics is ultimately concerned with how the human brain functions. ( </li></ul>
  4. 5. Phonetics , the study of the physical properties of sounds of human language. Phonology , the study of sounds as discrete, abstract elements in the speaker's mind that distinguish meaning. Morphology , the study of internal structures of words and how they can be modified. Syntax , the study of how words combine to form grammatical sentences . Semantics , the study of the meaning of words (lexical semantics) and fixed word combinations (phraseology), and how these combine to form the meanings of sentences. Pragmatics , the study of how utterances are used (literally, figuratively, or otherwise) in communicative acts. Discourse analysis , the analysis of language use in texts (spoken, written, or signed) General divisions of linguistics
  5. 6. General divisions of applied linguistics Major branches of applied linguistics include bilingualism and multilingualism, computer-mediated communication (CMC), conversation analysis, language assessment, literacies, discourse analysis, language pedagogy, sociolinguistics, second language acquisition, language planning and policies, pragmatics, forensic linguistics, and translation.
  6. 7. Is a language teacher an applied linguist? Yes Who else is an applied linguist? Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) or Speech and Language Therapists and translators, etc.
  7. 8. Is a language teacher an artist, a craftman, a technologist or a scientist? To a mind of flint, the teacher must be iron, and strike sparks. To the empty pitcher, the teacher becomes a well. To the fallow mind, a planter of seeds. To the cluttered mind, a gardener to weed, shape, and clear a space for growing. To the lens, the teacher is light, and to the mind of light, a lens. To the sleeper, the teacher is the wake-up call of birds at sunrise. To clay, the teacher is potter, sculptor, and trainer in self-shaping. To the wanderer, the teacher is a knowing guide. To the developed mind, the teacher is colleague, listener, friend. To all, the teacher is a mirror that shows not only the self but the path and its choices, the task and its demands--the difficulties, the joys. To all and from all, the teacher is a learner, a person--and a prism through which the ordinary continuously reveals itself to be miraculous. (by Gerald Grow )