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Teaching the Documentary NELMS 2015 Presentation


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Unit on World War II concentrating on historical documentaries that tell a good story. Students use the Ken Burns formula to create their own documentary about one aspect of the war experience.

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Teaching the Documentary NELMS 2015 Presentation

  1. 1. Teaching the Documentary Dolores Frazer Ashland Middle School
  2. 2. The Power of Story Everyone loves a great story. Stories teach us things, move us emotionally, and form the basis for how we understand the world. But what is the formula for a great story?
  3. 3. Common Core Alignment • Understand analyze, evaluate, and create texts in various media formats • Understand, analyze, and evaluate appropriately complex selections of informational text. • Use technology to produce and publish work for a specific audience and purpose.
  4. 4. Considerations for Mentor Texts • Interesting topic to explore • Scaffolding of lessons to teach content • Differentiation of assessment product • Access to technology
  5. 5. Unit Topic: World War II • Bomb by Steve Sheinkin • Flags of Our Fathers by James Bradley • Maya Lin: A Clear Strong Vision by Freida Lee Mock
  6. 6. The Ken Burns Effect Documentary filmmaker, Ken Burns, talks about the techniques that make up his signature style.
  7. 7. The Ken Burns Effect: Content Vocabulary Visual • Photograph • Newsreel • Interview • Live Cinematography Oral • First Person • Third Person • Sound Effects • Music
  8. 8. The Photograph Content Vocabulary • Focal point • Foreground/Ba ckground • Framing • Movement (pan and zoom) Style • Where is the story? • What is the emotional impact ? • If the image were moving, what would you hear, smell, feel?
  9. 9. Teaching Photographic Analysis 1. Observe 2. Explore 3. Make Inferences 4. Inquire Further “It isn’t what a picture is of, it is what it is about.” John Szarkowski
  10. 10. Modeling in the Curriculum
  11. 11. Lesson Common Core RI 8.7 Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums to present a particular topic or view. Objective Students will compare and contrast how George Strock’s photograph “Dead Americans at Buna Beach” and Ernie Pyle’s article “The Death of Captain Wascow” portray the high cost of war.
  12. 12. Essential Questions • Is there such a thing as a just war? • What is the journalist’s role when documenting war? • How do filmmakers use the Ken Burns formula to create documentaries that tell good stories about real people or events. Learning Activities 1. Define just war. 2. Watch video clips of Pearl Harbor 3. Analyze photo Americans at Buna Beach 4. Discuss animating photographs with Ken Burns effect. 5. Read and respond to Ernie Pyle’s article.
  13. 13. Life Magazine’s Response “And so here it is. This is the reality that lies behind the names that come to rest at last on monuments in the leafy squares of busy American towns. The camera doesn’t show America and yet here on the beach is America, three parts of a hundred and thirty million parts, three fragments of that life we call American life: three units of freedom. So that it is not just these boys who have fallen here, it is freedom that has fallen. It is our task to cause it to rise again.”
  14. 14. The Interview Salvatore Guinta’s Story Content Style Point of View
  15. 15. The Comparative Analysis Salvatore Guinta Mike Strank Capt. Wascow
  16. 16. Introduction to Flags of Our Fathers The Mission The Men Two Photographs, One Big Controversy The Legacy
  17. 17. Assessment Scoring the Response • Checklist or Rubric • Expectations • Feedback • Reflection Curriculum Embedded Experiences Mirror PARCC Expectations Common Core W.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.
  18. 18. Bomb While reading Bomb, students watch a variety of documentary films to support reading of informational text, and analyze for documentary features The Saboteurs of Vermok (BBC) Hitler’s Sunken Secret (NOVA)
  19. 19. Maya Lin: A Clear, Strong Vision Content • What are the purpose of memorials and how are they designed and built. • What was the controversy over the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and why is that a good story? • Which memorial best exemplifies what a memorial should be and why? Style • How does the filmmaker use film techniques to tell Maya Lin’s story?
  20. 20. Differentiating the Project Choice of Topics • War correspondents • A Veteran’s Story • The Japanese Internment Camps • Memorials
  21. 21. Curating Resources Social Media Google
  22. 22. The Tool: iMovie Give it to them and they will create
  23. 23. iMovie Basics • Collect photos on camera roll. • Drag and drop onto timeline • Record and add audio • Sync images to soundtrack • Add music
  24. 24. The Documentary Student Samples Reflections The Effect of Fear
  25. 25. More Student Samples A Sad Chapter in US History A Forgotten Moment The Story Tellers of War
  26. 26. Student Feedback Choice of Topics is Appealing War Correspondents 27% Japanese Internment 70% Veterans 13% Memorials 30%