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NWMET 2017 Conference

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Slides from the keynote presentation at the Northwest Managers of Educational Technology conference in Helena, MT on April 12, 2017.

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NWMET 2017 Conference

  1. 1. Open Textbooks Let Us Begin David Ernst, PhD University of Minnesota @dernst By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all”
  3. 3. The cost barrier kept 2.4 million low and moderate-income college-qualified high school graduates from completing college in the previous decade. The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf
  4. 4. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  5. 5. $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Montana Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  6. 6. $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Idaho Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  7. 7. $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Washington Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  8. 8. $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Oregon Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  9. 9. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Hours@MinimumWage Hours of Work Required to Afford Tuition (University of Minnesota)
  10. 10. The average borrower owes more than $30,100 in student loans (class of 2015). http://ticas.org/posd/map-state-data Montana = $26,280 Idaho = $27,639 Washington = $24,600 Oregon = $27,697
  11. 11. $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 $1,300 $1,400 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 $Billions US Debt Consumer Revolving Credit Student Loan Debt Federal Reserve http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g19/Current/
  12. 12. What can we do? • Tuition and Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  13. 13. What can we do? • Tuition and Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  14. 14. 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% 500% 600% 700% 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Increase in Textbook Prices Textbooks CPI Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/cpi/
  15. 15. http://www.nbcnews.com/feature/freshman-year/college-textbook-prices-have-risen-812-percent-1978-n399926
  16. 16. The average student should budget $1,230 - $1,390 for textbooks and course materials in 2016-17. https://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate-budgets-2016-17 https://www.carroll.edu/admission-aid/tuition-fees Carroll College = $1,250
  17. 17. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  18. 18. What do you think about the cost of textbooks? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo
  19. 19. Coping with the Cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students • Download textbooks from the internet
  20. 20. –U of MN Student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  21. 21. 59% of students report that they have had to wait for their financial aid check to purchase textbooks. Unpublished Minnesota State University Student Association survey
  22. 22. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  23. 23. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4
  24. 24. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  25. 25. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4IswNs0WWE
  26. 26. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  27. 27. Other models…
  28. 28. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  30. 30. Plus…
  31. 31. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  32. 32. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  33. 33. Customization & Open Pedagogy
  34. 34. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =E1zAcm0lXn0
  35. 35. PM4ID
  36. 36. “All this will not be finished in the first 100 days. Nor will it be finished in the first 1,000 days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin.” - John F. Kennedy January 20, 1961
  37. 37. open.umn.edu
  38. 38. 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 1,400,000 1,600,000 1,800,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Visits Open Textbook Library Traffic Total Visits open.umn.edu Projected Visits
  39. 39. 1 1 8 9 34 114 358 475 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  40. 40. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  41. 41. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  42. 42. 95% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  43. 43. What can you do? • Educate yourself (and your staff) • Join a community dedicated to advancing open education • Make it part of what your unit/department does
  44. 44. David Ernst dernst@umn.edu @dernst Slides: http://slideshare.net/djernst Open Textbook Network Open Textbook Library open.umn.edu By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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