Maryland Open Source Textbook presentation

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  • So, what is the largest part of this cost?
  • I’m not here to debate the merits of textbooks. Some would say we should replace them. I’m really just accepting that they are a significant part of many instructors’ courses. Despite so many changes in the world around us and the volume of information available to instructors and students, they continue to be used.
  • So why do many of us stick to textbooks?[question to audience]So, there are some good reasons to use textbooks…Now,How are textbooks helpful in sharing knowledge?How are textbooks not helpful in sharing knowledge?What do you like about textbooks?What don’t you like about textbooks?From student perspective? From faculty perspective?
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Central Florida survey – don’t take as many courses, ….
  • Costhttp://www.slideshare.net/LornaMCampbell/open-scotland-keynote-cable-green
  • So if I could take this textbook, and make it electronic, that would solve all of our problems. Right?IP
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  • Maryland Open Source Textbook presentation

    1. 1. Maryland Open Source Textbook Workshop November 5, 2013 David Ernst, PhD CIO, College of Education and Human Development Kristi Jensen, MLS eLearning Librarian, University Libraries Open Textbook Initiative University of Minnesota
    2. 2. 9:30 Breakfast 10:00 Welcome /Overview/Why Open Textbooks? (Large group) 11:00 Break 11:15 Continued Discussion (Large group) 12:00 Lunch and Roundtable Discussions – Barriers to Adopting Open Textbooks (Small groups) 12:45 Break 1:00 Reporting out from the Discussions and Overcoming Barriers (Large group) 1:30 Next Steps 2:00 Adjourn
    3. 3. Prepare Now! • Navigate to http://m.socrative.com • Enter room number: 325693 • Wait for further instructions during the workshop #MOSTworkshop
    4. 4. Education
    5. 5. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4400920718/
    6. 6. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4400190173/
    7. 7. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4400870886/
    8. 8. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4195782790/
    9. 9. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4196801404/
    10. 10. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4400439155/
    11. 11. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/3276362120/
    12. 12. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/elmiracollege/3983670183/
    13. 13. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/3275541921/
    14. 14. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/electricwindows/284391881/
    15. 15. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4196821294/
    16. 16. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/jirka_matousek/9123066427/
    17. 17. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/3276364632/
    18. 18. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4400552225/
    19. 19. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4401294912/
    20. 20. Education http://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/4400484443/
    21. 21. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all…” The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations) - http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/
    22. 22. Question #1 How many low and moderate-income college-qualified high school graduates did not complete college in the last decade due to cost barriers? http://m.socrative.com Room number: 325693
    23. 23. The cost barrier kept 2.4 million low and moderate-income collegequalified high school graduates from completing college in the previous decade. The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf
    24. 24. Bachelor's Degree Losses Among CollegeQualified High School Graduates 57% 50% 36% 20% Low Moderate The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf Middle High
    25. 25. Bachelor's Degree Losses Among CollegeQualified High School Graduates 57% 50% 36% 20% Low Moderate The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf Middle High
    26. 26. Bachelor's Degree Losses Among CollegeQualified High School Graduates 1.25 million Low 1.14 million Moderate The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf Middle High
    27. 27. Bachelor's Degree Losses Among CollegeQualified High School Graduates 57% 50% 36% 20% Low Moderate The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf Middle High
    28. 28. Bachelor's Degree Losses Among CollegeQualified High School Graduates 57% 50% 36% 20% Low Moderate The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf Middle High
    29. 29. Bachelor's Degree Losses Among CollegeQualified High School Graduates 2.44 million 2.19 million 0.92 million Low Moderate The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf Middle High
    30. 30. http://www.sheeo.org/sites/default/files/publications/All%20States%20Wavechart%202012%20REV20130322.pdf $10,000 Maryland Higher Education Funding - $/FTE $9,000 $8,000 $7,000 $6,000 $5,000 $4,000 $3,000 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Educ. Appropiations Tuition Revenue
    31. 31. Question #2 Financial stress is the main reason that students don’t complete their degree. What % of students do not graduate with any credential within six years? http://m.socrative.com Room number: 325693
    32. 32. Financial stresses are the main reason that 46% of enrolled students do not graduate with any credential within six years. HCM Strategists http://www.hcmstrategists.com/americandream2-0/report/HCM_Gates_Report_1_17_web.pdf
    33. 33. Question #3 In 2002, students borrowed $56 billion. In 2012, students borrowed $__________. http://m.socrative.com Room number: 325693
    34. 34. In 2012, students borrowed $113 billion (compare to $56 billion in 2002) HCM Strategists http://www.hcmstrategists.com/americandream2-0/report/HCM_Gates_Report_1_17_web.pdf
    35. 35. The average borrower owes more than $26,600 in student loans (class of 2011) Institute for College Access and Success http://www.ticas.org/files/pub/Release_SDR12_101812.pdf
    36. 36. Billions $1,300 $1,200 $1,100 $1,000 $900 $800 $700 $600 $500 $400 1/2006 1/2007 1/2008 1/2009 Student Loan Debt Federal Reserve http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g19/Current/ 1/2010 1/2011 Consumer Revolving Credit 1/2012 1/2013
    37. 37. What can we do? Tuition and Fees Room and Board Books and Supplies Personal Expenses Transportation https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/pay-for-college/college-costs/quick-guide-college-costs
    38. 38. What can we do? Tuition and Fees Room and Board Books and Supplies Personal Expenses Transportation https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/pay-for-college/college-costs/quick-guide-college-costs
    39. 39. Textbooks
    40. 40. Question #4 Compared to the rate of inflation, how much have textbook prices increased in the past 30 years? http://m.socrative.com Room number: 325693
    41. 41. Textbook prices have risen 4x the rate of inflation. https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/pay-for-college/college-costs/quick-guide-college-costs
    42. 42. 700% Cost Increase – Textbooks vs. Inflation 600% 500% 400% 300% 200% 100% 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 0% Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ Textbooks CPI
    43. 43. Question #5 How much can the average student expect to pay for textbooks and course materials in 2013-14? http://m.socrative.com Room number: 325693
    44. 44. The average student can expect to pay $1,200 on textbooks and course materials in 2013-14. https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/pay-for-college/college-costs/quick-guide-college-costs
    45. 45. Discussion Where have you witnessed the impacts of textbook costs on your students’ academic performance and/or your teaching. 1. Take 2 minutes for personal reflection on impacts. 2. Share your reflections with your table (10 minutes). 3. Designate one person to record and report your table’s top 3 issues to the large group.
    46. 46. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course
    47. 47. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 25% savings Not always available Not always the right edition http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
    48. 48. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course
    49. 49. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 33% savings Not always available Must return the book after course completion Can’t write or highlight in textbook http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
    50. 50. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course
    51. 51. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 8% savings Not always available Lease model DRM “Book under glass” http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
    52. 52. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course
    53. 53. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 38% of 4th and 5th-year students report that they have had to wait for their financial aid check to purchase textbooks. Unpublished Minnesota State University Student Association survey
    54. 54. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course http://m.socrative.com Question #6 How many students surveyed had not purchased a required textbook due to cost? Room number: 325693 http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
    55. 55. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
    56. 56. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course "I figured French hadn't changed that much.” - U of MN Student
    57. 57. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 201 0 201 3 Electronic Files 20% 34% Photocopying 21% 31% http://thedailycougar.com/2013/08/25/bts-textbook-piracy-rise/
    58. 58. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer/different courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 49.2% took fewer courses http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
    59. 59. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer/different courses Not register for specific courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 45.1% didn’t register for a specific course http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
    60. 60. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer/different courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 33.9% earned a poor grade because they could not afford to buy the textbook http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
    61. 61. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer/different courses Earn a poor grade Drop a course 17.0% failed a course because they could not afford to buy the textbook http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
    62. 62. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer/different courses Earn a poor grade Drop/withdraw from a course 26.7% dropped a course http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
    63. 63. Impact Buy used Rent eTextbooks Delay purchasing Never purchase Purchase old edition Pirate Take fewer/different courses Earn a poor grade Drop/withdraw from a course 20.7% withdrew from a course http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
    64. 64. Shared Content MIT OCW Flickr Jamendo Google Images TED Talks
    65. 65. Paper
    66. 66. 74% of students used at least one ebook in a course https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERS1302/ERS1302.pdf
    67. 67. 2 : 1 digital : print student preferences to access their course materials (with iPads) Internal Survey – University of Minnesota
    68. 68. Copyright
    69. 69. Open
    70. 70. Definition of “Open” Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute http://opencontent.org/definition/
    71. 71. Definition of “Open” Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute the right to reuse the content in its unaltered / verbatim form e.g., make a backup copy of the content http://opencontent.org/definition/
    72. 72. Definition of “Open” Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself e.g., translate the content into another language http://opencontent.org/definition/
    73. 73. Definition of “Open” Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup http://opencontent.org/definition/
    74. 74. Definition of “Open” Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend http://opencontent.org/definition/
    75. 75. BY
    76. 76. NC
    77. 77. SA
    78. 78. ND
    79. 79. Open Educational Resources MIT OCW Flickr Jamendo Google Images TED Talks
    80. 80. What about MOOCs? (Massively Open Online Courses)
    81. 81. Coursera “You may not otherwise copy, reproduce, retransmit, distribute, publish, commercially exploit or otherwise transfer any material, nor may you modify or create derivatives works of the material.” - Coursera use agreement
    82. 82. Open Textbooks
    83. 83. Definition of “Open” Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute http://opencontent.org/definition/
    84. 84. Open Textbooks 80 - 100% savings All students have access to the content from the first day of class “The right edition” is no longer an issue Retain access to the content forever Can write or highlight in textbook
    85. 85. Where do they come from? • • • • • Foundation funded Government funded Publishers Professional organizations Individual faculty
    86. 86. What happens? Students in courses that used open textbooks tended to have higher grades and lower failing and withdrawal rates than those in courses that did not use open texts. http://www.eurodl.org/?p=current&article=533
    87. 87. What happens? • Textbook can be edited to fit the exact content needs of the course.
    88. 88. University of Minnesota pilot 11 faculty adopted an open textbook 1107 students saved an average of $131 (over $145,000 total) 3 faculty edited a Statistics textbook (including adding a chapter) to better fit their students’ needs
    89. 89. Lunch Discussion Identify issues/barriers that would keep an instructor from adopting an open textbook. 1. Take 2 minutes for personal reflection on barriers. 2. Share your reflections with your table. 3. Designate one person to record and report your table’s top 3 issues to the large group after lunch.
    90. 90. Barriers • Faculty may be unaware of the issues. • Faculty may not know what “open” is, and that open textbooks may exist as an option. • Faculty don’t know where to find open textbooks. • Faculty don’t know if an open textbook is quality.
    91. 91. 79,000 Visits 178 Countries
    92. 92. “This is a boon not only to students in the United States but also in other countries. There is so much potential world-wide that is not realized because of the lack of access to quality study material.” - Faculty Member, University of Zimbabwe
    93. 93. So, what can I do? Encourage Explore Adopt Author Advocate
    94. 94. open.umn.edu dernst@umn.edu kjensen@umn.edu David Ernst Kristi Jensen

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