City as System - Design London Living Labs Global

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a <a>Design London</a> and <a>Living Labs Global</a> event to bring together the tech and public sectors to talk about connected cities

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  • city as systemdrivers of change – techdata as materialsensing the citydelivering the system
  • My Context: I work in a Foresight team whose major output is our Drivers of Change program. I am lead PI on the convergence researchprogramme and am interested in how data is re-shaping our built environment. Trends include these three ISSUES:
  • 2.0 era - sharing of data – communities have much broader boundaries
  • self surveillance - if you give it a score it becomes a game – hyper milers on forums competing on MPG
  • geoweb - the phenomenal increase in location based technologies – from parcels to people or in the example above taxis.
  • these are just three examples where access to data is fundamental in building new services – what I am curious about is how we can think about data as a material that can be used in the built environment. and how when that data becomes socialised we define the processes around how people interact in space.data shadows – when the traces of these materials and process become persistent in the physical world
  • But we can start to correlate the real with the modeled.One of my first experiences of data shadows was while working on the millennium bridge – heavily instrumented and monitored, switchable, controllable, sociable – but no performance feedback really designed into system. Once we had done our job we removed all the kit and the bridge stopped telling us stuff.
  • The concept of continuous post occupancy evaluation means a fundamental shift in the way we interact with data in the city
  • From an ICT perspective we talk about UIA – providing information that enables cities to be better managed, more resource efficient and maintain high quality of life.I will focus on UIA from an efficiency and connectivity perspective.
  • regulation, publicity, cost saving are also driving the desire to monitor public / commercial buildings and displays stats in real time – eg this buildings resource use - aside – how to show meaningful data
  • but how can you engage with people at a civic scale if it is hard enough at a home or office level?
  • and also happening at the neighbourhood / civic scale – how does your project relate to the environment in which it resides
  • also about understanding the sense of community – resident and transient, understanding flow – inspired by collective intelligence on the internet - hinteraction:hintsights
  • hintsights - simple infographics – exploring how they can be used to supplement an information layer in the built environment
  • taking this theme further we can start to explore how UIA allows us to connect to the city. In the industrial era output / production was a very visible process. Artifacts, smoke stacks. But what does this look like today?
  • screen based workers are often very anonymous – is he a student, a gamer, talking to family overseas, a programmer, a writer, or a business man presenting to a remote client?24/7 janejacobs eyes on the street
  • but also making explicit what is largely an invisible process of knowledge work – providing context around a space
  • another great example - cabspotting.org – map but no map, community extends
  • role of placemaking – how much do we bleed out into the neighbourhood
  • final city scale example of responsive architecture at the macro scale
  • how will this city centre dashboard be curated / managed / used / abused?
  • so how will the city evolve when IPv6 starts to deliver ubiquitous talking plants that schedule their own maintenance routines and optimise their resources usage – will we design ourselves and our watering cans into this system?Botanicals – tweets when its thirsty - http://www.flickr.com/photos/blackbeltjones/
  • In the preceding projects we have used a couple of frameworks to help our thinking – in studying the commercial office space we explored the list above in the context of how information both qualitative and quantitative flowed through the space.
  • In an EU future internet / internet of things project we outlined the 9 design goals above for a system that would support networks of wireless sensor networks
  • in the context of this discussion there are 6 themes that I think are important for the public sector to consider:s&amp;v – leadership allowing for task autonomy and task identityea – lessons from delivering ea in business context – connecting / integratinggov – helping business models work – regs, incentives, access to datas&amp;p – an entity to be solveds&amp;k – CIO for city? implementerscf – systemic approach often has complex reward mechanisms
  • afternoon workshop
  • what does a CityCIO look like, what is their job brief
  • From an ICT perspective we talk about UIA – providing information that enables cities to be better managed, more resource efficient and maintain high quality of life.I will focus on UIA from an efficiency and connectivity perspective.
  • From an ICT perspective we talk about UIA – providing information that enables cities to be better managed, more resource efficient and maintain high quality of life.I will focus on UIA from an efficiency and connectivity perspective.
  • I started with talking plants – and I will finish with talking bridges - 2684 followers Feb 2010
  • at the personal level there is a strong history of personal surveillance (diets, diaries of many kinds) – technology is just minimising the inconvenience of this activity
  • a hot topic for 2010 – location services – which one do you use? recently heard Dennis Crowley explain the game aspect of foursquare and why it is different to its predecessor dodgeball which he sold to google. He had to try and get people to switch to his service since these things only really work when everyone uses the same platform. The gaming aspect was the way in but is now fundamental to developmenthyper localgame play
  • City as System - Design London Living Labs Global

    1. 1. city as system<br />Duncan Wilson<br />Arup Foresighthttp://blogs.driversofchange.com/emtech/<br />@djdunc<br />
    2. 2. the merging of sciences and other disciplines <br />the combination of sectors to create new business<br />the convergence of technology<br />
    3. 3.
    4. 4.
    5. 5.
    6. 6. data as a material<br />social as a process<br />data shadows<br />
    7. 7. city simulation<br />Dongtan, Shanghai<br />
    8. 8. validating models<br />2nd Ave Subway, NYC<br />
    9. 9. an exception to the rule<br />
    10. 10. design feedback<br />
    11. 11. urban information architecture<br />efficiency<br />connectivity<br />
    12. 12. unfolding resource use<br />home energy usage, make it personal<br />
    13. 13. adaptive ambient information<br />8 Fitzroy Street, communicating resource usage<br />
    14. 14. adaptive ambient information<br />Chiswick Park, introducing play <br />
    15. 15. making the invisible visible<br />‘NuagesVert’, Helsinki<br />
    16. 16. making the invisible visible<br />Barangaroo, (Rogers StirkHarbour / Arup)<br />via real-time data on neighbourhood activity<br />projected throughout site, acting as a civic-scale collective smart meter<br />
    17. 17. making the invisible visible<br />Jätkäsaari, Helsinki<br />
    18. 18. collective intelligence<br />hintsights::hinteractions<br />Place-stats<br />Place-status<br />Place-statements<br />
    19. 19. hintsights<br />
    20. 20. RealFeel meter<br />Bop making sense of space<br />
    21. 21. visible output<br />‘The City’, Lewis Mumford (1939)<br />
    22. 22. wireless civic spaces<br />State Library of Queensland (2008-2009)<br />free public wi-fi transforms use of public space<br />library space is used 23 hours per day; is safer, more active<br />
    23. 23. interactive installations<br />State Library of Queensland (2008-2009)<br />tag cloud of internet connections within public wi-fi space<br />
    24. 24. emergence<br />cabspotting.org, Stamen<br />
    25. 25. responsive architecture<br />UTS Broadway competition entry (Super Colossal/Arup)<br />place making by revealing patterns in knowledge-based activity<br />
    26. 26. responsive architecture<br />Masdar city centre (LAVA/Arup)<br />Parasol solar collectors open during day, become light poles at night<br />
    27. 27. responsive architecture<br />Masdar city centre (LAVA/Arup)<br />Plaza then plays back patterns of activity collated throughout the day<br />
    28. 28. responsive architecture<br />Masdar city centre (LAVA/Arup)<br />City centre acts as dashboard/‘central processing unit’ for wider city<br />
    29. 29. a thoughtful city<br />botanicals<br />
    30. 30. future workplace<br />
    31. 31. future internet design goals<br />http://www.ict-sensei.org/<br />Horizontalisation<br />Privacy and Security<br />Simplicity of participation<br />Manageability<br />Scalability<br />Locality<br />Evolvability<br />Continuity<br />Heterogeneity<br />
    32. 32. things to think about<br />(if you buy into this systems view)<br />strategy & vision<br />enterprise architecture<br />governance<br />security & privacy<br />skills & capability<br />commercial framework<br />
    33. 33. http://blogs.driversofchange.com/emtech/<br />@djdunc<br />
    34. 34. research opportunities<br />
    35. 35. governance <br />models<br />what does the <br />city CIO look like<br />
    36. 36. who is in charge of this stuff<br />
    37. 37. technology to support behaviour change<br />a longitudinal evidence based approach is needed<br />
    38. 38. Efficacy of feedback loops<br />Will smart meters and equivalent continue to have effect?<br />There is not enough longitudinal data yet. They could become a ‘flashing 12:00’<br />
    39. 39. urban information architecture<br />what is the enterprise architecture model for a city<br />
    40. 40. talking infrastructure<br />
    41. 41. unfolding resource use<br />home energy usage, make it personal<br />
    42. 42. everything <br />inconvenient will change<br />
    43. 43. foursquare<br />gowalla<br />brightkite<br />loopt<br />latitude<br />twitter<br />
    44. 44. http://blogs.driversofchange.com/emtech/<br />@djdunc<br />

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