The Asian American MovementProblems and Prospects
The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Ethnici...
The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Religio...
The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Within ...
The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Within ...
The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Christi...
The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Nonreli...
The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Educati...
Bamboo CeilingsSource: 80-20 Initiative, Data: EEOC 2002 statistics• Asian Americans have respectively a 55%, 41% and 30%c...
Social Movements and theAsian American Movement• Racial Social Movements do notrequire participation of all ethnicgroups t...
Social Movements and theAsian American Movement• Asian American Movement in the1970s to 2000: largely political andlargely...
What Asian American means tothe 2ndGeneration• Interviews with 88 2ndGen AsAms: “What do you thinkof when you hear the phr...
What Asian American means tothe 2ndGeneration (Caveat)• Due to campus experiences of AsianAmerican evangelical groups, “As...
Racialized Identity• Point: “Asian American” is an artificialterm with real life consequences• Socially imposed but co-opt...
Considerations• Given ethnic, religious, and class diversityAsian Americans have a variety ofagendas and contexts• Limited...
The Asian American MovementProblems and Prospects
Asian American Movement Considerations
Asian American Movement Considerations
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Asian American Movement Considerations

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presentation by Jerry Park (Baylor University) - sociological factors for an Asian American movement, 4/29/09 in Austin; accompanying video at http://l2foundation.org/2009/presentation-2-from-the-austin-conversation

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Asian American Movement Considerations

  1. 1. The Asian American MovementProblems and Prospects
  2. 2. The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Ethnicity– No Asian ethnic group takes up themajority• Chinese: 23%• Filipino: 18%• Asian Indian: 19%• Japanese: 7%• Korean: 10%• Vietnamese: 11% (Total top 6: 88%)
  3. 3. The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Religion– Christians have the largest plurality butnot the majority (Lien and Carnes 2004)(PNAAPS 2001)• Protestant: 26%• Catholic: 20%• Buddhist: 15%• Hindu: 6%• Muslim: 2%• No religion: 19%
  4. 4. The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Within AsianAmerican Christianity– Among Asian American Christians,Evangelical Protestants have the largestplurality but not the majority (Park, under review)• Evangelical Protestant: 43%• Catholic: 37%• Mainline Protestant: 17%
  5. 5. The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Within AsianAmerican Christianity– Among Asian American Christians,Filipinos have the largest plurality but notthe majority (Park, under review)• Filipino Christian: 39% (using top 6 groups)• Korean: 21%• Chinese: 13%• Asian Indian: 10%• Vietnamese: 9%• Japanese: 8%
  6. 6. The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Christianity WithinAsian American Ethnic Groups– Different Asian American Ethnic Christiansface radically different faith contexts (Park, under review)• Chinese Christians: 20% Protestant, 3% Catholic• Korean Christians: 69% Protestant, 11% Catholic• Filipino Christians: 18% Protestant, 69% Catholic• South Asian Christians: 2% Protestant, 1% Cath.*• Vietnamese Christians: 13% Protestant, 20% Cath.
  7. 7. The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: Nonreligious WithinAsian American Ethnic Groups– Different Asian American Ethnic Christiansface radically different nonreligious contexts(Park, under review)• Chinese nonreligious: 58%• Korean nonreligious: 13%• Filipino nonreligious: 6%• South Asian nonreligious: 20%*• Vietnamese nonreligious: 18%
  8. 8. The Differences Between Defining an AsianAmerican Movement relative to otherminority groups• Population Diversity: EducationalAttainment, Household Income– Different Asian American Ethnic groups havedifferent educational attainment rates– Different Asian American Ethnic groups havedifferent household income levels
  9. 9. Bamboo CeilingsSource: 80-20 Initiative, Data: EEOC 2002 statistics• Asian Americans have respectively a 55%, 41% and 30%chance to be promoted to the manager level in privateindustries, universities and the Federal government.
  10. 10. Social Movements and theAsian American Movement• Racial Social Movements do notrequire participation of all ethnicgroups to succeed politically (but is itfair?)• “Strong” Social Movements havespecific agendas and a limited numberof foci.• “Strong” Social Movements adapt tochanging circumstances (rather thanfocus on repeated agendas)
  11. 11. Social Movements and theAsian American Movement• Asian American Movement in the1970s to 2000: largely political andlargely east Asian• AAM 1970s: end the Vietnam conflictand provide healthcare to refugees• AAM 1980s: justice for Vincent Chin• AAM 1990s: justice for Wen Ho Lee
  12. 12. What Asian American means tothe 2ndGeneration• Interviews with 88 2ndGen AsAms: “What do you thinkof when you hear the phrase ‘Asian American?’” “Whois included?”• At least 8 definitions of “Asian American”• Tension between “multiculturalist” and “racialized”conceptions– Multiculturalist: my ethnic culture allows me tosucceed, I am proud of my heritage– Racialized: mainstream society puts me in a box; Ihave to choose to be non-Asian or face exclusion
  13. 13. What Asian American means tothe 2ndGeneration (Caveat)• Due to campus experiences of AsianAmerican evangelical groups, “AsianAmerican” sometimes means “AsianEvangelical”• Due to campus and media experiencesgenerally, “Asian American” can excludeSouth Asians (might also apply toevangelical Protestant circles also)
  14. 14. Racialized Identity• Point: “Asian American” is an artificialterm with real life consequences• Socially imposed but co-opted bygroups and individuals
  15. 15. Considerations• Given ethnic, religious, and class diversityAsian Americans have a variety ofagendas and contexts• Limited cooperation should be expected• What would an Asian Americanmovement agenda consist of (politicalpresence? Cultural awareness?)• What role would Christian AsianAmericans want from their churches insuch a movement?
  16. 16. The Asian American MovementProblems and Prospects

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