CONSTITUTION. -The Constitution is the most importan law in Spain. It was approved by the Spanish people in 1978, in a Referendum.- The Constitution Recognises the right andobligation of the Spanish people.
The constitution also establishes the nationalinstitution: Parliament and the Courts of Justice
POLITICAL PARTIESIn a democratic state there are several politicalparties. A political party is a group of citizens withsimilar ideas about how to govern:• Political parties draw up an election manifestoto explain their ideas.•They designate candidates .• Electoral campaingn.
ELECTIONS Citizens 18 years old and over can vote in elections. The political party with the majority of votes forms the goverment. The other parties make up the opposition.
There are different types of elections:• Municipal elections .Citizens vote for their localcouncillors.• Autonomous Community elections. Citizens votefor the numbers of parliament of their AutonomousCommunity.• General elections . Citizens vote for the candidates ofa political party.• European Parliament elections. Members of theEuropean Parliament are elected.
THE STATUTES OF AUTONOMYThe Statutes of Autonomy are the most important laws of the Autonomous Communities.These statutes define the name, Capital, territorial boundaries and symbols of each Autonomous Community.
The main responsibilities of the Autonomous Comunityparliament are:• Making the laws.• Approving the budgets.• Making sure the goverment fulfills its duties.• Electing the president of the goverment of theAutonomous Comunity from among its members.
LIVING IN SOCIETY• Society is a group of people who live in the same community.• Codes of conduct: A code of conduct is a list of rights and obligations, based on respect for others.• These rights and obligations are recognised in the Constitution.
Equal before the law• In a democratic state,all people are equal before the law. This means that all laws and obligation are applied equally to all men and woman.
Freedom of expressi• The Spanish Constitution establishes two main rights about freedom of expression:• The right to demonstrate and to practise our religous and political beliefs.• The right to express and share our ideas freely.At the same time, we have the obligation to respect the freedom of expression of others.
Participating in politics• All citizens have the right to participate in matters of general interest. We participate when we vote in elections. This is when we choose the men and women who will represent us in goverment institution. Voting must be universal, secret and free. Universal means available to all citizens.
Peaceful assemblyAll citizens have the right to peaceful assembly, that is, to form peaceful groups to defend their interests.These grups include :• Political parties.• Neighbourhood associations.• Trade unions.
• Consumer protection groups.• Citizens also have the right to attend peaceful demonstrations.