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Lecture IMTelkom:ICT Intro IP&Wireless Part02


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Lecture on Mobile and Fixed Wireless ICT:
Mobile Technology (Cellular Platform, Mobile Application, Mobile Platform, Mobile pplication, Mobile Device & Mobile Operation Systems)

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Lecture IMTelkom:ICT Intro IP&Wireless Part02

  1. 1. Mobile and Fixed Wireless ICT: Mobile Technology (Cellular Platform, Mobile Application, Mobile Device & Mobile Operation Systems) Lecture by: by: 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 1
  2. 2. Mobile and Fixed Wireless ICT: Mobile Technology (Cellular Platform, Mobile Application, Mobile Device & Mobile Operation Systems) Mobile Device 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 2
  3. 3. Mobile devices Pager PDA Laptop/Notebook • receive only • graphical displays • fully functional • tiny displays • character recognition • standard applications • simple text • simplified WWW messages Sensors, embedded controllers Mobile phones Palmtop • voice, data • tiny keyboard • simple graphical displays • simple versions of standard applications performance IMT MM-Biztel MM- 10/25/2009 3
  4. 4. Mobile Device Environment 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 4
  5. 5. Mobile Ecosystem Network Mobile Operator /PAN/WAN Platform Channels OS, Silicon Distributors Integration Devices Services OEM/ODM SI, SP Solutions ISV / IHV
  6. 6. Mobile Device Ecosystem Smart Devices with an Open Platform Mobile Operator Increased Access to New Profitability Business Partners Ecosystem 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 6
  7. 7. Mobile Computing Devices personal digital assistant (PDA) A handheld computer principally used for personal information management smartphone Internet- Internet-enabled cell phone that can support mobile applications Blackberry A handheld device principally used for e-mail e- 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 9 -7
  8. 8. Effects of device portability Power consumption limited computing power, low quality displays, small disks due to limited battery capacity CPU: power consumption ~ CV2f • C: internal capacity, reduced by integration • V: supply voltage, can be reduced to a certain limit • f: clock frequency, can be reduced temporally Loss of data higher probability, has to be included in advance into the design (e.g., defects, theft) Limited user interfaces compromise between size of fingers and portability integration of character/voice recognition, abstract symbols Limited memory limited value of mass memories with moving parts flash- flash-memory or ? as alternative 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 8
  9. 9. Mobile Device Growth 10/25/2009 10/25/ IMT MM-Biztel MM- 9
  10. 10. Mobile Device Strategy Smart Device Focus Familiar Applicationx Standards Based, Rich APIs Pocket PC Best Wireless Platform Extensible & Flexible Smartphone PDA 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 10
  11. 11. Mobile Data Opportunity Redefines the PC and mobile experiences 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 11
  12. 12. Mobile Device Subscribers 10/25/2009 10/25/ IMT MM-Biztel MM- 12
  13. 13. Handset for Mobile Video 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 13
  14. 14. Handset with Wi-Fi Wi- 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 14
  15. 15. Mobile Device Evolution Moore’s Law is in effect Consumer demand is driving innovation Current mobile device ecosystem is generating more opportunities – enhancing value and productivity 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 15
  16. 16. Maturity of Mobile Apps/Services Mobile Data: From gimmick to lifestyle changing… 3rd Party Innovation requires an “Open” mentality Operator must be positioned to meet customer needs 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 16
  17. 17. Trends: devices • End user wants the my-service-anywhere experience • New intelligent & powerful device classes already start to support this goal DATA CENTRIC Fixed Mobile Convergence driven by disruptive wireless access technologies Voice/Data Voice/Data Convergence and CTI by leveraging Internet as Upcoming Convergence with multimode Platform Device Classes broadband mobile access VOICE CENTRIC Fixed Mobile Convergence driven by operators service offering innovations low mobility requirements high 10/25/2009 10/25/ IMT MM-Biztel MM- 17
  18. 18. Converged Devices PCs DATA Mobile TVs PDAs Upcoming FIXED Device MOBILE • End user wants Classes the my-service- anywhere experience • New intelligent & powerful device Fixed Mobile Phones Phones classes already start to support VOICE this goal 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 18
  19. 19. Mobile and Fixed Wireless ICT: Mobile Technology (Cellular Platform, Mobile Application, Mobile Device & Mobile Operation Systems) Mobile Operation Systems 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 19
  20. 20. Operating Systems Background Operating System (OS) Process Management Memory Management File Management I/O Management Networking Protection System User Interface Real Time Operating System (RTOS) Characterized by timing constraints Mobile Operating System (Mobile OS) RTOS running on a mobile device 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 20
  21. 21. Mobile operating system The main software to manage and control hardware and software directly. directly. Responsible for operating the various functions and features available in mobile devices. Besides functioning to control the hardware resources and software, operating system also controls so all applications can run stable and consistent. consistent. Another advantage of the mobile phone OS is to have more freedom to download additional applications that are not provided by the phone vendors. 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 21
  22. 22. Mobile operating system type Symbian operating system Windows Mobile Palm operating system Mobile Linux Blackberry operating system 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 22
  23. 23. Introduction to Symbian OS Evolution of Symbian OS 1997 - 32 bit EPOC Platform (Psion Software Inc) – Psion Series 5 PDA 1998 – Symbian – A spin-off from Psion Software Inc. spin- Co-owned by Psion, Nokia, Eriksson, Motorola Co- The motive behind this spin-off was to develop an advanced software spin- platform for a new combination of consumer products called Smartphone which would combine telephony and computing capability 1999 – EPOC named as Symbian OS Co-owned by Psion, Nokia, Sony-Eriksson, Motorola, Matsushita Co- Sony- (Panasonic), Samsung and Siemens. Symbian OS Hard RTOS based on layered/micro-kernel architecture layered/micro- StrongARM architecture (ARM9 running over 100 MHZ) Program storage (flash memory) ; OS storage flash ROM 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 23
  24. 24. Symbian OS Micro- Micro-kernel uses client/server session based IPC Servers mediate access to shared resources and services Kernel deals with memory allocation and IPCs Proactive defense mechanism Platform Security Architecture OS Services Data Caging 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 24
  25. 25. Symbian OS Architecture 10/25/2009 10/25/ IMT MM-Biztel MM- 25
  26. 26. Architectural Overview Core Kernel, file server, memory management and device drivers System Layer Communication and computing services e.g. TCP/IP, IMAP4 IMAP4, SMS and database management Application Engines User Interface Software Applications All layers communicate with each other using Client/Server Mechanism 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 26
  27. 27. J2ME on Symbian Symbian – A mobile operating system J2ME – A non-native programming language non- Symbian OS Hardware 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 27
  28. 28. Win Mobile OS Win Mobile 5.0 is a hard RTOS Base OS functionality is provided by kernel which includes process, thread, memory and file management Kernel acts as a conduit for the rest of the core OS Win Mobile kernel uses a paged virtual-memory system virtual- to manage and allocate program memory. The kernel also allocates memory to the stack for each new process or thread. 10/25/2009 10/25/ IMT MM-Biztel MM- 28
  29. 29. Memory Architecture Windows Mobile 5.0 : RAM is used exclusively for running programs. Flash memory is used for storage of programs and data. Result: extended battery life but slower performance 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 29
  30. 30. Mobile Linux The first Linux mobile phone launched by Motorola in February 2003. Motorola A760 series are using OS combination of the Linux kernel software that is distributed by Silicon Valley-based Monta Vista and other Valley- software from the Java programming language, Sun Microsystems. Linux- Linux-based operating system developed by Google is Android. 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 30
  31. 31. Mobile Linux Advantage & Dis-advantage Dis- The advantages is that Linux as an ideal OS for mobile phones because of support by large companies such as IBM, Oracle, and Intel. In addition, this system value is more flexible and offers a smaller memory and can be more conserved. conserved. The disadvantage is the additional application has not been avalaible and Linux systems built to operate with great power, so battery resource management is still less effective than other OSes. OSes. 10/25/2009 10/25/ IMT MM-Biztel MM- 31
  32. 32. BlackBerry operating system Telecommunications companies from Canada, Reserch in Motion (RIM), to develop mobile communications devices. Initially they are producing products and services pager for both directions. This company developed a new breakthrough by creating the famous Blackberry push-email push- service, and now turned into a Smartphone which has various functions such as, GPS, mobile internet, and can access Wi-FI. Wi- 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 32
  33. 33. Palm operating system Example is Palm Treo 680 Smartphone uses the Palm operating system, which is Palm OS 5.4.9 with the Intel PXA270 processor, 312MHz. Some of the features offered is Pocket Express, Microsoft Media Player, Palm files, PDF viewer, Adobe Acrobat reader, eReader, Pocket Tunes, eReader, and Document To Go. 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 33
  34. 34. Comparative Review on Symbian & Win Mobile OS Design and Architecture Symbian: Symbian: ARM processors running 100-200 MHz 100- Win Mobile: ARM and Intel processors running 200-400 MHz 200- Memory Management Symbian: Symbian: OS kernel runs in privileged mode, with each app has its own address space Win Mobile: Shared RAM and flash ROM, use eXecute In Place (XIP) scheme File System Symbian: Symbian: TCB contains file system Win Mobile: Hierarchical file system accessible through kernel functions Development Symbian: Symbian: Symbian specific frameworks/libraries Win Mobile: Windows API Security Symbian: Symbian: Fairly well designed Win Mobile: Lack of process’s address space protection 10/25/2009 10/25/ IMT MM-Biztel MM- 34
  35. 35. Mobile and Fixed Wireless ICT: Mobile Technology (Cellular Platform, Mobile Application, Mobile Device & Mobile Operation Systems) Listen to Customer 2m11 Conclusion & Final Words 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 35
  36. 36. How should technology Which distinctive and innovation be technological organized and competences and managed? capabilities are 1 necessary? 6 Which When, how and Questions technologies should be where should new technology be Technology 2 used to implement introduced to the product and market? Strategy Should service? 5 Answer 3 Should technologies be sourced internally 4 What should be the or externally? level and timing of investment in Source: Burgelman, Strategic Management of Technology and Innovation technology 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- development? 36
  37. 37. End – End Experience is Critical Improving customer experience – ensuring choice and innovation at affordable price points A fair playing field will focus service providers on meeting consumers’ growing needs 10/25/2009 IMT MM-Biztel MM- 37