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Extinct and Endangered species

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exinction of few species

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Extinct and Endangered species

  1. 1. The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species. The concept of the natural environment can be distinguished by components: Complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive human intervention, including all vegetation, microorganisms, soil, rocks, atmosphere, and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries. Universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries, such as air, water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not originating from human activity.
  2. 2. Our Wildlife Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. Deserts, forests, rain forests, plains, grasslands, and other areas including the most developed urban sites, all have distinct forms of wildlife. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that wildlife around the world is impacted by human activities.
  3. 3. Animals Destruction Animal species are becoming extinct faster than at any time since the dinosaurs died out 65 million years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period. As of 1990, 12 per cent of mammals and 11 per cent of birds worldwide were classified as endangered or threatened. In the United States alone, 540 species are endangered, and another 150 are on the threatened list.
  4. 4. The Kashmir stag (Cervus elaphus hanglu), also called hangul, is a subspecies of Red Deer native to India, especially in Jammu and Kashmir where it is the state animal. Kashmir Stag is listed as critically endangered by IUCN as population is counted 160 mature individuals in 2008 census.
  5. 5. Description This deer has a light rump patch without including the tail. Its coat color is brown with a speckling to the hairs. The inner sides of the buttocks are grayish white, followed by a line on the inner sides of the thighs and black on the upper side of the tail. Each antler consists of five tines. The beam is strongly curved inward, while the brow tines are usually close together and above the burr.
  6. 6. Threats And Conservation These deer once numbered from about 5,000 animals in the beginning of the 20th century. Unfortunately, they were threatened, due to habitat destruction, over-grazing by domestic livestock, and poaching. This dwindled to as low as 150 animals it is the only surviving race of the Red Deer family of Europe in the sub-continent. The animal is battling for its survival in its last bastion: they are now scattered within 141 km² of the Dachigam National Park located on foothills of Zabarwan range on the outskirts of Srinagar. Known for its magnificent antlers with 11 to 16 points, hangul was once distributed widely in the mountains of Kashmir. During 1940's, their number was believed to be about 3,000-5,000. As per the latest census in 2008, only around 160 exist.
  7. 7. Gee's golden langur or simply the golden langur, is an Old World monkey found in a small region of western Assam, India and in the neighboring foothills of the Black Mountains of Bhutan. It is one of the most endangered primate species of India. Long considered sacred by many Himalayan people
  8. 8. Golden langurs have long been considered sacred by Himalayan peoples. However, they only came to the attention of scientists as a distinct species in the 1950s so little is known about their behaviour. Named after their gorgeously coloured coats, golden langurs spend most of the day in the forest tree tops, rarely descending to the ground. These secretive leaf-eating monkeys are one of India's most endangered primates. They are also found in the foothills of Bhutan's Black Mountains. Facts Genus-Lutung Kingdom-animal Order-primate Phylum-chordate Found In-India, Asia Attributes-endangered Scientific name:Trachypithecus gee Common names : Gee's golden langur , Golden leaf monkey
  9. 9. The red panda (Ailurus fulgens, or shining-cat), is a small arboreal mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China . It is the only extant species of the genus Ailurus. Slightly larger than a domestic cat, it has reddish-brown fur, a long, shaggy tail, and a waddling gait due to its shorter front legs. It feeds mainly on bamboo, but is omnivorous and may also eat eggs, birds, insects, and small mammals. Although red pandas are protected by national laws in their range countries, their numbers in the wild continue to decline mainly due to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and inbreeding depression. The red panda is endemic to the temperate forests of the Himalayas, and ranges from the foothills of western Nepal to China in the east. It may also live in southwest Tibet and northern Arunachal Pradesh
  10. 10. Worldwide population estimates range from fewer than 2,500 individuals to between 16,000 and 20,000 individuals. In 1999, the total population in China was estimated at between 3,000 and 7,000 individuals. In 2001, the wild population in India was estimated at between 5,000 and 6,000 individuals. Estimates for Nepal indicate only a few hundred individuals. There are no records from Bhutan or Burma.
  11. 11. Conservation The red panda is protected in all range countries, and hunting is illegal. Beyond this, conservation efforts are highly variable between countries •China has 35 protected areas covering about 42.4% of red panda habitat. •India has 20 protected areas with known or possible red panda populations in Sikkim,Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal such as Khangchendzonga National Park,Namdapha National Park and singalila National Park, and a coordinated conservation policy for the red panda. •Bhutan has five protected areas that support red panda populations. •Burma has 26 protected areas, of which at least one hosts red panda • populations.
  12. 12. Fast Facts Type: Mammal Diet: Herbivore Average life span in the wild:8 years Size : Head and body, 20 to 26 in (50 to 65 cm); Tail, 12 to 20 in (30 to 50 cm) Weight:12 to 20 lbs (5.4 to 9 kg) Protection status : Endangered Size relative to a 6-ft (2-m) man:
  13. 13. Snow Leopard The snow leopard is a moderately large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central Asia Eurasia is the ol Facts about snow leopard Status: Endangered Description: Soft grey coat, white on belly. Head and limbs are marked with solid black or brown spots; body is covered with brown blotches ringed with black, and a black streak runs down the back. Tail is heavy with fur and the bottom of the paws are covered with fur -- for protection against snow and cold. The winter coat is lighter in color Size: Head and body length is 47-59 inches, while the tail is 31-39 inches long. Habitat: Mountain steppes and coniferous (pine/evergreen) forest scrub at high altitudes (5900-18000 feet). Prefer mountain regions in the winter, moving to meadows and rocky areas during the summer months.
  14. 14. The Asian black bear The Asian black bear also known as the moon bear or white- chested bear , is a medium-sized specie of bear, largely adapted for Arboreal life, seen across much of the Himalayas and the northern parts of the Indian Subcontinent . The species is morphologically very similar to some prehistoric bears, and is thought by some scientists to be the ancestor of other extant bear species . Though largely herbivorous Asian black bears can be very aggressive toward humans, and have frequently attacked people without provocation. The species was described by Rudyard Kipling as "the most bizarre of the ursine species.
  15. 15. Some extinct and endangered species
  16. 16. Living beings are equal, So protect Wildlife to preserve equality!!!!!!!!

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