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A Seminar On Vibration Analysis And Damping In
Structures
Submitted to: Submitted By:
Mr Rahul Bhaiji Divya Lattoo
Utkarsh...
Introduction
Structure –
A structure is a combination of parts fastened together
to create a supporting framework, which...
THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF
STRUCTURAL VIBRATION
Cause
Effect
THE REDUCTION OF STRUCTURAL
VIBRATION
THE ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL
VIBRATION
Stage I. Devise a mathematical or physical model of
the structure to be analysed.
S...
The Vibration Of Structures With
One Degree Of Freedom
FREE UNDAMPED VIBRATION
Translation vibration
Torsional vibration
Energy methods for analysis
• For undamped free vibration the total energy in the vibrating system
is constantthroughout t...
FREE DAMPED VIBRATION
The most common types of damping are
Viscous
dry friction
hysteretic
Vibration with viscous Damping
• Case 1 ζ less than 1, that is, damping less than critical
• The motion of the body is the...
Vibration with Coulomb (dry
friction) damping
Equation Of Motion - m = Fẍ d – kx

Vibration with hysteretic damping
Experiments on the damping that occurs in solid
materials and structures that have been...
FORCED VIBRATION
The equation of motion is
X/Xs is known as the dynamic magnification factor
Resonance
The phenomenon known as resonance occurs when
the forcing frequency is equal to the natural
frequency, that is...
Response of a viscous damped
Structure supported on a foundation subjected
to harmonic vibration
Equation Off Motion
Vibration Isolation
The force transmitted to the foundation is the sum of
the spring force and the damper
force. Thus th...
Response of a Coulomb damped structure to a
simple harmonic exciting force with constant
amplitude
The equation of motion...
Response of a structure to a
suddenly applied Force
The equation of motion can be written
If the structure possesses vis...
Shock excitation
Some structures are subjected to shock or impulse
loads arising from suddenly applied, non-periodic,
sho...
Wind- or current-excited
oscillation
A structure exposed to a fluid stream is subjected to a
harmonically varying force i...
Damping In Structures
• Sources of damping
– Inherent damping
– Hysteretic or material damping
– Damping in structural joi...
Vibration Isolation
The force transmitted to the foundation is the sum of
the spring force and the damper force.
 Motion...
BIBLIOGRAPHY
•
Structural Vibration and Damping
By C. E Beards
www.howstuffwork.com
Theory Of Machine
By R.S.Khurmi
Questions And Query Are Welcome
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Vibration and damping

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Vibration and damping

  1. 1. A Seminar On Vibration Analysis And Damping In Structures Submitted to: Submitted By: Mr Rahul Bhaiji Divya Lattoo Utkarsh Tiwari
  2. 2. Introduction Structure – A structure is a combination of parts fastened together to create a supporting framework, which may be part of a building, ship, machine, space vehicle, engine or some other system. Vibrations –
  3. 3. THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF STRUCTURAL VIBRATION Cause Effect
  4. 4. THE REDUCTION OF STRUCTURAL VIBRATION
  5. 5. THE ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL VIBRATION Stage I. Devise a mathematical or physical model of the structure to be analysed. Stage II. From the model, write the equations of motion. Stage III. Evaluate the structure response to a relevant specific excitation.
  6. 6. The Vibration Of Structures With One Degree Of Freedom FREE UNDAMPED VIBRATION Translation vibration
  7. 7. Torsional vibration
  8. 8. Energy methods for analysis • For undamped free vibration the total energy in the vibrating system is constantthroughout the cycle. Therefore the maximum potential energy V(max), is equal to the maximum kinetic energy T(max) , although these maxima occur at different times during the cycle of vibration. Furthermore, since the total energy is constant, • T + V = constant, • d(T + V)/dt = 0 • ω = (k/m)1/2 • Condition of stability – .
  9. 9. FREE DAMPED VIBRATION The most common types of damping are Viscous dry friction hysteretic
  10. 10. Vibration with viscous Damping • Case 1 ζ less than 1, that is, damping less than critical • The motion of the body is therefore an exponentially decaying harmonic oscillation • Case 2 ζ = 1; that is, critical damping • Critical damping represents the limit of periodic motion; hence the displaced body isrestored to equilibrium in the shortest possible time, and without oscillation or overshoot. • Case 3 ζ greater than critical, • Since both values of s are negative the motion is the sum of two exponential decays
  11. 11. Vibration with Coulomb (dry friction) damping Equation Of Motion - m = Fẍ d – kx 
  12. 12. Vibration with hysteretic damping Experiments on the damping that occurs in solid materials and structures that have been subjected to cyclic stressing have shown the damping force to be independent of frequency internal, or material, damping is referred to as hysteretic damping. the induced stress is σ = σ0sin (Vt+ α)
  13. 13. FORCED VIBRATION The equation of motion is X/Xs is known as the dynamic magnification factor
  14. 14. Resonance The phenomenon known as resonance occurs when the forcing frequency is equal to the natural frequency, that is when v/ω = 1. The maximum value of X/Xs actually occurs at values of v/ω less than unity:
  15. 15. Response of a viscous damped Structure supported on a foundation subjected to harmonic vibration Equation Off Motion
  16. 16. Vibration Isolation The force transmitted to the foundation is the sum of the spring force and the damper force. Thus the transmitted force = kx + cẋ and Fx the amplitude of the transmitted force is given by –
  17. 17. Response of a Coulomb damped structure to a simple harmonic exciting force with constant amplitude The equation of motion is non-linear because the constant friction force F, always opposes the motion:
  18. 18. Response of a structure to a suddenly applied Force The equation of motion can be written If the structure possesses viscous damping of coefficient c, the solution to the equation of motion is
  19. 19. Shock excitation Some structures are subjected to shock or impulse loads arising from suddenly applied, non-periodic, short-duration exciting forces. X(t) =
  20. 20. Wind- or current-excited oscillation A structure exposed to a fluid stream is subjected to a harmonically varying force in a direction perpendicular to the stream. This is because of eddy, or vortex, shedding on alternate sides of the structure on the leeward side.
  21. 21. Damping In Structures • Sources of damping – Inherent damping – Hysteretic or material damping – Damping in structural joints – Acoustic radiation damping – Air pumping – Aerodynamic damping • Added damping – High damping alloys – Composite materials – Viscoelastic materials – Constrained layer damping – Vibration dampers and absorbers
  22. 22. Vibration Isolation The force transmitted to the foundation is the sum of the spring force and the damper force.  Motion Transmission TR = X/A =
  23. 23. BIBLIOGRAPHY • Structural Vibration and Damping By C. E Beards www.howstuffwork.com Theory Of Machine By R.S.Khurmi
  24. 24. Questions And Query Are Welcome

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