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forest & wildlife resources of India

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forest & wildlife resources of India

  1. 1. Prepared byDivya Das. S. S
  2. 2.  India has a rich biological diversity . It is one of the twelve mega bio-diversity countries of the world. It has nearly 8% of the total number of species in the world. Total no. of plant species in India- 47000  Flowering plant species- 15000  This account for 6% in the world’s total no. of flowering plants.  Non flowering plant species- 32000 India occupies 10th place in the world & 4th in Asia in plant diversity. Total no. of animal species- 81000
  3. 3.  Natural vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without any human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time. Itis otherwise known as ‘Virgin vegetation’.
  4. 4.  RELIEF  LAND  SOIL CLIMATE  TEMPERATURE  SUNLIGHT  PRECIPITATION
  5. 5.  ECONOMIC VALUE:  Wood is a major forest product.  Other minor products are oil, gums & resins, tans & dyes, paper & rayon, medicines from herbs & roots etc. ENVIRONMENTAL VALUE:  Checks soil erosion  Increases the level of water table.  Revitalizing the atmosphere.  Increase the fertility of the soil.  Modify the temperature,controls wind force & causes rainfall.  Natural habitat for plants & animals
  6. 6.  International Union for Conservation of Nature & Natural Resources (IUCN) has classified the species into various categories as under:  Extinct species  Endangered species  Vulnerable species  Rare species  Endemic species  Normal species

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