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Presented by- Divya Choudhary
Class- M A
Semester- 3
Paper no.- 11
paper name – Post-Colonial Literature
Batch Year- 2015-17
Enrolment No.- PG15101007
Email id- choudharydivya400@gmail.com
Submitted to- Smt. S B Gardi Department of
English
Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar
University
COLONIALISM
Control and governing influence of a nation
over a dependent country, territory or
people.
POST COLONIALISM
Means after Colonialism. It is the study of a
culture after a physical and political
withdrawal of an oppressive power.
Character of Caliban
TheTempest ATempest
Character of Caliban
TheTempest
•It is written byWilliam
Shakespeare.
•Written in 1610 and
1611.
•In English Language.
ATempest
•It is written by Aime
Cesaire.
•Published in 1969.
•In French Language.
•A Tempest is a
postcolonial revision
of William
Shakespeare’s The
Tempest
Caliban, a villainous Island
native, the deformed son of
a witch named Sycorax,
who ruled the Island before
Prospero arrived. He now
works as Prospero’s slave
but despises him. In the
play, he is known to have
said many colorful curses.
Character of Caliban
The Tempest A Tempest
•Caliban having no power.
•Having no Language.
•Presented an Colonial
Caliban.
•Presented as more brutal and
as monster.
•Symbolized as primitive
humanity.
•His enslavement is because of
his own character.
•Caliban having power.
•Having Language.
•Shifts perspective from
colonial to post colonial.
•Presented as colonized
with more aggression.
•Symbolized as third
world country.
•Enslavement caused by
their race.
Image of Caliban
The Tempest A Tempest
THE TEMPEST
Written by William Shakespeare
Son of Sycorax
Real native of the Island
“Savage and deformed slave”
Less resistance and uses Prospero's
language
Plays the role of discourse of
Colonialisms.
A TEMPEST
Written by Aime Cesaire
Raises voice against his white
master Prospero
 Expressed his thought more
emotionally and descriptively
 Alienation from his own Identity
 Opposes against Prospero
 Journey to gain freedom under
Prospero’s rule
 Caliban in the central figure. Caliban’s
name is probably an anagram of “ Cannibal”.
 Caliban, a half-monster, son of Sycorax
and enslaved by Prospero’s magic. He was
treated kindly and taught to speak by
Prospero and his daughter, but fell from
grace when he attempted to rape Miranda.
 Notion of Monster
 The implication is that the natural and
instinctively, without any of the controls of social
or moral order. Caliban is then denounced as “a
thing most brutish”. The attempt by Prospero and
Miranda to teach Caliban to talk wherently
produces the second affecting note in the
portrayal of Caliban. It is a sentence of Caliban’s
which is typically Shakespearean in its brevity and
compressed meaning.
“You taught me language; my profit on it is, I
know how to curse”.
The Colonising analogy is not so much with
Prospero. Caliban’s relationships as it is with
the perversely “civilised” influence of
Stephano and Trinculo, who are Europeans,
on the ‘servant-monster’.
 Character of Caliban has a certain pathos.
 Poetry
 Caliban’s relation with Stephano and Trinculo
 Caliban’s character may be attributed to two
factors which makes his ultimate repentance more
plausible; he is not entirely a beast, but shows
throughout a potential for finer things. This
alternations between the time and the gross sides
of Caliban is a sort of link between the Noble and
the ignoble characters.
 The monster is based on the wicked spirit
type in the Italian pastoral, though Cesaire
develops him to a considerable extent. He is
an elemental, earthbound man, without a
soul, but with a direct and shrewd natural
intelligence.
 Language
Conclusion
•A Tempest" by Aime Cesaire is a play based
largely on Shakespeare's "The Tempest" with only
a few changes.
• Cesaire's version of this play explores the
original concepts in further depth by
incorporating the themes of colonialism and
Negritude which Cesaire studied extensively.
•"A Tempest" addresses modernist issues and
theories through the utilization of a classic play
that most modern readers are familiar with.
Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"

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Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"

  • 1. Presented by- Divya Choudhary Class- M A Semester- 3 Paper no.- 11 paper name – Post-Colonial Literature Batch Year- 2015-17 Enrolment No.- PG15101007 Email id- choudharydivya400@gmail.com Submitted to- Smt. S B Gardi Department of English Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University
  • 2. COLONIALISM Control and governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory or people. POST COLONIALISM Means after Colonialism. It is the study of a culture after a physical and political withdrawal of an oppressive power.
  • 4. Character of Caliban TheTempest •It is written byWilliam Shakespeare. •Written in 1610 and 1611. •In English Language. ATempest •It is written by Aime Cesaire. •Published in 1969. •In French Language. •A Tempest is a postcolonial revision of William Shakespeare’s The Tempest
  • 5. Caliban, a villainous Island native, the deformed son of a witch named Sycorax, who ruled the Island before Prospero arrived. He now works as Prospero’s slave but despises him. In the play, he is known to have said many colorful curses.
  • 6. Character of Caliban The Tempest A Tempest •Caliban having no power. •Having no Language. •Presented an Colonial Caliban. •Presented as more brutal and as monster. •Symbolized as primitive humanity. •His enslavement is because of his own character. •Caliban having power. •Having Language. •Shifts perspective from colonial to post colonial. •Presented as colonized with more aggression. •Symbolized as third world country. •Enslavement caused by their race.
  • 7. Image of Caliban The Tempest A Tempest
  • 8. THE TEMPEST Written by William Shakespeare Son of Sycorax Real native of the Island “Savage and deformed slave” Less resistance and uses Prospero's language Plays the role of discourse of Colonialisms.
  • 9.
  • 10. A TEMPEST Written by Aime Cesaire Raises voice against his white master Prospero  Expressed his thought more emotionally and descriptively  Alienation from his own Identity  Opposes against Prospero  Journey to gain freedom under Prospero’s rule
  • 11.  Caliban in the central figure. Caliban’s name is probably an anagram of “ Cannibal”.  Caliban, a half-monster, son of Sycorax and enslaved by Prospero’s magic. He was treated kindly and taught to speak by Prospero and his daughter, but fell from grace when he attempted to rape Miranda.
  • 12.  Notion of Monster  The implication is that the natural and instinctively, without any of the controls of social or moral order. Caliban is then denounced as “a thing most brutish”. The attempt by Prospero and Miranda to teach Caliban to talk wherently produces the second affecting note in the portrayal of Caliban. It is a sentence of Caliban’s which is typically Shakespearean in its brevity and compressed meaning. “You taught me language; my profit on it is, I know how to curse”.
  • 13. The Colonising analogy is not so much with Prospero. Caliban’s relationships as it is with the perversely “civilised” influence of Stephano and Trinculo, who are Europeans, on the ‘servant-monster’.  Character of Caliban has a certain pathos.
  • 14.  Poetry  Caliban’s relation with Stephano and Trinculo  Caliban’s character may be attributed to two factors which makes his ultimate repentance more plausible; he is not entirely a beast, but shows throughout a potential for finer things. This alternations between the time and the gross sides of Caliban is a sort of link between the Noble and the ignoble characters.
  • 15.  The monster is based on the wicked spirit type in the Italian pastoral, though Cesaire develops him to a considerable extent. He is an elemental, earthbound man, without a soul, but with a direct and shrewd natural intelligence.  Language
  • 16. Conclusion •A Tempest" by Aime Cesaire is a play based largely on Shakespeare's "The Tempest" with only a few changes. • Cesaire's version of this play explores the original concepts in further depth by incorporating the themes of colonialism and Negritude which Cesaire studied extensively. •"A Tempest" addresses modernist issues and theories through the utilization of a classic play that most modern readers are familiar with.