Distance Learning

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Distance Learning

  1. 1. Distance Learning: Instructor and Peer Impact
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>One of the goals that Universities have today is to enhance the quality of distance education. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many ways to enhance education in distance learning. </li></ul><ul><li>One strategy is to identify the preferred feedback that is given throughout the duration of the program. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Identify benefits of instructor feedback with students in distance learning </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the difference between personalized and collective feedback in distance learning </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the differences between peer and instructor interaction in distance learning </li></ul>
  4. 4. Personalized versus Collective Instructor Feedback in the Online Courseroom: Does Type of Feedback Affect Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance and Perceived Connectedness with the Instructor? Tara Gallien Northwestern State University, USA Jody Oomen – Early Texas Women ‘s University, USA
  5. 5. Connectedness <ul><li>Discuss the “ connectedness” that is apparent, or non apparent, in student/instructor interactivity. </li></ul>Connectedness? Gallien, T., & Oomen-Early, J. (2008, July 1). Personalized versus Collective Instructor Feedback in the Online Courseroom: Does Type of Feedback Affect Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance and Perceived Connectedness with the Instructor?. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (3), 463-476. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ801008) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database
  6. 6. Components of Connectedness <ul><li>Social Presence - degree that individuals perceive others to be real in the online environment </li></ul><ul><li>Community - is a strong predictor of student satisfaction an learning </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction- students need continuous, frequent support and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Immediacy- behaviors that enhance closeness by reducing the psychological distance between individuals </li></ul>Gallien, T., & Oomen-Early, J. (2008, July 1). Personalized versus Collective Instructor Feedback in the Online Courseroom: Does Type of Feedback Affect Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance and Perceived Connectedness with the Instructor?. international Journal on E-Learning , 7 (3), 463-476. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ801008) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database
  7. 7. Which type of feedback do you prefer? Gallien, T., & Oomen-Early, J. (2008, July 1). Personalized versus Collective Instructor Feedback in the Online Courseroom: Does Type of Feedback Affect Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance and Perceived Connectedness with the Instructor?. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (3), 463-476. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ801008) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database Collective Feedback: Students that receive a collective feedback document from the instructor as well. Personalized Feedback: Students that receive individualized feedback from the instructor on each assignment.
  8. 8. Personalized Feedback <ul><li>Research indicates that students are more satisfied and perform academically better when given personalized feedback compared to the students that were given collective feedback. </li></ul>Gallien, T., & Oomen-Early, J. (2008, July 1). Personalized versus Collective Instructor Feedback in the Online Courseroom: Does Type of Feedback Affect Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance and Perceived Connectedness with the Instructor?. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (3), 463-476. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ801008) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database
  9. 9. What this study revealed… <ul><li>Compared differences between student satisfaction in terms of personalized and collective feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Time it took to deliver the required feedback </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quantitative Findings: <ul><li>However, the quantitative findings suggest that students related their level of satisfaction to the design of the course and the availability (presence) of the instructor in regards to response time when asked questions or concerns rather than feedback on their assignments. </li></ul>Gallien, T., & Oomen-Early, J. (2008, July 1). Personalized versus Collective Instructor Feedback in the Online Courseroom: Does Type of Feedback Affect Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance and Perceived Connectedness with the Instructor?. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (3), 463-476.(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ801008) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database
  11. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>Instructors may see a valuable increase in quality education if feedback is implemented in both personalized and collective methods. Although this study indicates that personalized feedback is preferred from the students perspective, interaction between student and instructor in distance learning is still an ongoing study. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Belonging Online: Students' Perceptions of the Value and Efficacy of an Online Learning Community LoraLee LaPorte & Marcy Reisetter University of South Dakota, USA
  13. 13. Online course delivery has shown a 33% annual increase in enrollment. What makes the difference?? LaPointe, L., & Reisetter, M. (2008, October 1). Belonging Online: Students' Perceptions of the Value and Efficacy of an Online Learning Community. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (4), 641-665. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ810076) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database.
  14. 14. The instructor , peers , and you can make a big difference!!
  15. 15. What the students want from instructors.. <ul><li>Prompt feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Verification of expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Personal experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughtful organization and planning </li></ul>LaPointe, L., & Reisetter, M. (2008, October 1). Belonging Online: Students' Perceptions of the Value and Efficacy of an Online Learning Community. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (4), 641-665. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ810076) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database.
  16. 16. What students don’t want.. <ul><li>Feeling of disconnect </li></ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion on expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of information </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Inaccessibility </li></ul>LaPointe, L., & Reisetter, M. (2008, October 1). Belonging Online: Students' Perceptions of the Value and Efficacy of an Online Learning Community. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (4), 641-665. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ810076) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database.
  17. 17. vs. Peer Interaction Instructor Interaction What about...
  18. 18. Peer/Instructor Interaction <ul><li>Exposure to peer insights may lead to cognitive growth for the students. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor student interaction can result in </li></ul><ul><li>effective online learning. </li></ul>LaPointe, L., & Reisetter, M. (2008, October 1). Belonging Online: Students' Perceptions of the Value and Efficacy of an Online Learning Community. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (4), 641-665. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ810076) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database.
  19. 19. Conclusion <ul><li>This research revealed that several students value interaction with their instructor versus the value of interaction with their peers. The study focuses on gaining a better understanding of the importance of peer and instructor connectedness. </li></ul>LaPointe, L., & Reisetter, M. (2008, October 1). Belonging Online: Students' Perceptions of the Value and Efficacy of an Online Learning Community. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (4), 641-665. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ810076) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database.
  20. 20. References <ul><li>Gallien, T., & Oomen-Early, J. (2008, July 1). Personalized versus Collective Instructor Feedback in the Online Courseroom: Does Type of Feedback Affect Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance and Perceived Connectedness with the Instructor?. Reproduction Service No. EJ801008) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database. </li></ul><ul><li>LaPointe, L., & Reisetter, M. (2008, October 1). Belonging Online: Students' Perceptions of the Value and Efficacy of an Online Learning Community. International Journal on E-Learning , 7 (4), 641-665. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ810076) Retrieved November 23, 2008, from ERIC database. </li></ul>

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