Table of Contents
• What are SOPA and PIPA?
• PIPA the new SOPA?
• Impact of the bill.
• Focus shift from SOPA to PIPA.
• Proponents for the bill.
• Opponents for the bill.
• Alternatives to SOPA/PIPA.
• Technical issues in implementation of the bill.
• Protest actions.
• What’s next?
• The Stop Online Piracy Act proposed by U.S. Representative Lamar S. Smith on
26 October 2011.
• Provisions include bar advertising networks, payment facilities, search engine
linkages, and require ISP’s to block access to the infringing sites.
• According to supporters, it protects intellectual property market,
corresponding industry, jobs, revenue.
• Opponents claim violation of freedom of speech.
• Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of
• Introduced on May 12, 2011, by Senator Patrick Leahy
• Rewrite of Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act.
• Defines infringement as distribution of illegal copies, counterfeit goods, or
anti-digital rights management technology.
• Calls to stop processing transactions to and placing ads on infringing websites.
• Blog Sites could be blocked or shut down.
• Goodbye to innovation.
• Legal Action Over A Child Singing A Song.
• No free information.
• House Majority Leader Eric Cantor told SOPA opponent Rep. Darrell Issa
that SOPA will not come up for a vote until consensus on the bill is
• Since it is unlikely that anything close to consensus will be achieved
anytime soon the threat of SOPA’s passage in the near future is extremely
• That said, the bill is not completely dead, and could be revived at anytime.
• PIPA, is still very much alive.
• It has already passed through committee hearings — a step further than
SOPA ever took.
Proponents of the bill
• Representative Lamar Smith, Howard Berman Marsha Blackburn, Mary
Bono Mack, Steve Chabot, John Conyers, Ted Deutch, Elton Gallegly , Bob
Goodlatte , Timothy Griffin , Dennis A. Ross , Adam Schiff and Lee Terry .
• Companies include The Motion Picture Association of America, The
Recording Industry Association of America, Macmillan US, Viacom.
• Supporters also include companies such as Nike, L'Oréal, and Acushnet
Company, The Entertainment Software Association, Creative America.
• On September 22, 2011, a letter signed by over 350 businesses and
organizations—including NBCUniversal, Pfizer, Ford Motor Company,
Revlon, NBA, and Macmillan US—was sent to Congress encouraging the
passage of the legislation.
Opponents to the bill
• House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, Representatives Darrell Issa and
presidential candidate Ron Paul.
• Another nine Democrats joined to sign a letter to other House members
warning that the bill would cause "an explosion of innovation-killing lawsuits
• Opponents include Google, Yahoo!, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, AOL, LinkedIn,
eBay, Mozilla Corporation, Roblox, Riot Games and Epic Games the developer
of the Gears of War, Reddit, Wikipedia and the Wikimedia Foundation.
• In addition to human rights organizations such as Reporters Without Borders,
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), the ACLU, and Human Rights Watch.
Alternatives to the bill
• Online Protection and Enforcement of Digital Trade” or “OPEN Act”.
• OPEN simply expands the Tariff Act of 1930 to allow the International
Trade Commission (ITC).
• “take action against unfair digital imports or unfair imports that are
digitally-facilitated by foreign rogue websites,”.
• This includes requiring financial institutions to sever business ties with
sites that are found to be in violation of US copyright law.
• Supporters of SOPA/PIPA say OPEN will be ineffective, and the bill has so
far failed to gain any serious traction in either the House or the Senate.
Technical challenges in implication
• According to Markham Erickson, head of NetCoalition,
which opposes SOPA, the section of the bill that would
allow judges to order internet service providers to block
access to infringing websites to customers located in the
United States would also allow the checking of those
customers' IP address, a method known as IP blocking.
Erickson has expressed concerns that such an order
might require those providers to engage in "deep packet
inspection," which involves analyzing all of the content
being transmitted to and from the user, raising new
• Andrew Lee, CEO of ESET North America, objected that
since the bill would require internet service providers to
filter DNS queries for the sites, this would undermine the
integrity of the Domain Name System. According to David
Ulevitch, the San Francisco-based head of Open DNS, the
passage of SOPA could cause Americans to switch to DNS
providers located in other countries who offer encrypted
links, and may cause U.S. providers, such as OpenDNS
itself, to move to other countries, such as the Cayman
SOPA/PIPA : Who’s in Who’s out
• EMI Music
• Major League
• Motion Picture
• Time Warner