I’m a technologist who has
worked with the web for 20 years, in Europe and Silicon Valley. The Internet and its development is no longer about science as much as it is about culture. This talk is about the cultural impact of the web
The web is not the
internet, it’s not even the thing that ﬁrst ignited the growth of the Internet. But it was the catalyst that fueled a technological revolution - that is now a cultural one.
The ﬁrst web page was
served from one of Steve Job’s rare and beautiful NeXT machines, the Stradivarius of computers. The culture of the web started with taste and it had a connection with Silicon Valley.
“ LSD was a profound
experience, one of the most important things in my life.” Not like your accountant. Steve Jobs, world’s most successful businessman, recommends dropping acid.
Big data In a second:
2.8M emails are sent In a minute: 694,000 Google searches In an hour: 10.5M pics uploaded to Facebook In a year: 98 years of Youtube video uploaded
Big data Since the development
of the web the amount of data produced has grown exponentially. The majority of all the information created since the beginning of time was produced in little over the last year And we don’t know how to process it
Big data: what type? The
majority of the web is either porn, shopping or travel The majority of data is video (by 2017 it will be 2/3) The majority of pictures (80%) are of naked women And the majority of email (81%) is spam
How big is big data?
Say we create a unit of measure for big data - a Library Of Congress (LOC). Speciﬁcally all the data in the books in the print collections of the Library of Congress - roughly 10 terabytes of uncompressed textual data
How fast: Fiber optic cable
is capable of transmitting data at 40 gigabits per second = 2 LOCs per hour How much: 25 Petabytes are uploaded to the Internet daily = 2500 LOCs per day
Big followings 34% of humans
are on the web 17% of humans are on Facebook 14% of humans watch an average of 4 hours Youtube videos per month
Big fame Obama: 36M twitter
followers Lady Gaga, more: 40M twitter followers Gangnam Style viewed 1.773 billion times 16,000 years, viewing it continuously
Cute Cat Theory of Social
Activism Web 1.0 was invented to allow physicists to share research papers. Web 2.0 was created to allow people to share pictures of cute cats. Ethan Zuckerman’s Cute cat theory: China builds its own censored social networks to let people have cats while blocking social activism.
One the one hand we
have the triviality of people sharing pictures of cute cats and the disposable culture of snapchat. On the other we have social network enabled revolution, like the Arab Spring.
50,000 Google has about the
same number of employees as there are students at the university of Vienna. 8,000,000 But if Google operated like a supermarket it would employ the same number of people as the population of Austria.
Mobile data is growing fastest
in Africa (77%, annually). In Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, mobile-money accounts have become much more widespread than bank accounts. More than 17 million Kenyans (2/3 of the adult population) are using mobile-money services. Mobile payments
Crowdfunding The way we invest
in things and lend money has become a massively distributed system, crowdsourced rather than mandated from above. A web not a family tree. This Not this
A change in the economics
of supply and demand. The internet has created an all you can eat buffet, for media. It has reversed the traditional economic equation where the scarcity is in demand not supply, companies compete for attention
What does the whole Internet
mean in terms of particle physics? Electronic information is stored in electrons which have higher energy and therefore mass. The weight of all information on the internet (5,000 petabytes) is 0.2 millionths of an Ounce. That is similar to the weight of the smallest possible grain of sand. A particle. A universe in a grain of sand
This universe was triggered by
a creation in a room here A room that technically sits in France but has a Swiss phone number and Swiss power sockets. So its appropriate that a technology which breaks down borders comes from a place we can pinpoint on a map but can’t say what country it’s in.
and when we ask why
we should build high energy physics experiments than cost billions, what's the use? Even the byproduct changed the world. Even if the hundreds of other contributions to human knowledge and understanding had not happened, with the web, it would have still been worth it.