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Elements of landscape design

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description of elements used during designing landscapes

Published in: Design, Business, Technology
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Elements of landscape design

  1. 1. What is landscape designing?
  2. 2. L ANDSCAPING REFERS TO ANY ACTIVIT Y THAT MODIFIES THE VISIBLE FEATURES OF AN AREA OF L AND.
  3. 3. Enhancing the landscape
  4. 4. Process of landscape design includes concepts and elements of landscape designing…
  5. 5. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE ELEMENTS OF DESIGN 1. Focal point 2. Line 3. Form 4. Texture 5. Scale  Natural  Manmade Natural Plants/vegetation Water Earth forms/landforms Timber Stone Manmade Brick Metal Glass
  6. 6. There are many varieties of plant materials such as: •Trees •Shrubs •Creepers and climbers Land covers .etc. USES: Architectural 1. Enframement 2. Scale induction 3. Creation of plaza 4. Defines pathway 5. Welcoming look and aesthetic appeal to the building Environmental 1. Microclimate modifiers 2. Conservation belt 3. Erosion control 4. Retains ground water 5. Retains soil fertility 6. Prevents siltation ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- PLANTS
  7. 7.  Plants create outdoor rooms. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- PLANTS
  8. 8. TREES, SHRUBS, AND GROUND COVERS CAN BE USED TO EMPHASIZE THE DESIRABLE ARCHITECTURAL LINES AND MASSES. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- PLANTS
  9. 9. PLANTS CAN BE USED TO SOFTEN AND BALANCE HARSH AND AWKWARD ARCHITECTURAL ANGLES, MASSES AND MATERIALS. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- PLANTS
  10. 10. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- PLANTS THE HUMAN EYE HAS A TENDENCY TO FOLLOW THE OUTLINE OF THE OBJECTS IN THE LANDSCAPE. WITH THIS IDEA IN MIND THE APPARENT SIZE IN AFFECTED. PLANTS THAT REACH LARGE SIZES AT MATURITY ARE OFTEN PLANTED TOO CLOSELY TO THE HOUSE WHEN SMALL. WHEN MATURE, THEY DOMINATE AND MAKE THE HOUSE LOOK SMALLER INWARDLY ORIENTED SPACE OUTWARDLY FOCUSED SPACE
  11. 11. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- PLANTS ENVIRONMENTAL ROLE • POLLUTION CONTROL • NOISE CONTROL • CLIMATE CONTROL Embankments., deciduous and evergreen plantings and masonry walls are used together for effective sound control. Use of windbreaks to control winter winds Use of deciduous plants to direct summer breezes
  12. 12. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- PLANTS
  13. 13. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- WATER Water is also another most important landscape element. Water bodies improve the quality and the worth of the site.it makes the site attractive. There are many types of water bodies : 1. Fountains 2. Pools 3. Ponds 4. Spouts 5. Artificial waterfalls. etc. A d d s o u n d , m o v e m e n t , a n d e n j o y m e n t i n t o t h e l a n d s c a p e .
  14. 14. Water flows inevitably, from the source to the receiving ocean basin. USES: • Excellent land water interface gives an ecological home for the animals and plants. • Water runoff reduced. • Hydrological cycle maintained. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- water
  15. 15. • Microclimate created. • Moisture level maintained. • Wetland, marshes, swampy areas are conserved. • Maintaining vegetation into wetlands. • Site aesthetics are enhanced
  16. 16. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- LANDFORM
  17. 17. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- LANDFORM
  18. 18. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- LANDFORM
  19. 19. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- LANDFORM SLOPED LANDFORM BLOCKS VIEWS & CREATES SPATIAL EDGES. LEVEL LANDFORM DOES THE OPPOSITE.
  20. 20. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- LANDFORM
  21. 21. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- LANDFORM
  22. 22. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- TIMBER
  23. 23. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- TIMBER
  24. 24. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- STONE
  25. 25. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- STONE
  26. 26. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- BRICK
  27. 27. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- METAL
  28. 28. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE- GLASS
  29. 29. ELEMENTS OF Design- Focal point
  30. 30. ELEMENTS OF Design- line • Straight lines • Curved lines • Vertical lines • Horizontal lines
  31. 31. ELEMENTS OF Design- form • Circular form • Square form • Irregular polygons • Tree forms • Shrub forms • Groundcover forms
  32. 32. ELEMENTS OF Design- texture • Coarse texture • Fine texture • Medium texture
  33. 33. ELEMENTS OF Design- Color

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