Presentation for Staff
March 1, 2010
Michele Kane, Ed.D.
Northeastern Illinois University
Chicago, IL • firstname.lastname@example.org
What will we do today?
! Discuss definitions of creativity and
! Examine the personality
characteristics of people considered
! Discuss the 4 P’s and participate in a
creative process activity related to the
! Identify some creative thinking
activities for classroom application
and then remodel a lesson
“We need a new frame of reference in
which to picture ourselves growing
and recognizing how the confluence
of inner resources and life
circumstances can present us with
opportunities to revive our lives in
meaningful, satisfying ways.”
Gene D. Cohen (2000), The Creative Age, p. 77
Thoughts to ponder..
! Moving into the 21st century there are authors
such as Daniel Pink who have put a spotlight on
! Creative thinking has had a body of research
building since the 1950’s
! Few would dispute the Importance of creative
thinking in public schools
! Much of the literature focuses on creative teaching
approaches and strategies…SO:
What are some of the
obstacles in pursuing the
creative process in the
Think about this for three minutes
Share for two minutes
! “We’ve never done it before.”
! “We’ve already tried it.”
! "Too modern" or "Too old fashioned."
! "It's not in the budget."
! You've gotta be kidding."
! "What bubble head thought that up?"
! "Let's wait and see.“
! “What will the parents think?”
! “Let’s form a committee.”
! "That's not our job."
! "It's not in the curriculum."
! "It's too late."
! "Don't rock the boat.“
! "That's not our department."
! “Are you nuts?”
! “No way.”
! “It’s a waste of time.”
! Creativity n.—creative ability; artistic
or intellectual inventiveness
! Creative adj.– having the power to
create; pertaining to creation;
inventive; productive (of) as in a
! Create v.t.- to originate; to bring into
being from nothing
! “A creator [must] claim appreciators or
admirers to be legitimatized as a true
creator.” Simonton, 1990
! “The intersection of two ideas for the first
time” Keep, cited in Taylor, 1988
! “By this term we mean helping foster
students' ability to think outside the box,
create something new and find solutions to
problems.” District 30 explanation
! Creativity "is the skill of bringing about
something new and valuable." Young
! “Creativity is the process of bringing
something new into birth.” (May, 1959)
! “The ability to relate and to connect,
sometimes in odd and striking fashion, lies
at the heart of any creative use of the mind,
no matter what field or discipline.” (Siedel,
The 4 P’s
! Place (or environment)
Types of Creativity
! Eminent Creativity
! Big “C”
! Everyday Creativity
! Little “C’
! Aware of Creativeness
values originality and creativity, values own creativity
imaginative, full of ideas, is a "what if?" person, resourceful,
finds ways of doing things differently, challenges
assumptions, builds and rebuilds, bored by routine
individualistic, internally controlled/inner directed, sets own
rules, self-aware, self-accepting, unconcerned with
impressing others, may resist societal demands
! Risk Taking
does not mind consequences of being different, not afraid to
try something new, willing to cope with failure, rejects
limits imposed by others, optimistic
! adventurous, sensation seeking, enthusiastic, alert,
spontaneous, persevering, impulsive, driving absorption,
excitable, enjoys telling about discoveries, etc.
! questioning, experimenting, inquisitive, wide interests,
open to new experiences and growth
! playful, plays with ideas, childlike freshness in thinking
! Attracted to Complexity
! attracted to novelty, attracted to the mysterious, tolerant
of ambiguity, tolerant of disorder, tolerant of incongruity,
tends to believe in psychical phenomena
! artistic interests, aesthetic interests
! receptive to new ideas, receptive to other viewpoints,
open to new experiences and growth, liberal, altruistic
! Needs Alone Time
! reflective, introspective, internally preoccupied, sensitive,
likes to work by himself or herself, may be withdrawn
! intuitive, sees relationships, uses all senses in observing
Excerpted from: Creativity Is Forever by Gary A. Davis, Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 2004
Fluency refers to the production of a great
number of ideas or alternate solutions to a
problem. Fluency implies understanding,
not just remembering information that is
! Key words
Compare, convert, count, define, describe,
explain, identify, label, list, match, name,
outline, paraphrase, predict, summarize.
Flexibility refers to the production of ideas
that show a variety of possibilities or realms
of thought. It involves the ability to see
things from different points of view, to use
many different approaches or strategies.
! Key words
Change, demonstrate, distinguish, employ,
extrapolate, interpolate, interpret, predict.
Originality involves the production of ideas
that are unique or unusual. It involves
synthesis or putting information about a
topic back together in a new way.
! Key words
Compose, create, design, generate,
integrate, modify, rearrange, reconstruct,
Elaboration is the process of enhancing
ideas by providing more detail. Additional
detail and clarity improves interest in, and
understanding of, the topic.
! Key words
Appraise, critique, determine, evaluate,
grade, judge, measure, select, test.
! Combinations of two ideas that are
! Torrance’s Definition
“I have tried to describe creative thinking as taking place in
the process of (1) sensing difficulties…(2) making guesses/
formulating hypotheses..(3)testing these guesses and
possibly revising (4) communicating the results. I like this
definition because it describes a natural process” (1995)
! Creative Problem Solving (CPS)
(sometimes without first step)
! Mess finding (locating a problem)
! Fact finding (examine what you know)
! Problem finding (select a definition)
! Idea finding (brainstorming)
! Solution finding (evaluating ideas)
! Acceptance finding (implementing ideas)
! Four Rules
! As much as you can as fast as you can
! Piggyback on the ideas of others
! Don’t judge yourself or others
! Wild, wacky, zany is desired
CAN YOU TEACH CREATIVITY??
(It depends on your definition)
1990’s change to Bloom’s Taxonomy
(Reflects the relevance to 21st century skills)
New Bloom Old Bloom
Nine Key Concepts:
! Creativity is the ability to look at the ordinary and see the …
! Every act can be a creative one.
! Creativity is a matter of perspective.
! There’s always more than one right answer.
! Reframe problems into opportunities.
! Don’t be afraid to make mistakes.
! Break the pattern.
! Train your technique.
! You’ve got to really care. (Dewitt Jones)
What is Everyday Creativity?
"Everyday creativity is about
everyone, throughout our lives,
and fundamental to our very
survival...With our everyday
creativity, we adapt flexibly, we
improvise, we try different
Creativity as a lifestyle
“Creativeness is not identical to
however, it is an important
component. Further, the more you
come to define creativity as a lifestyle
—a way of living and perceiving—the
greater is the overlap.”
“We know this—everyone can increase
his or her creative capability.”
! Many definitions of creativity add to
the richness and confusion
surrounding the topic
! Creativity can be encouraged and
aspects can be taught
! Creative people go through a creative
process to produce creative products
in a creative press
! Cultivate the creative ideas of others
“Above all, watch with glittering eyes
the whole world around you, because
the greatest secrets are always
hidden in the most unlikely place.
Those who don’t believe in magic will
never find it.”