What is economiser?
“A Device , which increases
the temprature of feed
water using waste heat of
flue gases leaving the bo...
Economiser
•construction

•working

•advantages
•disadvantages
Construction of
economisers
Consists of a large numbers of

vertical cast irons (steel water

pipes)
One end of vertical...
Working of
economisers
The feed water enters into economiser

through the bottom pipe A.
Then, it comes into top pipe B ...
Working of economisers
 The hot flue gases coming from

boiler pass over the vertical tubes of
economiser.
 OBSERVE :
Th...
Working of economiser
The heated feed water is supplided

to the boiler from STOP VALVE.
Effects of working
The soot of flue gases which gets deposited

on the vertical pipes REDUCES
EFFICIENCY of the economise...
Effects of working
A BLOW OFF COCK VALVE is

provided at back end of vertical
pipes to remove sediments

deposited in the...
Advantages
Higher feed water temperature tend to

reduce boiler thermal stersses, so life

boiler increased.

of

Econom...
Disadvantages
Economisers placed at passage of

the flow of flue gases , so

pressure drop take place of
flue gases (loss...
Air-preheater: An Essential Element
of Fuel Fired Steam Power Plants
What is air preheater?
A device, which increases the

tempurature of air
before it supply to the
furnance using heat from...
Types of air preheater
Recuperative
type air
preheater

Regenerative
type air
preheater
Recuperative turbulent
type air preheater
•Construction

•Working
•Advantages
•Disadvantages
Construction
installed between
economisers and the chimney .

An air preheater is

It consists of large numbers tubes

w...
Working
Hot flue gases enters into tubes from the

top of the shell and leaves from to the
chimney.
The inlet air at R.T...
Working
Baffles increases the total path length of air
and thus increase heat transfer .
The heated air leaves at the up...
Advantages of air
preheating
Preheated air

increases combustion

rate and then increases steam
generations rate of boile...
Advantages of air
preheating
Air heated by heat of exhaust gases.

It reduces fuel consumptions .
Therfore thermal effici...
Disadvantages of air
preheating
There are formations of clinkers , on the

grate due to higher combustion
temperature.
N...
Economiser & air preheater
Economiser & air preheater
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Economiser & air preheater

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Economiser & air preheater

  1. 1. What is economiser? “A Device , which increases the temprature of feed water using waste heat of flue gases leaving the boiler through chimney.
  2. 2. Economiser •construction •working •advantages •disadvantages
  3. 3. Construction of economisers Consists of a large numbers of vertical cast irons (steel water pipes) One end of vertical pipe connected with horizontal pipe A & another end with B.
  4. 4. Working of economisers The feed water enters into economiser through the bottom pipe A. Then, it comes into top pipe B through the vertical pipes. After that ,it comes into boiler for further working.
  5. 5. Working of economisers  The hot flue gases coming from boiler pass over the vertical tubes of economiser.  OBSERVE : The heat transfer takes place from flue gases to cold water rising in vertical tubes of economiser.
  6. 6. Working of economiser The heated feed water is supplided to the boiler from STOP VALVE.
  7. 7. Effects of working The soot of flue gases which gets deposited on the vertical pipes REDUCES EFFICIENCY of the economiser. TO PREVENT SOOT DEPOSIT ,the scrapers S move up & down by chain and gears to keep the external surface of the pipe clean(for better HEAT TRANSFER)
  8. 8. Effects of working A BLOW OFF COCK VALVE is provided at back end of vertical pipes to remove sediments deposited in the bottom boxes . A SAFETY VALVE provided at the end of the pipe A for the safety of the pipes.
  9. 9. Advantages Higher feed water temperature tend to reduce boiler thermal stersses, so life boiler increased. of Economisers utilized waste heat from flue so fuel consumption of boiler reduces. Increased evaporate capacity gases, of boiler.
  10. 10. Disadvantages Economisers placed at passage of the flow of flue gases , so pressure drop take place of flue gases (loss of draught)
  11. 11. Air-preheater: An Essential Element of Fuel Fired Steam Power Plants
  12. 12. What is air preheater? A device, which increases the tempurature of air before it supply to the furnance using heat from flue gases passing through chimney.
  13. 13. Types of air preheater Recuperative type air preheater Regenerative type air preheater
  14. 14. Recuperative turbulent type air preheater •Construction •Working •Advantages •Disadvantages
  15. 15. Construction installed between economisers and the chimney . An air preheater is It consists of large numbers tubes which arranged in the path flue gases shell . Inlet air is at lower end . Baffles are provided inside air preheater . The soot hoppper is provided at the bottom .
  16. 16. Working Hot flue gases enters into tubes from the top of the shell and leaves from to the chimney. The inlet air at R.Tem. Is admitted into the shell with the help of the fan. The air passes upward around the tubes in the opposite direction to the flow of the hot gases.
  17. 17. Working Baffles increases the total path length of air and thus increase heat transfer . The heated air leaves at the upper end of the tube bank absorbing heat from the hot flue gases. The soot hopper provided at the bottom is used to collect soot during cleaning operation of the tubes.
  18. 18. Advantages of air preheating Preheated air increases combustion rate and then increases steam generations rate of boiler. Due to higher temperature of air, furnance temperature increases, so low grade coal can be burnt efficiently .
  19. 19. Advantages of air preheating Air heated by heat of exhaust gases. It reduces fuel consumptions . Therfore thermal efficiency of boiler increased.
  20. 20. Disadvantages of air preheating There are formations of clinkers , on the grate due to higher combustion temperature. Natural draught is not possible with air pre heater because of temperature of flue gases is reduced , also pressure drop take place in the flow of the flue gases. therfore forced draught is required.

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