Who? What? When? Where? The Holocaust was an extreme genocide that took place in the 1930’s to 1940’s. It took place in European countries, exterminating the Jewish. The Nazi party’s belief was that the Jewish were an evil that was plaguing their country, the Fatherland, and the world. The Jewish were handed over to concentration camps where they were forced to live a life of awful torture- starvation, hard labor, and death looming over your shoulder everywhere you went. Auschwitz, a Jewish concentration and extermination camp located in Poland. Hitler and his Nazi soldiers.
Cause number 1: <ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles. </li></ul><ul><li>This treaty was a “peace settlement” between Germany and the allied powers. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty demanded a lot of reparations (tolls and fees) from Germany and caused a steep decrease in their national funding. They, in total, cost 132 million marks ($31.4 billion back then). That’s now, in this present, 385 billion dollars in USD. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany lost their military and defenses as well as offenses. They weren’t allowed over the very small amount of 100,000 troops. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany also lost a big chunk of their land, both the land they inherited during the war and “stolen” land. </li></ul>
Cause number 2 <ul><li>Low National Morale. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany had a “us against the world” mentality due to their shame and guilt towards losing the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans had to push hard for national pride because to the shame they had for losing. </li></ul><ul><li>Their country was stripped of their land and Army. They were a very poor country at the time, and they were falling into a depression. </li></ul>
Cause number 3 <ul><li>Economic Depression. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a world wide depression, but, of course, hit the already suffering Germany the hardest. </li></ul><ul><li>They had put “Germany first,” as in only buying, making, building, and selling German products. NO exceptions. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time, Hitler introduced his Aryan Race idea to the public. Aryans were seen as a superior race above all the others. They were mostly decedents of Northern Europe. They were strong, able-bodied white people. </li></ul>
Cause number 4 <ul><li>Bigotry and Propaganda. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler addressed the Jews were the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish didn’t support the first World War because they had opted out. They were portrayed as “Money Mongers” who had operated “banks”/lending institutions/pawn shops, etc. The population was told that they kept money away and kept it away from the other Germans. </li></ul><ul><li>Posters and other fliers constantly showed the Jewish population as animalistic, like filthy rats, and not to be trusted. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were not acceptable material for the Aryan Race . </li></ul><ul><li>Germany felt they needed to rid its homeland of the “outsiders.” </li></ul><ul><li>It was a nation with one goal. All people who were not supporting the Nazis and Nazi plan were enemies of the state and must be exterminated! </li></ul>Nazi propaganda poster. Picture shows a snake stabbed in the head with a Star of David on it’s head.
Cause number 5 <ul><li>Extreme Nationalism. </li></ul><ul><li>This was built off of the “Germany first” mentality and the Aryan Race ideals. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler introduced his New World Order: White, Christian and German. If you didn’t fit the requirements, you’re out. </li></ul><ul><li>Schools, Public Offices, Radio, Newspapers, etc. Could only promote the German ideas. All else is heresy or treason, which concluded in prison sentences, banishment or even death. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany had a lot of paranoia or hysteria about enemy, so called, “spies.” They were the “ evil among us” and the paranoia only built. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nuremberg Race Laws were also brought to attention, which lead to Kristallnacht . </li></ul><ul><li>The Nuremberg Race Laws deprived Jewish of all their citizenship they once had. </li></ul><ul><li>Kristallnacht was when Germans broke and destroyed all of the Jewish businesses, taking their property and homes. The term Kristallnacht loosely means “The night of the broken glass.” </li></ul>
In conclusion… The Holocaust was an effect due to a lot of causes. The Treaty of Versailles began it all. Due to this treaty, low national morale began. The shame and guilt built higher and Germany went into the deep end, right into economic depression. When Hitler came into power with his Aryan Race idea, Bigotry and Propaganda was a big trend in Germany. Extreme nationalism happened, only fueled by the propaganda displayed all over the Fatherland, and Hitler and the Nazi party’s lies. The Holocaust was clearly caused by many events that took place before the event itself.