the analysis of the National Survey of Science, Technology and Innovation
2004 (Encuesta Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación) by CONCYTEC (2005)
reports the following facts. First, the proportion of firms that perform SCTel activities is
low, and the activities are concentrated in metropolitan Lima. The mega and large firms
are the firms with more initiatives in this field. These activities are developed in different
sectors, emphasizing food, beverage and tobacco, mining, commerce and petroleum.
Second, availability of R&D formal units decreases as firm size decreases. Third, the
main application of R&D spending activities is experimental research, then applied
research and, lastly, basic research. Also, firm R&D investment is mainly financed by own
resources. Fourth, most firms have computers and access to the Internet, although the
proportion is less for small and medium size enterprises. The access to ICT is significant,
but it varies depending on technology sophistication level and firm size. Fifth, part of
innovation activities is oriented towards product innovation and organization. Moreover,
innovations have shown a higher novelty grade in the framework of the firm itself and/
or local market. Sixth, Peru innovation capacity faces big challenges ahead. In general,
lack of access to financing and high cost of training are two main obstacles for innovation
activities across all firm categories.
In this perspective, this study has two main purposes: i) to report indicators of science,
technology and technological innovation, cooperation and ICT in Peru; and ii) to
provide evidence on the effect of SCTel activities and ICT on profitability in Peruvian
manufacturing firms. This study is organized as follows. Section 2 shows some indicators
of technological innovations and ICT use. Then, Section 3 displays evidence related
to economic performance of manufacturing firms. Section 4 presents the conceptual
framework and empirical approach, and Section 5 discusses econometric results.