Open Data: What is it, and
why are governments doing it?
Andrew Stott
UK Transparency Board
formerly Director, data.gov.uk...
2
3
4
5
What is Open Data?
6
Open data is
data
that can be
freely
used,
reused
and redistributed
by anyone
for any purpose.
Over 260 national, regional and city Open
Government Data initiatives
7
Objectives of Open Data
New Economic and Social Value
Improved public services
More Transparent Government
8
TripleObjecti...
Objectives of Open Data
New Economic and Social Value
Improved public services
More Transparent Government
9
TripleObjecti...
10
11
TFL Open Data as a Transport Investment
12
 ~500 Applications
(mobile, web, others)
 ~5000 people involved
in “app indus...
Anonymised medical prescription data
13
 Used experts in
 Health
 Data Analytics
 Analysed 35m
data records
 8 weeks
...
14
15
16
estate
agents/
realtors
Financial
services
builders and
other local
services
17
18
19
Assisting Foreign Inward Investment
20
A single business can use the same
information several ways!
21
Information services to the public
22
Business Intelligence
23
Customer attraction and retention
24
Economic Value of Open Data
 Open Gov Data in EU would increase business
activity by up to €40 Bn/year, with total benefi...
26
National Information Infrastructure
27
Case Study on Denmark’s
Address Data
Thanks to Danish Ministry of Housing, Urban
and Rural Affairs
House fires: should be like this
29
House fires: but sometimes like this
30
Denmark Address Data Vision
31
Postal services
Digital mapping
E-Government
Utilities
Research
Energy, Environment
Health ...
Address data collected & harmonized
1996-2001
32
Rural
City
Suburban
Mun StrC AdNo X-coord.
Y-coord. Arc.
--- ---- ---- --...
2002: Free of Charge Data Agreement
33
 Covered full public/private
sector re-use of address
data
 Available at marginal...
Assessment in 2010
34
Period Benefits Costs Return on
Investment
2004-09
(including
setup)
>€60m ~€2m 22:1
2010
(steady
st...
National Information Infrastructure
 Global Positioning System data now has
$122bn/yr benefits to US economy alone
 UK N...
Government can be an Open Data user too
36
Objectives of Open Data
New Economic and Social Value
Improved public services
More Transparent Government
37
TripleObject...
Performance of individual schools
38
Irene Choge, data journalist, NTV, Kenya.
39
The Health Assignment: Toilets and Grades
40http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A58R2yNQtio
Performance of individual hospitals
41
12+ Weeks
MRSA-free
Good C-Diff
recordLow
Mortality
2 recent
MRSA
Blood
clots
Patie...
Uganda: Open Data and Community Health
Monitoring
42
 33% reduction in
under-5 mortality
 20% extra utilisation
of out-p...
Performance of local police and courts
43
Open Data used to drive Citizen Engagement
44
Local team
Telephone, website, Facebook and Youtube ….
Local police
Twitter ...
Civil Society front-end to public services
45
Citizen-sourced data
46
#uksnow TN13 4/10
Objectives of Open Data
New Economic and Social Value
Improved public services
More Transparent Government
47
TripleObject...
Where does my money go?
48
Transparent and Accountable Government
49
Is My Money Being Spent Well?
50
What contracts are being granted to who?
51
Links to the
documents
Organisational Transparency
52
Where the person
is in the structure
Pay
Responsibil
Contact details
Do officials turn off their lights at night?
53
OpenlyLocal: a dashboard for each City
54
International Corporate Transparency
55
56
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Open Data: What is it, and why are governments doing it?

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Presentation given at Botswana Innovation Hub 7 August 2013

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  • 20120321 Macedonia Morning 0.9
  • 07/08/13 08:46 AM 20120112-bcs 1.0
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  • The concept of good management of reference data: Collect and compile once by the public; use as a common reference in many different applications, (developed primarily by private companies).
  • 07/08/13 08:46 AM 20120112-bcs 1.0
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  • 07/08/13 08:46 2012 03 05 Bratislava Plenary 0.2
  • 07/08/13 08:46
  • 07/08/13 08:46 AM 20120312 Moldova 1A 0.9
  • 07/08/13 08:46
  • 20120321 Macedonia Morning 0.9 07/08/13 08:46 AM
  • 07/08/13 08:46 AM 20120112-bcs 1.0
  • 20120312 Moldova 1A 0.9 07/08/13 08:46 AM
  • 07/08/13 08:46 20120312 Moldova 1A 0.9
  • 07/08/13 08:46 2012 03 05 Bratislava Plenary 0.2
  • Open Data: What is it, and why are governments doing it?

    1. 1. Open Data: What is it, and why are governments doing it? Andrew Stott UK Transparency Board formerly Director, data.gov.uk Senior Consultant, World Bank Gaborone, Botswana 07 Aug 2013 v0.2 @dirdigeng andrew.stott@dirdigeng.com
    2. 2. 2
    3. 3. 3
    4. 4. 4
    5. 5. 5
    6. 6. What is Open Data? 6 Open data is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone for any purpose.
    7. 7. Over 260 national, regional and city Open Government Data initiatives 7
    8. 8. Objectives of Open Data New Economic and Social Value Improved public services More Transparent Government 8 TripleObjectives
    9. 9. Objectives of Open Data New Economic and Social Value Improved public services More Transparent Government 9 TripleObjectives
    10. 10. 10
    11. 11. 11
    12. 12. TFL Open Data as a Transport Investment 12  ~500 Applications (mobile, web, others)  ~5000 people involved in “app industry”  As a transport project alone, evaluated by usual economic criteria: ROI = 58:1  TFL have stopped making their own apps
    13. 13. Anonymised medical prescription data 13  Used experts in  Health  Data Analytics  Analysed 35m data records  8 weeks  £200m+/yr savings  Repeatable  Could scale to £1.5bn
    14. 14. 14
    15. 15. 15
    16. 16. 16 estate agents/ realtors Financial services builders and other local services
    17. 17. 17
    18. 18. 18
    19. 19. 19
    20. 20. Assisting Foreign Inward Investment 20
    21. 21. A single business can use the same information several ways! 21
    22. 22. Information services to the public 22
    23. 23. Business Intelligence 23
    24. 24. Customer attraction and retention 24
    25. 25. Economic Value of Open Data  Open Gov Data in EU would increase business activity by up to €40 Bn/year, with total benefits up to €140 Bn/year (0.7% of GDP)  Australian study found ROI of ~500% from open data  Deloitte/POPSIS found open data was reused 10x-100x more than charged-for data 25 All economic analysis and case studies point the same way
    26. 26. 26
    27. 27. National Information Infrastructure 27
    28. 28. Case Study on Denmark’s Address Data Thanks to Danish Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Affairs
    29. 29. House fires: should be like this 29
    30. 30. House fires: but sometimes like this 30
    31. 31. Denmark Address Data Vision 31 Postal services Digital mapping E-Government Utilities Research Energy, Environment Health care Local Government Transport services Mobile services, GPSEmergency services Official address file maintained by the municipalities Addrx1 Common base for re-use and application development x1000
    32. 32. Address data collected & harmonized 1996-2001 32 Rural City Suburban Mun StrC AdNo X-coord. Y-coord. Arc. --- ---- ---- -------,-- -------,-- ----- 619 4605 _17A 248.510,45 153.345,08 175,0
    33. 33. 2002: Free of Charge Data Agreement 33  Covered full public/private sector re-use of address data  Available at marginal costs of distribution  No license fee or similar charging  Re-distribution permitted for all commercial and non-commercial purposes
    34. 34. Assessment in 2010 34 Period Benefits Costs Return on Investment 2004-09 (including setup) >€60m ~€2m 22:1 2010 (steady state) ~€14.0m ~€0.2m 70:1
    35. 35. National Information Infrastructure  Global Positioning System data now has $122bn/yr benefits to US economy alone  UK National Mapping Agency data supports £100bn/yr of GDP activity  Open Weather Data in US has created 400 companies employing 4000 people  Open addressing data in Denmark now gives €14m/yr benefits and 70:1 ROI 35
    36. 36. Government can be an Open Data user too 36
    37. 37. Objectives of Open Data New Economic and Social Value Improved public services More Transparent Government 37 TripleObjectives
    38. 38. Performance of individual schools 38
    39. 39. Irene Choge, data journalist, NTV, Kenya. 39
    40. 40. The Health Assignment: Toilets and Grades 40http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A58R2yNQtio
    41. 41. Performance of individual hospitals 41 12+ Weeks MRSA-free Good C-Diff recordLow Mortality 2 recent MRSA Blood clots Patient ratings
    42. 42. Uganda: Open Data and Community Health Monitoring 42  33% reduction in under-5 mortality  20% extra utilisation of out-patient services  Significant improvements in:  Immunization  Waiting times  Absenteeism
    43. 43. Performance of local police and courts 43
    44. 44. Open Data used to drive Citizen Engagement 44 Local team Telephone, website, Facebook and Youtube …. Local police Twitter feed How YOU can get involved It’s very local Accessible data on crime Attract Inform Engage Action
    45. 45. Civil Society front-end to public services 45
    46. 46. Citizen-sourced data 46 #uksnow TN13 4/10
    47. 47. Objectives of Open Data New Economic and Social Value Improved public services More Transparent Government 47 TripleObjectives
    48. 48. Where does my money go? 48
    49. 49. Transparent and Accountable Government 49
    50. 50. Is My Money Being Spent Well? 50
    51. 51. What contracts are being granted to who? 51 Links to the documents
    52. 52. Organisational Transparency 52 Where the person is in the structure Pay Responsibil Contact details
    53. 53. Do officials turn off their lights at night? 53
    54. 54. OpenlyLocal: a dashboard for each City 54
    55. 55. International Corporate Transparency 55
    56. 56. 56

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