Open Government Data: Implicationsfor AuditorsAndrew StottUK Transparency Boardformerly Director, data.gov.uk             ...
What is Open Data?            Open data is                  data              that can be                 freely          ...
3
A World of Open DataNow over 260 governmental Open Data sites                                            4
Why are Governments Opening            Data
Governments collect and use a lot of data                                            6
By releasing it as Open Data                      More Transparent GovernmentTriple Objectives                           I...
Open Data and Auditors: Some Topics The crowd as part of the system of control Maximising value from the information ass...
The crowd as part of the system          of control                                  9
UK Coalition Government Transparency                      Expenditure                      Senior staff salaries        ...
Financial Transparency: Macro Level                                      11
The emergence of data-driven journalism                                          12
Holding government accountable                                 13
Transparent and Accountable Government                                         14
Financial Transparency: Transaction level                                            15
Pressure to justify and restrain costs                                         16
Pressure to justify and restrain costs                                         17
Contracts: A great example from Slovakia“Rate this                                           Fair-Play                    ...
Transparency promoting sustainability                                        19
Maximising value from the   information assets                            20
Economic Value of Open Data                              21
Economic Value of Open Data Open Gov Data in EU would increase  business activity by up to €40 Bn/year, with  total benef...
National Information Infrastructure                                      23
National Information InfrastructureThe data a government collects can provide the“National Information Infrastructure” Gl...
Emerging Open Data Business Models Cleansing and organising data Information services to the public Data mining Operat...
Cleansing and organising data    Business Intelligence from item-level              purchasing data               26
Information services to the public                                     27
Enabling others to mine data to improvepublic outcomes                          Prescription data                        ...
Saving money on medical prescriptions                                        29
Operational efficiency/optimisationReal time info on road delays and roadworks allowslogistics efficiency                 ...
Financial Products                     Weather Risk                     Management                     industry in        ...
Data Broking                Most complete                 Directory of French                 Data                14,000...
Government is a data user too   Sharing Open Data within publicagencies in Manchester saves €10m/yr   33
It’s not just about new dataScope for “Open Data” also includes datapreviously “published” but … in non-reusable format ...
Challenge charging for government data Economically sub-  optimal Licensing inhibits  innovation Hidden Costs –  market...
Data creating citizen pressure to       improve services                                    36
Performance of Schools
Crime Data and Police/Court Performance                                          38
Hospital and Clinic PerformancePatient                              12+ Weeksratings                              MRSA-fre...
Is there data on things people care about?                                             40
Assessing the “Open Government” loop                      41
How effective is “consultation” really?                                          42
Crowd-sourcing efficiency cuts                                 43
Crowd-sourcing regulatory reform 40% of comments rated useful by agency 50% of regulations will be scrapped/changed 44
Crime: Data Engagement                       Accessible data on crimeIt’s very localLocal team                           ...
Also ask …. is the government listening?                                           46
Government as a Platform                           47
Better Information services to the public                     Transport, public                     facilities and crime d...
Civil Society front-end to public services                                             49
Engage with developersPhotos: @memespring,        50@MadLabUK, @paul_clarke
Licensing            51
Standards            52
Quality of internal informationsystems and sourcing of data                                  53
Data Quality                Release of data                 will reveal issues                 of data quality           ...
Using citizens to help improve data                                      55
Citizen-sourced data           #uksnow TN13 4/10   56
Data Publishing – Star Quality                       Put your data on the Web (any                        format)        ...
Measure conformance with standards                                     58
Open Auditing?                 59
Open Auditing? Open Data as part of audit intelligence Public Engagement on Priority setting Transparency of process “...
Open Data and Auditors The crowd as part of the system of control Maximising value from the information assets Data cre...
End      62
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Open Government Data: Implications for Auditors

  1. 1. Open Government Data: Implicationsfor AuditorsAndrew StottUK Transparency Boardformerly Director, data.gov.uk @dirdigengThe Hague andrew.stott@dirdigeng.com21 Jan 2013 1.0
  2. 2. What is Open Data? Open data is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone for any purpose. 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. A World of Open DataNow over 260 governmental Open Data sites 4
  5. 5. Why are Governments Opening Data
  6. 6. Governments collect and use a lot of data 6
  7. 7. By releasing it as Open Data More Transparent GovernmentTriple Objectives Improved public services New Economic and Social Value 7
  8. 8. Open Data and Auditors: Some Topics The crowd as part of the system of control Maximising value from the information assets Data creating citizen pressure to improve services Assessing the “Open Government” loop Government as a Platform Quality of internal information systems and sourcing of data Open Auditing? 8
  9. 9. The crowd as part of the system of control 9
  10. 10. UK Coalition Government Transparency  Expenditure  Senior staff salaries  Expenses  Contracts  Tenders  Organisation charts  Local service & performance data  Meetings with lobbyists  Meetings with press owners 10
  11. 11. Financial Transparency: Macro Level 11
  12. 12. The emergence of data-driven journalism 12
  13. 13. Holding government accountable 13
  14. 14. Transparent and Accountable Government 14
  15. 15. Financial Transparency: Transaction level 15
  16. 16. Pressure to justify and restrain costs 16
  17. 17. Pressure to justify and restrain costs 17
  18. 18. Contracts: A great example from Slovakia“Rate this Fair-Play Alliancecontract” Key details and links Original text of contract from Gov website 18 http://www.otvorenezmluvy.sk/
  19. 19. Transparency promoting sustainability 19
  20. 20. Maximising value from the information assets 20
  21. 21. Economic Value of Open Data 21
  22. 22. Economic Value of Open Data Open Gov Data in EU would increase business activity by up to €40 Bn/year, with total benefits up to €140 Bn/year Spanish study found ~€600m of business from open data with >5000 jobs Australian study found ROI of ~500% from open data Deloitte found open data was reused 10x-100x more than charged-for data 22
  23. 23. National Information Infrastructure 23
  24. 24. National Information InfrastructureThe data a government collects can provide the“National Information Infrastructure” Global Positioning System data now has $122bn/yr benefits to US economy alone UK National Mapping Agency data supports £100bn/yr of GDP activity Open Weather Data in US has created 400 companies employing 4000 people Open addressing data in Denmark now gives €14m/yr benefits and 70:1 ROI 24
  25. 25. Emerging Open Data Business Models Cleansing and organising data Information services to the public Data mining Operational efficiency/optimisation Financial products Customer attraction and retention Data broking Value-added services back to Government
  26. 26. Cleansing and organising data Business Intelligence from item-level purchasing data 26
  27. 27. Information services to the public 27
  28. 28. Enabling others to mine data to improvepublic outcomes  Prescription data  Patient outcome data  Longitudinal health records  Pupil-level education records 28
  29. 29. Saving money on medical prescriptions 29
  30. 30. Operational efficiency/optimisationReal time info on road delays and roadworks allowslogistics efficiency 30
  31. 31. Financial Products Weather Risk Management industry in North America: $ 4billion annual contract value
  32. 32. Data Broking  Most complete Directory of French Data  14,000 datasets  Scope:  French National and Regional (+ some European)  Public & private  Open & charged  Search  News  Contacts for specialists 32
  33. 33. Government is a data user too Sharing Open Data within publicagencies in Manchester saves €10m/yr 33
  34. 34. It’s not just about new dataScope for “Open Data” also includes datapreviously “published” but … in non-reusable format with restricted licence only aimed at specialist groups only for payment only in response to requests difficult to find data.gov.uk contains a lot of data which nobody knew was already published 34
  35. 35. Challenge charging for government data Economically sub- optimal Licensing inhibits innovation Hidden Costs – marketing, payment collection, enforcement Barriers to entry suit existing customers No real pressure for efficiency 35
  36. 36. Data creating citizen pressure to improve services 36
  37. 37. Performance of Schools
  38. 38. Crime Data and Police/Court Performance 38
  39. 39. Hospital and Clinic PerformancePatient 12+ Weeksratings MRSA-freeBloodclots2 recentMRSA Good C-DiffLow recordMortality 39
  40. 40. Is there data on things people care about? 40
  41. 41. Assessing the “Open Government” loop 41
  42. 42. How effective is “consultation” really? 42
  43. 43. Crowd-sourcing efficiency cuts 43
  44. 44. Crowd-sourcing regulatory reform 40% of comments rated useful by agency 50% of regulations will be scrapped/changed 44
  45. 45. Crime: Data Engagement Accessible data on crimeIt’s very localLocal team How YOU can get involved Local police Twitter feed Telephone, website, Facebook and Youtube …. Attract Inform Engage Action 45
  46. 46. Also ask …. is the government listening? 46
  47. 47. Government as a Platform 47
  48. 48. Better Information services to the public Transport, public facilities and crime data among most downloaded Smartphone Apps 48
  49. 49. Civil Society front-end to public services 49
  50. 50. Engage with developersPhotos: @memespring, 50@MadLabUK, @paul_clarke
  51. 51. Licensing 51
  52. 52. Standards 52
  53. 53. Quality of internal informationsystems and sourcing of data 53
  54. 54. Data Quality  Release of data will reveal issues of data quality  Celebrate greater checking of data!  Use as stimulus to  Measure  Prioritise  Improve 54
  55. 55. Using citizens to help improve data 55
  56. 56. Citizen-sourced data #uksnow TN13 4/10 56
  57. 57. Data Publishing – Star Quality  Put your data on the Web (any format)  Make it available as structured dataEase of reuse (e.g. Excel, CSV, instead of PDF)  Use open, standard formats (e.g. XML, RDF)  Use URLs to identify things (so people and machines can point at your data)  Link your data to other people’s data Benefits of linked data within Government also 57
  58. 58. Measure conformance with standards 58
  59. 59. Open Auditing? 59
  60. 60. Open Auditing? Open Data as part of audit intelligence Public Engagement on Priority setting Transparency of process “Audit as a platform” ‒ Leverage crowdsourcing for audit effectiveness ‒ Results available for re-use and extension Audit 2.0? 60
  61. 61. Open Data and Auditors The crowd as part of the system of control Maximising value from the information assets Data creating citizen pressure to improve services Assessing the “Open Government” loop Government as a Platform Quality of internal information systems and sourcing of data Open Auditing?! 61
  62. 62. End 62

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