Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
October 20, 2008 1
Programmed learning is one of theimportant innovations of the 20thcentury in the teaching –learningprocess.October 20, 200...
 Self InstructionalTechnique Individualized Instruction Logically Sequenced (SmallSegments)October 20, 2008 3
Related EducatorsOctober 20, 2008 4 Thorndike -Trial and Error Gagne-Chain -Signal Learning Robertmager - Learner Contr...
Definitions It is a Systematic Step By Step Self InstructionalProgrammes. It is a device which presents an exercise or a...
Characteristics Individualized instruction Logically sequenced ,small steps called‘frames’. Pay due consideration to th...
principles Small steps. Active participation and responding Reinforcement Self –pacing Self evaluation Immediate fee...
Programmed instructionalmaterials Teaching machines Programmed text books Scrambled bookOctober 20, 2008 8
Types of programming Linear or extrinsic Branching or intrinsicOctober 20, 2008 9
LINEAR B.F Skinner Straight line-single track Every learner follow the same pathOctober 20, 2008 1021 3 4
BranchingOctober 20, 2008 11 Norman A Crowder Bigger frames Content frame Remedial frame
Content framea) Repeating student response,b) Positive confirmationc) New informationd) Questione) Alternative answers-dir...
Remedial framea) Repeating the student responseb) Negative confirmationc) Reason as to why he is wrongd) Further explanati...
Forward branchingWhether it is right or wrong learner----new pageOctober 20, 2008 141Remedial+Parallel Qn2
Backward branchingOctober 20, 2008 15 Repeating the missed frames
Linear cum Branching ,MatheticsOctober 20, 2008 16
Structure of a programmeOctober 20, 2008 17 Pre test Entering behaviour Programme (broken down intoelements) Post test...
ComparisonProgrammed instructionLinear Branching MatheticsOctober 20, 2008 18small larger biggerWritten or performanceMult...
Primes & Prompts For helping the learner make thecorrect response and eliminate error,he is assisted in the form of prime...
Priming is introduced in a framethrough a process of copying theresponse given in the stimulus All elements are made up o...
 Prompt is a hint or cue , is provided tohelp the learner to choose the correctresponse The prompt can be classified int...
 Characteristics Linear Programming BranchedProgramming of the programme1. Step size Small Large2. Response type Const...
ThanksOctober 20, 2008 23
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Programmed learning

19,712 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Programmed learning

  1. 1. October 20, 2008 1
  2. 2. Programmed learning is one of theimportant innovations of the 20thcentury in the teaching –learningprocess.October 20, 2008 2
  3. 3.  Self InstructionalTechnique Individualized Instruction Logically Sequenced (SmallSegments)October 20, 2008 3
  4. 4. Related EducatorsOctober 20, 2008 4 Thorndike -Trial and Error Gagne-Chain -Signal Learning Robertmager - Learner ControlledInstruct Skinner -Operant Conditioning Sidne L Pressy -Teaching Machines Norman A Crowder -Mathetics T.F.Gilbert -Intrinsic Lawrence Stolurow - C A I (Computer Edgerdale - Cone Of Experience
  5. 5. Definitions It is a Systematic Step By Step Self InstructionalProgrammes. It is a device which presents an exercise or a problemto a student , inducing him to respond , and revealingto him whether or not his response is correct. It is a method of designing a reproducible sequenceof instructional events to produce a measurable andconsistent effect on the behaviour of each and everyacceptable student. Educational programming is the scheduling andcontrol of student behaviour in the learning process. It is a planned sequence of experiences, leading toproficiency in terms of stimulus response relationship.October 20, 2008 5
  6. 6. Characteristics Individualized instruction Logically sequenced ,small steps called‘frames’. Pay due consideration to the initial or enteringbehaviour of the learner. Provision for feed –back. Interaction between the learner and thelearning material is important. Self –pacing to the learner . Continuous evaluation.October 20, 2008 6
  7. 7. principles Small steps. Active participation and responding Reinforcement Self –pacing Self evaluation Immediate feed –backOctober 20, 2008 7
  8. 8. Programmed instructionalmaterials Teaching machines Programmed text books Scrambled bookOctober 20, 2008 8
  9. 9. Types of programming Linear or extrinsic Branching or intrinsicOctober 20, 2008 9
  10. 10. LINEAR B.F Skinner Straight line-single track Every learner follow the same pathOctober 20, 2008 1021 3 4
  11. 11. BranchingOctober 20, 2008 11 Norman A Crowder Bigger frames Content frame Remedial frame
  12. 12. Content framea) Repeating student response,b) Positive confirmationc) New informationd) Questione) Alternative answers-directions togo to relevant pageOctober 20, 2008 12
  13. 13. Remedial framea) Repeating the student responseb) Negative confirmationc) Reason as to why he is wrongd) Further explanationse) Directions as to where the learnershould go next.October 20, 2008 13
  14. 14. Forward branchingWhether it is right or wrong learner----new pageOctober 20, 2008 141Remedial+Parallel Qn2
  15. 15. Backward branchingOctober 20, 2008 15 Repeating the missed frames
  16. 16. Linear cum Branching ,MatheticsOctober 20, 2008 16
  17. 17. Structure of a programmeOctober 20, 2008 17 Pre test Entering behaviour Programme (broken down intoelements) Post test Terminal behaviour
  18. 18. ComparisonProgrammed instructionLinear Branching MatheticsOctober 20, 2008 18small larger biggerWritten or performanceMultiple choiceconstructedLinear bookLow costScrambledexpensiveInstra -packageHigh cost
  19. 19. Primes & Prompts For helping the learner make thecorrect response and eliminate error,he is assisted in the form of primesand prompts in the introductoryframe.October 20, 2008 19
  20. 20. Priming is introduced in a framethrough a process of copying theresponse given in the stimulus All elements are made up of smallparticles of matter called atoms The smallest particle of copper iscalled----(Example)October 20, 2008 20
  21. 21.  Prompt is a hint or cue , is provided tohelp the learner to choose the correctresponse The prompt can be classified intotwo categories1) Formal (provides an indication ofform of response)2) Thematic (depends on the generalproperties of the promptingstimulus).October 20, 2008 21
  22. 22.  Characteristics Linear Programming BranchedProgramming of the programme1. Step size Small Large2. Response type Constructed Multiple choice3. Reinforcement Correctness of response ultimate correctne4. Subject matter5. Paper Programme6. Cost7. Control of response8. Level of learner9. Mode of response 10.ProcedureOctober 20, 2008 22
  23. 23. ThanksOctober 20, 2008 23

×