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CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

EXPRESSIONISM

MODERNISM

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE

CONTEM...
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

2
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

EVOLUTION OF EXPRESSIONISM VIA GERMANY

EXPRESSIONISM
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT-INTRODUCTION

 Present the world solely from
subjective persp...
EVOLUTION

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

 Julien Auguste Herve called his Art
Exhibition as EXPRESSIONISMES in
188...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

Characteristics in ART
 Subjective interpretation, to express
emotions, moods and id...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

EXPRESSIONIST ARCHITECTURE-Intro - Context

 Expressionist architecture described th...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

ARCHITECTURE CHARACTERS

 Distorted form for emotional
effect, subordination of real...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

ARCHITECTS AND ARCHITECTURE

 Ar. Bruno Taut inspired from
the writings of Friedrich...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

MATERIAL AND TECHNOLOGY

Brick was used
as inherent nature
of material as
Josef Fran...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

LEGACY, DECLINE AND REBIRTH

 Influences on Art
Deco -immediate
successor

 21st Ce...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

NEO EXPRESSIONISM

 Brutalist architecture as typically very
linear, fortresslike an...
OTHER FORMS OF ART

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

MUSIC DANCE
Mary Wigman
Rudolf Von Lavan
Pina Bausch-choreogr...
CRITICISM AND DECLINE OF MOVEMENT

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215







Movement declined in the late 1920s
The...
MODERNISM
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

15
INTRO TO MODERN SOCIETY

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

 Radical break with the past and the search for new forms o...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

ORIGIN AND EARLY PERIOD

 Modernism developed out of Romanticism's revolt against th...
PHILOSOPHY

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

RATIONALISM
Scholastic
metaphysical
doctrines were
meaningless
Ideas not ...
PHILOSOPHY

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

EXISTENTIALISM
The starting point of
philosophical
thinking must be the
i...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

BEGINNING,GROWTH AND ADVANCEMENT

 Richard Dedekind (Dedekind cut) and Ludwig Boltzm...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

DEVELOPS AND CONTINUES

 Technology advancement with auto-devices and money oriented...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

DEVELOPMENT

•

Stream of consciousness was the prime literary philosophy of modernis...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

MODERN ARCHITECTURE

 Characterized by simplification of form and an absence of appl...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

CHARACTERS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE

 Simplicity in form and absence of
intricate deco...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

FATHER OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE

Louis Henry Sullivan
•
•
•
•

September 3, 1856 – Apri...
FORMS OF MODERNISM

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

Constructivism
in Soviet Union

 Futurism in Italy
Arts and cr...
FORMS OF MODERNISM

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

Art Nouveau

Expressionism in Germany

New Objectivity

CONTEMPOR...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

FORMS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE

International
Style

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

28
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

CRITICISM AND NEW IDEA- POST MODERN

 Overly simplistic forms
 Philip Johnson came ...
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

30
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

INTRO TO SUSTAINABILITY AND SUSTAINABLE
ARCHITECTURE

Meeting the needs of the presen...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

NEEDS IMPORTANCES AND OBJECTIVES

 Economy – Architecture
Growth of economy of count...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

•

PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

Economy of Resources is concerned with the reduc...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

•

PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

Life Cycle Design provides a methodology for ana...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

• Humane Design focuses on
the interactions between...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

•

•

•

THE ROOKERY BUILDING

209 South LaSalle Street in
the Loop community
area of...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

1871

1885

1888

HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY

• After the Great Chicago Fire, the area a...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

1905

1931

HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY

•Frank Lloyd Wright was commissioned to update t...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

1970

1972

1982

1988

HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY

• The Rookery is placed on The Natio...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

1992

2008

2011

HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY

• Newest, and most extensive, restoration ...
ARCHITECTS AND THEIR WORKS

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

Daniel Hudson Burnhum and John
Wellborn Root
 Defining r...
RENOVATIONS AND ARCHITECTS

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

Frank Llyod Wright
 Removed iron and terra cotta detaili...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

FURTHER RENOVATIONS BY DRUMMOND

WILLIAM DRUMMOND
 Modernize the building and bring ...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

BALDWIN DEVELOPMENT CUM MC CLIER ARCHITECTS
 In 1988, L. Thomas Baldwin III
purchase...
ARCHITECTURE OF ROOKERY

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

vestibule

Light
court

elevators

Plan of the
first floor
...
ASTONISHING ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

•
•

Root devised Grillage Foundation
Designed a ...
WALT DISNEY CONCERT HALL

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

48
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

•
•
•

•
•
•
•

THE CONCERT HALL

111 South Grand Avenue, Los
Angeles, California
Arc...
CONSTRUCTION

ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

•

•
•

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

Projected commenced in 1987 when Lil...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

PLAN

51
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

CROSS SECTION

52
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•
•
•

ACOUSTIC

Acoustic consultant : Nagata
Acoustics, Inc
Room volume : 30,600cm
R...
ANUPA BHATTA 206
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•
•
•

•

REFLECTIVE PROBLEMS

stainless steel given a matte finish and the Founders ...
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•
•

CONCERT ORGAN

German organ builder Caspar Glatter-Götz under the tonal directio...
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DIPESH PRADHAN 215

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

56
ANUPA BHATTA 206
DIPESH PRADHAN 215

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

57
Expressionism Modernism Sustainable Architecture Rookery Walt Disney Concert Hall
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Expressionism Modernism Sustainable Architecture Rookery Walt Disney Concert Hall

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It is a report on Contemporary Architecture, that includes brief in sight of the Expressionism, Modernism, and Sustainable Architecture along with famous architecturally important buildings The Rookery Building and Walt Disney Concert Hall.

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Expressionism Modernism Sustainable Architecture Rookery Walt Disney Concert Hall

  1. 1. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 EXPRESSIONISM MODERNISM SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 1
  2. 2. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 2
  3. 3. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 EVOLUTION OF EXPRESSIONISM VIA GERMANY EXPRESSIONISM
  4. 4. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT-INTRODUCTION  Present the world solely from subjective perspective  Artists sought to express emotional experience rather than physical reality  Characterized reaction against Positivism, Naturalism and Impressionism CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 4
  5. 5. EVOLUTION ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215  Julien Auguste Herve called his Art Exhibition as EXPRESSIONISMES in 1886 while Czech Art historian Antonin Matejcek coined the term in 1910  Precursors were Friedrich Nietzsche, August Stindberg, Walt Whitman, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Edvard Munch, Vincent Van Gogh, Sigmund Freud….  Die Brucke led by Ernst Ludwig Kirchev in 1905- founding expressionist movement Van Gogh EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT 5
  6. 6. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 Characteristics in ART  Subjective interpretation, to express emotions, moods and ideas  a form of ‘self-expression’ that offer an individual voice in a world perceive as both insecure and hostile.  Use of intense colours Expressionist movement 6
  7. 7. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 EXPRESSIONIST ARCHITECTURE-Intro - Context  Expressionist architecture described the activity of the German, Dutch, Austrian, Czech and Danish avant garde from 1910 until 1930  Political, economic and artistic shifts called Expressionist movement especially due to loss in war and depressions  Arts and Crafts movement and Art Nouveau influenced expressionists  Constructivism, Futurism and Dada movement had similar expressions Monument to the March Dead EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT 7
  8. 8. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 ARCHITECTURE CHARACTERS  Distorted form for emotional effect, subordination of realism  Efforts to achieve innovation  More mineral and elemental than organic and florid  Artistic and craftmanship  Architecture as a work of artprime concept  Profusion of works on paper, representation of concepts rather than pragmatic products.  Tendencies towards Gothic, Romanesque and Rococo styles. EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT 8
  9. 9. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 ARCHITECTS AND ARCHITECTURE  Ar. Bruno Taut inspired from the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche that resulted Taut’s Alpine Architecture “Objects serve psychologically to mirror the actors' emotions and gestures." Erich Mendelshon built Einstein Tower built to symbolize greatness of Einstienian concept - 1919 EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT AEG Turbine Factory Hermann Finsterlin – Art Work 9
  10. 10. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 MATERIAL AND TECHNOLOGY Brick was used as inherent nature of material as Josef Franke in  Unify the materials so as to make it monolithic.  Collaboration of Bruno Taut and poet Paul Scheebart inventing Glass Architecture Catholic parish church "HeiligKreuz" at Gelsenkirchen, "Coloured glass destroys hatred","Without a glass palace life is a burden","Glass brings us a new era, building in brick only does us harm"- Paul Scheerbart Einstein Tower, Mendelshon – Example of Expressionist use of Monolithic materials. EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT 10
  11. 11. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 LEGACY, DECLINE AND REBIRTH  Influences on Art Deco -immediate successor  21st Cent. Deconstructivism, Blobitecture and works of Calatrava EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT 1930 after Hitlers’ regime expressionism declined New Objectivity came as the reaction to subjective expressionism Existenzminimum philosophy- use of minimal resources 11
  12. 12. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 NEO EXPRESSIONISM  Brutalist architecture as typically very linear, fortresslike and blockish, often a concrete construction “Architecture's principal function is emotion.“ – Ar. Mathias Goeritz Eero Sarinen – TWA Terminal – organic forms close to Herman Finsterlin EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT Sydney Opera House- Jorn Utzon with the shell structure 12
  13. 13. OTHER FORMS OF ART ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 MUSIC DANCE Mary Wigman Rudolf Von Lavan Pina Bausch-choreographer Ernst Barlach- sculptor POETRY and LITERATURE       T.S. Eliot Ernst Stadler August Stramn Paul Zech Gottfried Benn Alfred Wolfenstein EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT VISUAL ARTS Wassily Kandinsky Edvard Munch- The Scream Alvar Cawen- The Blind Musician Vincent Van Gogh John Walker 13
  14. 14. CRITICISM AND DECLINE OF MOVEMENT ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215      Movement declined in the late 1920s The vagueness of its longing for a better world, by its use of highly poetic language Intensely personal and inaccessible nature of its mode of presentation Political stability in Germany and growth of social realism Killed by Nazis rise to the power in 1933 restrained them in exhibiting their work ART DECO EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT 14
  15. 15. MODERNISM CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 15
  16. 16. INTRO TO MODERN SOCIETY ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215  Radical break with the past and the search for new forms of expression.  Prime factor being the rapid development of modern industrial societies CLASSICAL AGE Modernism as a socially progressive trend of thought that affirms the power of human to create, improve and reshape their environment with the aid of practical experimentation, scientific knowledge, or technology Late 19th cent.– early 20th cent. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE M I D D L E A G E MODERN AGE 16
  17. 17. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 ORIGIN AND EARLY PERIOD  Modernism developed out of Romanticism's revolt against the effects of the Industrial Revolution and bourgeois values  Industrial Advancement – Crystal Palace 1850 , Eiffel Tower 1889, Brooklyn Bridge 1883 broke all past limitations Thinkers Charles Darwin undermined Religious certainty while Karl Marx bashed Capitalists’ autocracy CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 17
  18. 18. PHILOSOPHY ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 RATIONALISM Scholastic metaphysical doctrines were meaningless Ideas not only derive from pure thinking but by also god Proponents: Rene Descartes CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE EMPIRICISM Knowledge comes via sensory experience Proponents : George Berkeley Karl Marx Jean Rousseau John Locke IDEALISM REALITY is a construct of the mind or otherwise immaterial. Proponents: Immanuel Kant 18
  19. 19. PHILOSOPHY ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 EXISTENTIALISM The starting point of philosophical thinking must be the individual and the experiences of the individual Proponents: Friedrich Neitzsche Soren Kierkegaard CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE PRAGMATISM Theory is extracted from practice, and applied back to practice to form Proponents : William James ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY Characterized by an emphasis on clarity and argument. Dominant in 20th century Proponents: Moritz Schlick Bernard Russell 19
  20. 20. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 BEGINNING,GROWTH AND ADVANCEMENT  Richard Dedekind (Dedekind cut) and Ludwig Boltzmann(Boltzmann law) mark the beginning of Modernism while critics argue Immanuel Kant to be the first Modernist  Sigmund Freud and Friedrich Neitzsche’s philosophy took a turn for modern thinking  Evolution of Expressionist Art followed by Constructivist, Cubist, De stjil , fauvism and other forms of movements CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 20
  21. 21. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 DEVELOPS AND CONTINUES  Technology advancement with auto-devices and money oriented society brought social changes  Rise of dictators like Adolf Hitler affects artists’ freedom  World War II brought up social upheavel with radical change in perception of general people CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 21
  22. 22. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 DEVELOPMENT • Stream of consciousness was the prime literary philosophy of modernism • Modernist movement suffered World War I - The traumatic nature altered basic assumptions, and realistic depiction of life in the arts seemed inadequate as Erich Maria Remarque's works influenced and forth called importance of realism that was accepted in the 1920s CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 22
  23. 23. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 MODERN ARCHITECTURE  Characterized by simplification of form and an absence of applied decoration  Efforts to reconcile the principles underlying architectural design with rapid technological advancement and the modernization of society CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 23
  24. 24. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 CHARACTERS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE  Simplicity in form and absence of intricate decorations  Notion of Form follows function  Visual Expression of structure rather than hiding the structure  Truth to materials  Machine asthetics CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 24
  25. 25. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 FATHER OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE Louis Henry Sullivan • • • • September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924 the creator of the modern skyscraper a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright and inspiration to the Chicago group of architects Along with Henry Hobson Richardson and Wright, Sullivan is one of "the recognized trinity of American architecture" CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 25
  26. 26. FORMS OF MODERNISM ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 Constructivism in Soviet Union  Futurism in Italy Arts and crafts in Western Europe CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 26
  27. 27. FORMS OF MODERNISM ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 Art Nouveau Expressionism in Germany New Objectivity CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 27
  28. 28. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 FORMS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE International Style CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 28
  29. 29. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 CRITICISM AND NEW IDEA- POST MODERN  Overly simplistic forms  Philip Johnson came to admit that he was "bored with the box." .Siegfried Giedion in the 1961 introduction to his evolving text, Space, Time and Architecture (first written in 1941), portrays "At the moment a certain confusion exists in contemporary architecture, as in painting; a kind of pause, even a kind of exhaustion." CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 29
  30. 30. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 30
  31. 31. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 INTRO TO SUSTAINABILITY AND SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. - Sustainability, World Commission 1987 Architecture that seeks to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy, and development space. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 31
  32. 32. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 NEEDS IMPORTANCES AND OBJECTIVES  Economy – Architecture Growth of economy of country means numbers of offices, factories…. Growth of incomes in families lead to desires for luxuries  Architects should accept the fact that as economy increase, increase in demands occur, that will increase combined impact on global ecosystem  The goal of sustainable design is to find architectural solutions that guarantee the well-being and coexistence of ECO elements CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 32
  33. 33. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN Economy of Resources is concerned with the reduction, reuse, and recycling of the natural resources that are input to a building. Law of resource flow conservation CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 33
  34. 34. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN Life Cycle Design provides a methodology for analyzing the building process and its impact on the environment CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 34
  35. 35. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN • Humane Design focuses on the interactions between humans and the natural world. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 35
  36. 36. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • • • THE ROOKERY BUILDING 209 South LaSalle Street in the Loop community area of Chicago Burnham & Root; Frank Lloyd Wright; William Drummond; National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and National Historic Landmark in 1975 considered as architectural masterpiece 181 feet (55 m), is twelve stories The name • the crows and pigeons that inhabited its exterior walls; specifically rook bird • the shady politicians it housed like the rook CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 37
  37. 37. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 1871 1885 1888 HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY • After the Great Chicago Fire, the area at the southeast corner of LaSalle and Adams streets was the location of a water tank, and at one time City Hall and the first Chicago Public Library. • Daniel Burnham and John Root were commissioned to design a building for the Central Safety Deposit Company to be located at the southeast corner of LaSalle and Adams Streets. • The Rookery was completed. At eleven stories high – this was one of the grandest buildings in the world at the time it was built. • Burnham & Root move their offices to The Rookery. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 38
  38. 38. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 1905 1931 HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY •Frank Lloyd Wright was commissioned to update the light court with a more modern appearance. He encased Root’s iron columns in gilded white marble and added bronze chandeliers with prismatic glass. •William Drummond incorporated an Art Deco aesthetic and divided the twostory entrance lobby into separate floors. He replaced Wright’s opengeometric elevator cages with solid bronze doors etched with birds. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 39
  39. 39. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 1970 1972 1982 1988 HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY • The Rookery is placed on The National Register of Historic Places. • The City of Chicago designates The Rookery an official Chicago Landmark. • The 100 year lease with the city expired and ownership of The Rookery reverted back to the city of Chicago. • L.T. Baldwin III purchases The Rookery with the intent to preserve its historic grandeur while also adapting it to modern day technologies. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 40
  40. 40. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 1992 2008 2011 HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY • Newest, and most extensive, restoration of The Rookery is complete, garnering numerous awards. A 12th story is added and the Burnham Library is restored. • New ownership ushers in a long-term commitment to enhance and share the historic and architectural heritage of this beloved place to conduct business in Chicago. • On November 30, 2011, the Rookery had a lighting event to showcase the new lights that were added onto the exterior of the building to highlight its architectural features. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 41
  41. 41. ARCHITECTS AND THEIR WORKS ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 Daniel Hudson Burnhum and John Wellborn Root  Defining role in Chicago’s commercial architecture  Impressed by their own achievements at The Rookery, Burnham & Root moved their offices to the eleventh floor of the building  Facilities included a library, gymnasium, baths, large drafting room, and commanding views of the city CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 42
  42. 42. RENOVATIONS AND ARCHITECTS ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 Frank Llyod Wright  Removed iron and terra cotta detailing on the central staircase, balconies, and walls, replacing it with geometric patterns like that in Root’s oriel stairs - HARMONY  Replaced the elevator grills with an open geometric cage  bronze chandeliers with prismatic glass above the central staircase CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 43
  43. 43. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 FURTHER RENOVATIONS BY DRUMMOND WILLIAM DRUMMOND  Modernize the building and bring in an Art Deco aesthetic.  Treated exposed surface with marble, gilded and incised with stylistic bird motifs.  Added a staircase that started at the second floor and protruded into the light court CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 44
  44. 44. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 BALDWIN DEVELOPMENT CUM MC CLIER ARCHITECTS  In 1988, L. Thomas Baldwin III purchased The Rookery for preservations  Architect Mc Clier Added a 12th floor  Restored the court’s glass ceiling, protecting it and the light well by installing a new skylight at roof level  The lobbies were re-opened and reconstructed to the Wright-era appearance, combining Root’s volume with Wright’s staircase CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 45
  45. 45. ARCHITECTURE OF ROOKERY ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 vestibule Light court elevators Plan of the first floor vestibule CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE entry 46
  46. 46. ASTONISHING ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • • Root devised Grillage Foundation Designed a hybrid structure masonry exterior wall and steel interior supports Light Court •Round granite columns at the base •Lower floors with continuous curtain walls providing natural light even if other buildings cast shadow on it •light court was a stark contrast: a wrought and cast iron frame that created the airy, bird-cagelike feel Oriel Staircase Entrance winds down the heavy stone from floor 12 to 2 arches exit door intricate, pattern Inside, lobbies s and the spiraling are finished with nature of the steps white Carrara is both marble that overwhelming and covered the walls awe-inspiring. and ceilings CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 47
  47. 47. WALT DISNEY CONCERT HALL CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 48
  48. 48. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • • • • • • • THE CONCERT HALL 111 South Grand Avenue, Los Angeles, California Architect : Frank O Gehry Acoustic Consultant : Nagata consultants, Yasuhisa Toyota Owner : Los Angeles County User : Los Angeles Philharmonic Construction Cost : $274 million Capacity : 2265 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 49
  49. 49. CONSTRUCTION ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • • • CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE Projected commenced in 1987 when Lilian Disney donated $50 million, Gehry delivered completed design in 1991 Underground parking garage const began in 1992 and completed in 1996 that cost $110 million Construction delayed due to fundraising causing financial problem for LA county 50
  50. 50. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE PLAN 51
  51. 51. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE CROSS SECTION 52
  52. 52. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • • • ACOUSTIC Acoustic consultant : Nagata Acoustics, Inc Room volume : 30,600cm Reverberation time : Unoccupied 2.2sec (at 550Hz) Occupied 2sec (at 550 Hz) Finishing Materials: Ceiling : Douglas Fir Wall : Douglas fir Floor : Oak Seat : Upholstered Noise Level : NC- 15 Organ : Rosales Organ Builders, Inc. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 53
  53. 53. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • • • • REFLECTIVE PROBLEMS stainless steel given a matte finish and the Founders Room and Children's Amphitheater were designed with highly polished mirror-like panels Reflection was amplified by concave shapes causing glare Resulting heat in nearby condominiums unbearably warm and adjacent sidewalks temp rose 140 deg In 2005 these were dulled by lightly sanding the panels to eliminate unwanted glare CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 54
  54. 54. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 • • CONCERT ORGAN German organ builder Caspar Glatter-Götz under the tonal direction and voicing of Manuel Rosales Console resemble North German Baroque organ CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 55
  55. 55. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 56
  56. 56. ANUPA BHATTA 206 DIPESH PRADHAN 215 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 57

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