Oct 25 rllw nepal advocacy_aan

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Oct 25 rllw nepal advocacy_aan

  1. 1. DRR POLICY ADVOCACY IN NEPAL DIPECHO Partners in Nepal
  2. 2. SHARING OUTLINE RationalesRationales ApproachesApproaches Key OutcomesKey Outcomes Key AchievementsKey Achievements ChallengesChallenges Key LearningKey Learning
  3. 3. RATIONALERATIONALE
  4. 4. “Building a culture of prevention is not easy. While the costs of prevention have to be paid in the present, its benefits lie in a distant future.” -Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, 1999
  5. 5. • Minimize the multi-hazard risks of disasters • Enactment of National Strategy on DRM (NSDRM) Nepal, adoption of HFA priorities • Formulation of Pro-people (vulnerable and disadvantaged) DRR policies, current Act is focused on Relief response only • Promoting Inclusive DRR policy and practices, specially on issues on Women rights, Disability Rights • Mass education and awareness on realization of DRR mainstreaming in Development RATIONALE OF ADVOCACY INITIATIVES IN DRR WORKS - 1RATIONALE OF ADVOCACY INITIATIVES IN DRR WORKS - 1
  6. 6. • Enhancing systematic Early Warning Mechanism for Disaster Risk Reduction Strengthening DRR Governance: – Ensuring development work do not perpetuate disaster – Ensuring disasters do not wash out the development – Protecting rights of the disaster victims, affected and vulnerable people RATIONALE OF ADVOCACY INITIATIVES IN DRR WORKS - 2RATIONALE OF ADVOCACY INITIATIVES IN DRR WORKS - 2
  7. 7. APPROACHESAPPROACHES
  8. 8. • Individual as well as joint initiatives by different DIPECHO partners based on their expertise • Inclusive DRR to ensure human rights, and accountability • Promote PLA (people led advocacy) at local, regional and national level on DRR • Strengthening networks of disaster affected people • Engaging with media on peoples’ causes and needs • Engaging with government, DRR focal ministries, departments and individuals • Using REFLECT and Women Empowerment Center (WEC) module as community awareness and mobilizations tools for grassroots advocacy • Research, study documentation (e.g. DRR Cost Benefit Analysis, HFA Stocktaking ) for policy influencing. APPROACHESAPPROACHES
  9. 9. AchievementsAchievements
  10. 10.  Over 1500 people took charge of advocacy during ISDR day (People’s Caravan and DRR Conclave) at national level  Nine points people’s declaration on inclusive DRR was handed over to President of Nepal  Government of Nepal’s commitment to bring new DM Act on priority Key Activities: National symposium, Rally on DRR sensitization, exhibition, street drama, youth & media sensitization, Media coverage / TV Show Involvement: NNDMC, DIPECHO partners, UN Agencies, DPNet, DIMAN and National Platform on DRR, Disability partners Key Achievements – 1 People Led AdvocacyKey Achievements – 1 People Led Advocacy
  11. 11. National strategy on Early Warning System drafted and Early Warning System User Group National Workshop held Key Action Areas: MOU, committee formation, drafting, sharing, submission to the cabinet Involvement: PA, MC, DHM, MOE, other DIPECHO partners Key Achievements – 2 Early Warning SystemKey Achievements – 2 Early Warning System
  12. 12. The comprehensive and inclusive DRR toolkit was made; widely distributed to Constituent Assembly (CA) members, Regional Government Authorities, Chief District Officers Key action areas: DRR tool kit design, MOU, Tool kit launching Involvement : 16 organizations including DIPECHO, UNDP, AIN, NGOs Key Achievements – 3 Tool KitKey Achievements – 3 Tool Kit
  13. 13. National Network of Community Based Disaster Management Committee (NNDMC) constitution, and strategy prepared, Networks expanded up to District and VDC level Key Action Areas: Rounds of Workshop/District level consultation meeting Involvement: NNDMC, OXFAM, AIN and other DIPECHO partners Key Achievements – 4 NetworkingKey Achievements – 4 Networking
  14. 14. Informed Constituent Assembly members of Nepal (150) on DRR ready to support in ratifying new DM Act. Over 400 CA members directly approached by the project Key Action Areas: Survey, DRR Orientation, Self commitment, CA Member visits Involvement: AA, Oxfam Key Achievements – 5 Mobilizing LawmakersKey Achievements – 5 Mobilizing Lawmakers
  15. 15. Prepared Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) of Regional Disaster Relief Committees, and enhanced commitment on DRR in all 5 regions of Nepal through orientations Key action areas: 5 Regional workshop on DP/DRR; Involvement: RDRC, AA, UNOCHA,CARE, DRC, MOHA, NPC and MOLD Key Achievements – 6 Strengthening SOPKey Achievements – 6 Strengthening SOP
  16. 16. Village Development Committee (VDC) Secretaries are oriented in DRR planning process: committed to form village level DMC, create DM fund and village level DM plan Key Action Areas: DRR Planning Training 2 days 3 events in 3 districts Involvement: AA, MOLD, MOHA Key Achievements – 7 DRR in Local GovernmentKey Achievements – 7 DRR in Local Government
  17. 17. Engaging with and pressurizing local government for optimization of local resource mobilization on mitigation activities and emergency fund. Key Action Areas: Interaction, social audit, rally, protest, stakeholder visit Involvement: All DIPECHO partners Key Achievements – 8 Resource OptimizationKey Achievements – 8 Resource Optimization
  18. 18. DIPECHO Film, Documentary, Feature and Radio program produced and broadcasted at national level contributed to mass Concentisation on DRR Media coverage on DRR issue increased as a result of newspaper and TV journalists are sensitized in inclusive DRR issues. Positive story on DRR, change and success of DIPECHO covered Key Achievements – 9 Mass Conscentisation & MediaKey Achievements – 9 Mass Conscentisation & Media Key Actions: MOU, script writing, shoot/record, transmission, Orientation on DRR, Field visit Involvement: DIPECHO partners, UNDP, MSN,ACORAB
  19. 19. • Supported 1 national and 16 districts DDRC to prepare for inclusive monsoon disaster preparedness plans Key Actions: Comments on DPP guidelines, presentation to national stakeholders, Involvement of specialized resource persons Involvement: DIPECHO partners, UNDP, MOHA, UNOCHA Key Achievements – 10 Influencing DPP Key Achievements – 10 Influencing DPP
  20. 20. KEY OUTCOMESKEY OUTCOMES
  21. 21. • NSDRM 2009 approved by Government • National strategy on EWS developed • NNCDMC’s federated constitution and strategy prepared • A comprehensive DRR Tool Kit prepared-owned by all DRR stakeholders • Disability InclusiveInclusive DRR promoted; Resource centers established under the umbrella of DPNet at national level and in 5 districts KEY OUTCOMES - 1KEY OUTCOMES - 1
  22. 22. • People’s declaration on DRR handed over to President (9 points) for directives. • Discourse on DRR has been increased in political arena parties, development organization and at communities • VDC budget allocation on DRR is made mandatory through new directives, allocation is in rise! • Research Study “Cost Benefit Analysis” justified DRR investment (MC Study shows 1 Euro investment in preparedness saves potential damage worth 5 Euro in Kailali, Nepal) • Presence, support and contribution of ECHO is visible as strong DRR actor (and recognized by the community and Government) KEY OUTCOMES - 2KEY OUTCOMES - 2
  23. 23. ChallengesChallenges
  24. 24. • Political uncertainties hinders policy change • Absence of local level elected representatives hinders translating policy into practice. • Varying mandate or interest of the organisation • Representation of vulnerable and excluded groups in pre-monsoon plan meeting • Availability of disaggregated data is difficult and likely to be not representative of reality ChallengesChallenges
  25. 25. Key LearningKey Learning
  26. 26. • Joint advocacy efforts proved to be effective and efficient (refer to adaptation of NSDRM, proactive role of government on passing the DRR Act, etc) • Linkage of community level plan with district level plan is necessary for sustainability • Working closely with Department of Hydrology & Metrology and district authorities for establishing CBEWS proved to be more efficient in terms of coverage, legitimacy and sustainability Key Learning - 1Key Learning - 1
  27. 27. • Scaling up and extension of EWS is essential with emphasis of multi-hazard approach • Achievable and measurable indicators to be developed on advocacy from the planning stage • REFLECT or WEC approach is effective to empower and mobilize all women to raise their voices and participate in decision making process on DRR • Institutionalization of networks is essential to lead advocacy efforts • Media as a partner for DRR promotion • Need to build the advocacy capacity of Disability stakeholders for their involvement in DRR Key Learning - 2Key Learning - 2
  28. 28. Thank you! Ashokraj.pokharel@actionaid.org

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