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# Ii day 8-npc-drr presentation

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Nepal Presentations at Regional DP / DRR Workshop Biratnagar July 14-15, 2010

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### Ii day 8-npc-drr presentation

1. 1. <ul><li>g]kfnsf] ljsf; of]hgfdf k|sf]k / k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] cfGtl/sLs/0f </li></ul><ul><li>tyf </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]k k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf </li></ul><ul><li>;fu/ cfrfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>sfo{qmd lgb]{zs </li></ul><ul><li>/fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf] ;lrjfno </li></ul>
2. 2. <ul><li>xflb{s :jfut Pjd gd:sf/ Û </li></ul>
3. 3. k|sf]k÷ljkb s] xf] < <ul><li>of] To:tf] cj:yf xf] hxfF dflg;sf] ;fdfGo hghLjgdf PsfPs cf;fdfGo kl/l:ylt l;h{gf x'G5 . dflg;sf] hLjg tx;gx; x'G5, ef}lts ;+/rgfx? Wj:t x'G5g . dflg;n] c?sf] ;xof]usf] ck]Iff u5{g . Tof] ;do s]jn qf;do dfq x'Fb}g dfqf cg';f/ eofjx ;d]t x'g] / gf]S;fgLsf] l:yltdf k'¥ofp5 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]k÷ljkb zAbn] </li></ul><ul><li>— cK7of/f] kl/l:yltnfO{ hgfpF5, </li></ul><ul><li>— ;dflhs ;+/rgfdf gf]S;fgL b]lvG5, </li></ul><ul><li>— p4f/sf] ck]Iff ul/G5, </li></ul>
4. 4. k|sf]k÷ljkb Joj:yfkg <ul><li>ljleGg gfdx?M k|sf]k, ljkb, ljkQL, b}jL k|sf]k, k|fs[lts k|sf]k, kof{j/0fLo k|sf]k . </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]k÷ljkb fO{ lgld6ofGg kfg{ ;lsGg t/ Joj:yfkg ug{ ;lsG5 . </li></ul><ul><li>cfsl:ds sf]ifsf] Joj:yf, ;+:yfut Ifdtf clea[l4, hgzlQmnfO{ tflnd, k|efjsf/L ;+rf/, k|sf]knfO{ Go&quot;gLs/0f ug]{ vfnsf k&quot;jf{wf/ lgdf{0f dfkm{t k|sf]k Joj:yfkg ug{ ;lsG5 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|efjsf/L Joj:yfkgaf6 hgwgsf] gf]S;fgLnfO{ sd ug]{, ljkQLdf k/]sfnfO{ p4f/ / /fxt, ;&quot;rgfsf] cfbfg k|bfgaf6 r]tgfsf] clea[l4 u/L jftfj/0f d}qL ljsf; ckgfpb} lbuf] ljsf;tkm{ cufl8 a9g ;lsG5 . </li></ul>
5. 5. sf/0fx?M <ul><li>cJojl:yt / xr'jf j;f]jf; </li></ul><ul><li>k|fs[lts ;|f]tsf] nfk/jfxLk&quot;0f{ k|of]u </li></ul><ul><li>sdhf]/ k&quot;jf{wf/ </li></ul><ul><li>cj}1flgs e&quot;pkof]u k4lt </li></ul><ul><li>sdhf]/ Joj:yfkg gLltx? </li></ul><ul><li>k|fljlws vf]h / cg';Gwfgsf] sdL </li></ul><ul><li>k&quot;j{tof/L / nufgLsf] sdL </li></ul>
6. 6. k|sf]k÷ljkbsf k|sf/x?M <ul><li>k|fs[lts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e'sDk, af9L klx/f] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cfFwLj]x/L, cl;gf, r6ofË </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>v8]/L </li></ul></ul><ul><li>dfgjLo lqmofsnfk hGo -;fdfGo ;fjwfgLaf6 klg aRg / arfpg ;lsg]_ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cfunflu, klx/f] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cf}Bf]lus b'3{6gf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>;8s b'3{6gfx? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dxfdf/L </li></ul></ul>
7. 7. k|sf]k÷ljkbjf6 kg]{ d'Vo c;/x?M <ul><ul><li>Jfftfj/0fLoM pTkfbsTj, lbuf]kgf, hnjfo' kl/jt{g, k|fs[lts ;Dkbfsf] gf]S;fgL, h}ljs ljljwtfsf] Åf; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dfgjLoM hLjg:t/, vfB ;'/Iff, lhljsf]kfh{g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eff}uflnsM hj/h:tL (Forced) a;fO;/fO{, dfgj clwsf/, ;fdflhs s'/LtL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>/fhg}ltsM cl:y/tf, åGå, lj:yfkg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cfly{sM pTkfbsTj, /fhZj, nufgL, /f]huf/L, cfly{s c;Gt'ng </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>;+/rgfutM ;+/rgfx? Wj:t x'g] </li></ul></ul>
8. 8. rfn' cGtl/d of]hgfsf /0fgLltx?M <ul><li>ljsf; lgdf{0f;DjGwL sfo{x?df jftfj/0f–d}qL k|0ffnLsf] k|of]u tyf ljsf;df hf]8 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|fs[lts k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] nflu pko'Qm ;&quot;rgf k|jfx / k|sf]k k&quot;j{sf tof/Ldf hf]8 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]kaf6 kLl8tnfO{ /fxt / p4f/sf] nflu ;/sf/L, u}/;/sf/L / lghL If]qaLr ;xsfo{{ . </li></ul>
9. 9. cGtl/d of]hgfsf d'Vo d'Vo sfo{gLltx?M <ul><li>k&quot;jf{wf/ lgdf{0f;DjGwL cfof]hgfx? sfof{Gjog ug'{k&quot;j{ g} jftfj/0fLo k|efj cWoog Pj+ k|fs[lts k|sf]k d&quot;NofÍg ;DjGwL Joj:yfnfO[ ;'b[9 ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|fs[lts k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DjGwL gLltut tyf ;+:yfut ;+oGqdf </li></ul><ul><li>;do;fk]If ;'wf/ ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]kaf6 kLl8tnfO{ /fxt, p4f/ / k'gM:yfkgf ug{ ;/sf/L, u}/;/sf/L / </li></ul><ul><li>lghLIf]qsf] ;xsfo{nfO{ ;'b[9 ug{ pko'Qm ;+oGqsf] ljsf; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|fs[lts k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fdf ;fd'bflos ;+:yfx? / cfd hg;xeflutf clej[l4 ug{ ;r]tgf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/g]5 . </li></ul>
10. 10. cGtl/d of]hgfsf d'Vo d'Vo sfo{gLltx?M <ul><li>k|sf]ksf] cTolws hf]lvd /x]sf If]qx?sf] klxrfg / gS;f+sg ug]{ sfo{nfO{ cufl8 a9fpb} k|sf]kk&quot;j{sf] tof/Ldf hf]8 lbOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]k Joj:yfkg;Dj4 lgsfox? / hgzlQmsf] Ifdtf clej[l4 ub}{ k|sf]k </li></ul><ul><li>Joj:Yffkgsf nflu u[x dGqfnonfO{ s]lGb|o ;dGjostf{sf] ?kdf ;Ifd / ;'b[9 agfOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>df};d tyf hnjfo&quot;sf] eljiojf0fLnfO{ b'?:t agfpg] k|ljlwsf] k|of]u ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>e+&quot;–Ifo, klx/f], af9L / gbL lgoGq0f sfo{nfO{ k|efjsf/L?kdf sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 . </li></ul>
11. 11. cfufdL of]hgfsf] d:of}bf <ul><li>of]hgfn] k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf & j6f If]qx? dWo]sf] Ps k|d'v k|fyldstfsf] If]q </li></ul><ul><li>jftfj/0f ;+/If0f u/L hnjfo' kl/jt{gaf6 kg]{ c;/ Go&quot;g ug{ / cj;/x?sf] pkef]udf Wofg lbO{g] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>o;nfO{ Pp6f cross-cutting ljifosf] ?kdf lnOPsf] . </li></ul>
12. 12. cfufdL cfjlws of]hgfsf] d:of}bfdf ljkb÷k|sf]k Joj:yfkg <ul><li>/0fgLltM </li></ul><ul><li>!= k|b&quot;if0f o'Qm ;jf/L ;fwg qmlds ?kn] lj:yfkg ug]{ / jftfj/0fd}qL -h:t}M ljh'nLaf6 rNg] uf8L, ;fOsnnfO{ j9L k|fyldstf lbg]_ lglZrt Go&quot;gtd :t/sf] ;]jfsf] dfkb08 k'/f ug]{ ;jf/L ;fwgnfO{ dfq rnfpg lbg] . </li></ul><ul><li>@= jftfj/0f d}qL k|ljlwx?sf] ljsf; / lj:tf/ u/L hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's&quot;n x'g] u/L s[lifhGo h}ljs ljljwtfsf] ;+/If0f, ;Dj4{g / ;b'kof]u ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>#= k&quot;jf{wf/ ljsf; / lgdf{0f sfo{sf] sf/0faf6 IftL x'g] jgh+unsf] u'0ffTds cg'kftdf j[Iff/f]k0f u/L jg sfod ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>\$= kljq lxdfno e&quot;kl/wL k4lt (Sacred Himalaya Landscape) sf] ;+/If0f tyf ;Dj4{g ug]{ . </li></ul>
13. 13. cfufdL cfjlws of]hgfsf] d:of}bfdf ljkb÷k|sf]k Joj:yfkg <ul><li>%= cfw'lgs ;&quot;rgf k|ljlw d}qL e&quot;ldJoj:yfkg k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; u/L e&quot;–;&quot;rgfdf ;j{;fwf/0f hgtfsf] kx&quot;Fr a9fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>^= hg;++Vof j[l4sf] ;d'lrt ljZn]if0f / Joj:yfkg ub}{ a;fO{;/fO{sf] ;d'lrt lgodg ;d]t u/L hg;+Vofsf] If]qLo ljt/0fdf ;Gt'ng sfod ug{ hf]8 lbg] . </li></ul><ul><li>&= jftfj/0fd}qL -hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's&quot;ng ;d]t_, :yfgLo >f]t ;fwgsf] k|j4{g ug]{ vfnsf vfg]kfgL ;+/rgfx?sf] lgdf{0f ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>*= u|fdL0f :t/df hn pTkGg k|sf]ksf] Go&quot;gLs/0f, phf{ ljsf;, jftfj/0fd}qL k&quot;jf{wf/ lgdf{0f tyf pko'Qm ;/;kmfO{ of]hgfjf6 jftfj/0f ;+/If0f tyf cfly{s cj;/df ;'wf/ Nofpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>(= gbL lgoGq0f tyf l;+rfO ;+/rgfx?sf] lgdf{0f tyf dd{t ;+ef/nfO{ lbuf], k|efjsf/L tyf lskmfotL jgfpg cg';Gwfg ug]{ / o:tf cfof]hgfx? ;+rfng ubf{ jftfj/0f d}qL, hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'lnt / /f]huf/L clej[l4 ug]{ u/L l8hfO{g Pj+ sfof{Gjog ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!)= hn pTkGg k|sf]k lgoGq0f ;]jfdf hgtfsf] kx&quot;Fr clej[l4 ug]{ . </li></ul>
14. 14. cfufdL cfjlws of]hgfsf] d:of}bfdf ljkb÷k|sf]k Joj:yfkg <ul><li>!!=hnljB't cfof]hgfx? jftfj/0fd}qL, hnjfo&quot; cg's&quot;lnt ;d]t x'g]u/L lbuf] tyf nfut k|efjL agfpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>!@=;'/lIft oftfoftsf] nflu lbuf], ;'/lIft / e/kbf]{ oftfoft ;~hfnsf] ljsf; ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!#=;'/lIft, lskmfotL tyf jftfj/0f cg's&quot;n cfjf;x?sf] ljsf; ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!\$=jftfj/0f tyf ;fdflhs b[li6sf]0faf6 pko'Qm j:tL tyf zx/x?sf] ljsf; ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!%= k|fs[lts k|sf]k tyf hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{gsf] sf/0fn] k/]sf k|efjx? Go&quot;gLs/0f ug{ k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL ;+oGqsf] ljsf; ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!^= k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f (DISASTER RISK REDUCTION) tyf jftfj/0fLo k|efj / hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's&quot;lnt jgfpb} k|fs[lts ;|f]t ;Dkbfsf] lbuf] ;+/If0f / Joj:yfkg ug]{ . </li></ul>
15. 15. cfufdL cfjlws of]hgfsf] d:of}bfdf ljkb÷k|sf]k Joj:yfkg <ul><li>!&= :jf:Yo;+u ;DjGwL dfgj ;+zfwg / ef}lts ;+/rgf tyf :jf:Yo ;+:yfsf] Ifdtf ljsf; Pj+ cf}ifwL / pks/0fsf] k|efjsf/L Joj:yfkg ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!*=k|lt/f]wfTds, k|a4{gfTds, pkrf/fTds / k'g:yf{kgfd&quot;ns u'0f:t/Lo ;]jfx? :yfgLo:t/;Ddsf hgtfsf] kx&quot;Fr x'g] u/L k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;~rfng ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!(= df};d eljiojf0fL k|0ffnL e/kbf]{ jgfpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>@)= /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]udf s]Gb|Lo:t/sf] GIS ;DaGwL s]Gb|Lo 8f6f e08f/ (Central Data Repository) :yfkgf ul/g] . </li></ul>
16. 16. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx? <ul><li>!=! ;jf/L ;fwgsf] cj:yf k/LIf0f ug{ dl;gdf cfwfl/t k/LIf0f k|0ffnLsf] cjnDag ug{ e]Osn lkm6g]; 6]i6 - Vehicle fitness centers _ k|0ffnLsf] sfof{Gjog / lj:tf/ ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!=@ :t/o'Qm ;]jfsf] j}1flgs dfkb08 tf]sL To;sf] dfkb08 k&quot;/f gug]{ k'/fgf / k|b&quot;if0fo'Qm ;jf/L ;fwg lj:yfkg ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!=# oftfoft If]qdf k|b'if0f lgoGq0f ug{ If]qut ?kdf pko'Qm dfkb08 tf]sL qmlds ?kdf kl/dfh{g u/L sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>@=! ljZjJofkL hnjfo' kl/jt{gaf6 s[lifdf cg's&quot;ng ub}{ s[lif h}ljs ljljwtfsf] ;+/If0f / pkof]udf j[l4 ul/g] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>@=@ s[lif h}ljs ljljwtfdf cfwfl/t pTkfbg j[l4, /f]huf/L Pj+ cfod&quot;ns sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ug{ k|f]T;fxg ub}{ tT;DaGwL ahf/ tyf pBf]u Joj;fo ;~rfng ug{ k|f]T;fxg ul/g] 5 . </li></ul>
17. 17. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>#=! /fli6«o k|fyldstfk|fKt k&quot;jf{wf/ ljsf; lgdf{0f sfo{af6 x'g] jg h+un gf]S;fgLsf] Ifltk&quot;lt{ ug{ o:tf k&quot;jf{wf/ ljsf;sf] nflu k|of]u ePsf] If]qkmnsf] u'0ffTds cg'kftdf j[Iff/f]k0f u/L jg sfod ug'{ kg]{ Joj:yf nfu&quot; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>#=@ åGåjf6 gf]S;fgL ePsf] jg ;Dkbfsf] j[Iff/f]k0fjf6 / cGo ef}lts k&quot;jf{wf/x?sf] k'glgdf{0faf6 k&quot;g:yflkt ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>\$=! kljq lxdfno e&quot;kl/wL k4lt /0fgLlt @))^ cg';f/ tof/ ul/Psf] h}ljs ljljwtf tyf hLjj:t' ;+/If0f, :jR5 hn ;+/If0f, lbuf] lhljsf]kfh{g, ;f+:s[lts ;Dkbf ;+/If0f, hnjfo' kl/j{tg / jftfj/0f ;+/If0f ;DjGwL sfo{of]hgf nfu' ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>%=! hUufsf] gfk gS;f ubf{ cfw'lgs k|ljlw ckgfOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>%=@ e&quot;–;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL4f/f hUuf ;DjGwL ljj/0f cBfjlws u/L ;|]:tf tyf gS;f ;DjGwL ljj/0f sDKo&quot;6/Ls[t u/L nfu&quot; ul/g] 5 . </li></ul>
18. 18. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>^=! hg;+Vof Joj:yfkg;DaGwL ljBdfg gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx?sf] k'g/fjnf]sg u/L To;sf] cfotg / k|efjsfl/tfdf ;'wf/ Nofpg pko'Qm gLltut, ;+:yfut tyf sfo{ut txdf ;'wf/ ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>^=@ kl/jf/ lghf]hgsf ;fwgsf] pkof]u, hg;+Vof lzIff / r]tgfsf] clej[l4af6 hg;+Vof j[l4nfO{ Aojl:yt ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>^=# u|fdL0f tyf kl5 k/]sf If]qx?df ;fdflhs, cfly{s ;]jfx? Pj+ ef}lts k&quot;jf{wf/x?sf] ;+t'lnt ljt/0f, :of6nfO6 zx/x? k|a4{g, PsLs[t jl:t ljsf; / a;fO{ ;/fO{sf] k|j[lQnfO{ Jojl:yt ub}{ hg;+Vofsf] If]qLo ljt/0fdf ;+t'ng Nofpg k|of; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>&=! zx/L÷c4{zx/L 3gfj:tL ePsf :yfgx?df k|zf]wg k|0ffnL ;lxtsf] :oflg6/L 9n lgdf{0f ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>&=@ ;fgf ;fgf 9n k|zf]wg k|0ffnL :yfkgf / ;~rfng u/L k|zf]lwt kfgL gbLdf k7fpg] Aoj:yf ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>&=# vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{sf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ubf{ hnjfo' kl/jt{gjf6 kg{ ;Sg] c;/ Go&quot;gLs/0f ug{ ljz]if ;fjwfgL ckgfO{g]5 . </li></ul>
19. 19. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>&=\$ vfg]kfgL cfof]hgfx?nfO{ lskmfotL, lbuf], jftfj/0fd}qL tyf hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'lnt jgfpg cfjZos cWoog cg';Gwfg ug]{ ;+:yfut Ifdtfsf] ljsf; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>*=! hn pTkGg k|sf]k lgoGq0f, phf{ tyf cGo k&quot;jf{wf/ ljsf;, ;/;kmfO{ of]hgf sfof{Gjog ubf{ jftfj/0fd}qL k|ljlw ckgfO{ ;+/If0f ;d]tsf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>(=! of]hgfx?sf] l8hfO{g tyf sfof{Gjogdf /f]huf/L, ul/jL Go&quot;gLs/0f, jftfj/0f ;+/If0f / hnjfo' kl/jt{gjf/] ljz]if Wofg lbOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!)=! hn pTkGg k|sf]k lgoGq0f ;]jfnfO{ Aofks jgfpg ljs]Gb|Lt ;+:yfut ;+/rgf ljsf; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!)=@ hn pTkGg k|sf]k lgoGq0f ;]jfsf] Aoj:yfkgnfO{ nfut k|efjsf/L agfpg o;sf sfo{qmdx?nfO{ cGo ;/sf/L lgsfox? ;+u klg ;dGjo ul/g] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!)=# hn pTkGg k|sf]k lgoGq0f sfo{qmdnfO{ k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;DkGg ug{ cfjZos >f]tsf] Aoj:yf ul/g]5 . </li></ul>
20. 20. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>!!=! ljB't pTkfbgnfO{ lskmfotL tyf lbuf] agfpg cg';GwfgnfO{ ;+:yfut ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!!=@ hnljB't cfof]hgfx?sf] l8hfO{g tyf lgdf{0fdf jftfj/0fd}qL tyf hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's&quot;ng ;lxtsf k|fjwfgx? /fVg] sfo{ ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!@=! ;8s lgdf{0f ubf{ jftfj/0f ;+/If0f x'g] u/L :yfgLo lgdf{0f ;fdfu|L tyf ;Lksf] k|of]u ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!@=@ ;8s lgdf{0f ubf{ jftfj/0fLo, ul/jL Go&quot;gLs/0f, ;dfj]zL tyf /f]huf/Lsf kIfx?nfO{ ljif]z Wofg lbOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!@=# ;8s lgdf{0fnfO{ lbuf], ;'/lIft tyf lskmfotL agfpg cfjZos OlGhlgol/Ë b:tfj]h (Code & Specification) x?sf] pTkfbg tyf k|of]u ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!@=\$ ;8s lgdf{0f ubf{ ;8s ;txsf] jiff{tsf] kfgLnfO{ e&quot;ldut hn Recharge ug{ k|of]u ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!#=! ejgx¿nfO{ u'0f:t/o'Qm, lskmfotL, ;'/lIft agfpg /fli6«o ejg ;+lxtfsf] kfngf clgjfo{ ul/g'sf ;fy} lzko'Qm sflnu9 tyf k|fljlwsx¿ pTkfbg ul/g]5 . </li></ul>
21. 21. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>!\$=! gu/ If]qdf lgdf{0f x'g] cUnf ejgx?sf] lgodgnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!\$=@ k|d'v nf]sdfu{x?sf] cf;kf;df Jojl:yt zx/ ljsf; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!\$=# /fhwfgLsf] jl/kl/ pku|x gu/ (Satellite City) sf] ljsf; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!\$=\$ lbuf] tyf Jojl:yt zx/L ljsf; of]hgf tyf j:tL ljsf; sfo{qmd nfu&quot; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!\$=% x/]s lasf; If]qsf Ps Ps u/L slDtdf kfFr j6f If]qLo zx/x?df PsLs[t k&quot;af{wf/ lasf; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!\$=^ 7&quot;nf ;x/, /fli6«o tyf k|fb]lzs ;x/, ;fd'bflos j:tLx? tyf lghL cfjf; ljsf;sf nflu dfkb08x? lgwf{/0f ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!\$=& hUuf ljsf; (Land pooling) sf] Aoj:yfaf6 u|fdL0f j:tL ljsf; sfo{qmd Jojl:yt ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!%=! k|fs[lts k|sf]k tyf hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{gsf sf/0fn] k/]sf k|efj Go&quot;lgs/0f ug{ k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL ;+oGqsf] ljsf; u/L wghgsf] ;'/Iff ul/g]5 . </li></ul>
22. 22. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>!^=! k|fs[lts >f]tsf] ;+/If0f, ;Dj4{g tyf Joj:yfkgsf] cg'udg Pj+ k/LIf0fnfO{ ;+:yfut ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!^=@ lxdgbL, lxdtfn / af9Lsf] vt/f /x]sf gbL tyf :yfgx?df k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k4ltsf] ljsf; u/L of]hgf th'{df tyf sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!&=! :yfgLo :jf:Yo ;+:yfx?nfO{ qmdzM :t/f]Gglt u/L ;f]xL cg';f/ ef}lts / dfgjLo ;|f]t;fwgsf] Joj:yf ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!&=@ :jf:Yo ;]jf k|bfos ;+:yf Pj+ sd{rf/Lx?sf] Ifdtf / bIftf clej[l4 u/L ;]jf k|jfxnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg] / b'u{d Pj+ lk5l8Psf If]qdf sfo{/t :jf:YosdL{ tyf dlxnf :jo+;]ljsfx?sf nflu ljz]if k|f]T;fxg sfo{qmd th'{df u/L nfu&quot; ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!&=# lhNnf c:ktfnx?nfO{ %) z}ofdf :t/f]Gglt ul/g]5 . </li></ul>
23. 23. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>!&=\$ cf}ifwLsf] u'0f:t/ k/LIf0f / Joj:yfkg k|efjsf/L jgfOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!*=! cfd hgtfsf nflu :jf:Yo ;]jfnfO{ ;'ne / ;xh agfpg :jf:Yo ;]jf k|jfxsf ;+oGqx?df nufgL j[l4 ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!*=@ k|hgg :jf:Yo, gjhft lzz' :jf:Yo / kl/jf/ lgof]hg ;DaGwL ;]jfx?sf] kx&quot;Fr / k|efjsfl/tfdf j[l4 ug{ gofF sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!*=# ;/sf/L, lghL tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx?sf] ;xsfo{df ljBfno :jf:Yo lzIffsf] dfWodaf6 :jf:Yo ;DaGwL hgr]tgf / ;]jf clej[l4 ul/g]5 . </li></ul>
24. 24. d:of}bf sfo{gLltx?===== <ul><li>!*=\$ Pr= cfO{= le=÷P8;, nfu&quot; kbfy{ b'Jo{;g, w'd|kfg tyf dBkfgsf] ;d:of lgjf/0fsf nflu cleofgsf ?kdf ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!*=% jftfj/0f kl/jt{gsf] sf/0f hg:jf:Yodf kg]{ k|efjsf] Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu pko'Qm sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>!(=! hn tyf df};d s]Gb|x?sf] :t/ j[l4 u/L j}1flgs tl/sfn] tYofªs ;ªsng, k|zf]wg, ljZn]if0f Pj+ k|sfzgsf ;fy} df};d eljiojf0fLnfO{ e/kbf]{ jgfOg]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>@)=! s]Gb|Lo 8f6f e08f/ (Central Data Repository) df ;]jf, ;fwg;|f]t, kxF'r, ul/jL, j:tL, kl/jf/ / j8fut tYof+s ;+sng ul/g]5 . </li></ul><ul><li>@)=@ s]Gb| / :yfgLo :t/sf cfjlws tyf If]qut of]hgf tof/ ubf{ GIS Tools k|of]u ug{ hf]8 lbOg]5 . </li></ul>
25. 25. /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf] e&quot;ldsf <ul><li>vf;u/L gLltut / of]hgfut ;dGjosf] e&quot;ldsf . </li></ul><ul><li>;dGjo ljleGg txdf x'g] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cGt/dGqfno </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If]qut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>j}b]lzs ;xfotfsf] nflu cGt/f{li6«o lgsfox?;+u </li></ul></ul><ul><li>;lrjfnodf ;x;lrj Ho&quot;sf] ;+of]hsTjdf ljkb Joj:yfkg kmf]sn sld6L /x]sf] . </li></ul>
26. 26. ljBdfg r'gf}ltx? <ul><li>;fdflhs–;fF:s[lts r'gf}ltx?M </li></ul><ul><li>b}jL zlQmdf ljZjf; ug]{ k|rng </li></ul><ul><li>kof{Kt r]tgf, lzIff / ;+rf/sf] sdL </li></ul><ul><li>k|fs[lts ;|f]tsf] nfk/jfxL k|of]u </li></ul><ul><li>cJojl:yt j:tL </li></ul><ul><li>jftfj/0f d}qL Jojxf/ gkgfOg' </li></ul><ul><li>36gfnfO{ :jefljs ?kn] lng] k|rng </li></ul>
27. 27. ljBdfg r'gf}ltx?===== <ul><li>cfly{s r'gf}ltx?M </li></ul><ul><li>ul/aL </li></ul><ul><li>k|fs[lts ;|f]tdf e/ kg'{sf] ljsNk gePsf] </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb Joj:yfkgdf kof{Kt ah]6 sdL </li></ul><ul><li>zf;sLo r'gf}ltx?M </li></ul><ul><li>/fhgLlts k|ltj4tf / k|fyldstf </li></ul><ul><li>sdhf]/ ;+:yfut Ifdtf </li></ul><ul><li>nfdf] / 3'dfp/f] lg0f{o k|lqmofx? </li></ul><ul><li>cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]usf] ;xL sfof{Gjog gx'g' </li></ul><ul><li>:yfgLo lgsfox?sf] k|efjsf/L kl/rfng ug{ g;lsg' </li></ul>